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Section 1- Feudalism: A System for Living

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Shannon Nadler

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Section 1- Feudalism: A System for Living

Section 1- Feudalism: A System for Living
Things to think about:
Feudalism in Japan
Trade routes and their effects on communities

Medieval Times
Middle Ages
means the period of time from about
A.D. 500 to A.D. 1500
medieval
Means "from the Middle Ages"
This time period is considered to be in the middle of the
ancient times
and
modern times
Collapse of Roman Empire
The Roman Empire controlled much of Western Europe in ancient times. They lost strength and invaders captured parts of Europe piece by piece.
Charlemagne
king of the
Franks
who conquered much of Western Europe, great patron literature and learning
He claimed the area named
Gaul
(France today)
Went on to conquer much more of Western Europe
Charlemagne's Empire
Came to power in 768
He ruled for 45 years
Established schools
Promoted learning and culture
The rulers who followed Charlemagne were weak and his empire fell apart by the end of the 800's.
Feudalism: A Basis for Government
Vikings: warriors from Denmark, Sweden, and Norway who attacked Charlemagne's empire from aound 800 until 1100.

Looted towns
Murdered people
Caused people to need to find new ways to protect themselves
Feudalism
system of power in Europe during Middle Ages, in which kings & queens had most power, followed by nobles, knights, & peasants
Lords, Fiefs, & Vassals
Landowners were called
lords

the share of land they gave in exchange for loyalty was a
fief
Vassal
was the person who promised his loyalty to the lord
How It Worked
Land = Power
So...... those who controlled the land had the power.

Who controlled the land?
Vassal got protection from lord in exchange for agreeing to follow the laws of the lord, fight for the lord, & be loyal to him.
Feudal Duties
Lord
- protect vassals and land
Vassal
- serve in lord's army, be part of lord's court, make payments on special occasions
Noble women
- ran households, supervised servants, took over duties if man was away
Peasants & Manor
Manor
- large estate, often including a village and farmlands, ruled by a lord in medieval Europe
Manor is governed by the lord
.
He made the rules
Acted as the judge when laws were broken
Chose officials to run things
Manors were far away from other towns
Manors had to be able to support themselves or be
self-sufficient
(had to supply their own food, shelter, & clothing)
Jobs on the Manor
farmers
carpenter
shoemaker
metalworker (smith)
other skilled workers
Can you think of any examples?
Lives of Peasants and Serfs
Peasants did all labor on the manor.
In return for growing food for the lord, peasants were allowed to farm a small strip of land to feed themselves and their family.

Peasants lived in one-room huts with dirt floors.
serf
- person who lived on and farmed a lord's land in feudal times; he or she did not own land and depended on the lord for protection
Serfs couldn't marry or leave manor without permission from lord.

They were property but
not
slaves.
Serfs could save up money to buy land and become free.
If a serf ran away to a
city
& lived there for
a year & one day
without being caught, they were free.
Up Next...
The Rise of Cities
Full transcript