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Frozen Embryo Ownership

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by

Emily Harris

on 10 April 2014

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Transcript of Frozen Embryo Ownership

Freezing Embryos
Embryos are frozen through a process called Cryopreservation

Cryopreservation uses liquid and vapor forms nitrogen to freeze the embryos

Cryoprotectants are added to
reduce the risk of crystals
forming while freezing
Using Frozen Embryos
Frozen embryos are used for couples who are infertile or cannot procreate on there own but wish to do so

A woman must undergo In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) to procreate using frozen embryos
Why Many are frozen
When couples decide to freeze their embryos, several are frozen for 2 main reasons:

1-attempts may fail

2-if they decide to expand their family, they will have the resources to do so
History
1972- 1st mammalian embryos were successfully preserved

1983- 1st human pregnancy from frozen embryos recorded

1986- 1st baby from a frozen embryo was born

1997- 1st American baby born from a frozen embryo
What is an Embryo?
An embryo is an organism in its earliest stage of development.

Embryos form when a sperm and egg are fused together
Frozen Embryo Ownership
Controversy
The two most controversial questions regarding frozen embryos are:

Is freezing embryos acceptable?

and

Who has the rights to frozen embryos?
Is it acceptable?
Argument 1:
-Some say yes because it gives couples a chance to start a family if they cannot do it naturally for whatever reason

Argument 2:
-Others say no because they see it as freezing a baby and compare it to the controversial topic of abortion
IVF
In in vitro fertilization, fertilization is done in a test tube and then implanted into a woman's uterus

Some attempts are not always successful
Who has ownership?
2:44
There are many different cases in who has ownership of embryos and/or egg and sperm cells

-If an individual donates his or her sperm or egg, they have no right to them or the children born from them.

-If an individual freezes his or her egg or sperm for later use, they have the rights to them

Who Has Ownership Cont'd
-If a couple freezes their embryos, they hold the rights to those because they belong to them specifically

-If a couple must use a surrogate mother, she has no right to the embryo or the child formed
Who Has Ownership Cont'd
In the case of divorced couples, it varies.

-If the woman still wants to use the embryos, they still are partially hers so some feel it is okay to do so

-Usually the man doesn't want this because he does not want any obligations to any children that may form, so they may decide to sign away his rights

-They both may decide to sign away their rights and ownership belongs to the clinic; they then can do as they please
Conclusion
Depending on the case, ownership rights vary. There have been many court cases tat have dealt with these cases, but since every situation is different its difficult for laws to be out into place.
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