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LSA2010 criminological theory

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Tanner Hoskovec

on 17 May 2010

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Transcript of LSA2010 criminological theory

Criminological theory There are two main types of criminological theory that explain why crime happens classical theory positivist schools biological theory sociological theory psychological theory Positivist Schools theory is made up of three sub theories: biological,
sociological,& psychological
theory. Lombroso came up with this theory and unlike his predecessors he kept refining his theory through on going observation. Lombroso stated that you were a criminal not by choice but
by the way you were born and what abnormalities you had. He stated that if you had a misshapen skull or noticeable abnormalities then you were more likely to commit crime. An example of this would be the more you looked like a cave man the more likely you were to commit crime. He stated that people who had these traits werent as fully developed as other humans who didnt commit crime and that people with these physical traits didnt know better. these traits were known as Ativistic theory Psychological theory stated that you committed
crime because you had a mental defect. An example
of psychological theory would be the Freudian theory or the behavior focuses on early childhood development that involves the idea of the Id, Ego, and the Superego. The Id is the part of your personality that controls the basic urges and desires such as food, water, pleasure, ect.
The next part of his theory is the Ego. It is often referred to as the rational or executive part of the personality. It keeps the Id in check and finds the best ways to get what the Id wants without going against society. The third and final part to the Freudian theory is the Superego. The Superego is the conscience or the part of the personality that ultimately decides on how to go about getting what the Id wants. it takes the ideas the Ego comes up with and picks the best choice out of those ideas. There are many examples of Sociological theory. The main type is Differential theory. There are three parts to Differential theory. The first part is Diffrenetial association which is the idea that we act on what we see. Basically we act the way we do based on how the people we associate with behave and on how they expect us to behave. the second part is Differential Identification its a mdification to the original theory and it states that a person will commit crime if the believe it will lead to social acceptance. Deferential Reinforcement is the third and final part to this theory. It states that we consider the possible rewards for not committing crime and the possible punishments and act accordingly. classical therory also known as free will theory is first theory people came up with to explain why crime happens. It says that we make the choice to commit crime and weigh the pros and cons of doing it then make a decision based on our reasoning. sources cited the LSA packet, LSA book and google images
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