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Gender in Sport

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Toby McIntyre

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of Gender in Sport

Women sport makes up just 9% of television coverage in Australia
Societal influences
Just two women serve on FIFA’s board, one woman on the World Cycling’s governing body and no women whatsoever on the governing body of the International Tennis Federation
The Matildas
Factors that influence the issue
Positive and Negative Impacts of Gender In Sport:
Society has a major impact on this issue. Whether it is the views from television, the stereotypes of women compared to men or just what history has shown.
Male sport get 91% of the television broadcasting leaving only 9% for women.
Society sees men as the dominant half because in the past they were the ones who worked and had the final say. This societal vision has been applied in many sports. In society, men are seen as the muscular, brave and athletic people whereas women are meant to be gentle, kind and feminine. This is probably why females don't get enough recognition, pay or growth for their sport. History has shown that men are the dominant sport players. This might influence people into not really wanting to change history.
Thursday, October 8, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Males and Females
Current State And Actions Being Taken About The Issue:
The History of Gender in Sport goes way back to the Ancient Olympics. Women weren't allowed to compete in the Olympic Games in Greece. Only men could participate in the events. There would be a barefoot running race that unmarried women were allowed to compete in but there would be no prize or recognition for the winner. The Olympic games were in honor of the God Zeus and the women's running race was in honor of his wife Hera; the God of women and marriage.

Women have never been treated as equal as men all throughout history. Whether it is with working, sport, recreation or even just basic rights. Women have not been able to compete in sports because males have always been seen as the athletic, muscular and active people.
Current state of the Issue:
Gender in Sport
It was not seen for women to play sport around the early A.D period because sport was not big even for males. Sport would only be played by middle to upper-class people and athletics would be the only kind of sports really participated in. Sport became more popular for males as the years got closer to the 17,18 and 1900s. This questioned why females couldn't participate in sport. Certain females started to show they had talent in their sport.
The first women's golf tournament is held at Musselburgh, Scotland.
The women's singles competition begins at Wimbledon.
Women compete in the Paris Olympics in golf, tennis, and croquet.
Women and men compete together in Olympic equestrian events.
The first LPGA Championship is held.
The Wimbledon tennis tournament announces that it will pay women and men equal prize money for the first time.

Raising Gender issues in sport
The Australian Netball Diamonds have just recently won the 2015 Netball World Cup. These are the best 12 netball players in the whole country and yet most of them still have to work day jobs just to get by. It is hard to understand that some of the best athletes in Australia don't get enough funding and have to work other jobs. Netball is one of the highest participation sport in Australia with over 387,500 female players and yet the twelve best can't get sufficiently funded.
Recently the 2015 Women FIFA World Cup has taken place where the Australian Matildas made it to the quarter-finals. In the last couple weeks, the Matildas have abandoned a training camp that they were meant to do with the USA soccer team. They did this to raise the issue that they are being under paid by the FFA and are not putting up with it. They then gathered outside the FFA offices to protest their unrecognised efforts and under payment.
The Matildas are each paid $21,000 annually or a daily wage of $150.
The Socceroos each get paid a daily wage of $240 plus great money fro bonuses.

There is a great issue with Gender in sport. The females aren't treated as equal and fair as the males. The main problems are that females aren't getting paid enough, broadcasting on tv, radio etc is all about the males, and predominantly female sports aren't getting sufficient enough funds to grow the sport.
Key groups: roles and responsibilities
The athletes themselves influence this issue greatly because they are the ones who know what it feels like. Athletes are the people who everyone watches and listens to. They can raise the issue and get people to understand what is going on and the changes that could be made because they are constantly spoken about. The athletes should be fighting against Gender discrimination and help ensure that all athletes are treated equally and fair.
Spectators influence the issue because they are the ones watching and supporting the athletes. The spectators wouldn't like to find out that their favourite athletes who they support aren't being treated as fair or equal as others in the field. Spectators should shut down gender discrimination as it doesn't belong in sport or society.
Associations and Committees
Associations and Committees that run the sports and make final decisions can have a positive influence on the issue. They are the ones who are treating the athletes and certain sports with not enough fairness. They are the ones who under pay athletes and don't give them enough recognition. Some of the associations and committees need to treat athletes and the people with better respect and equality because when it goes public or nasty, the blame goes back on their shoulders.
The media only care about the number of people watching and the money. They don't worry about what gender is watching or who is being shown. If the media broadcasts or televised a larger amount of female sports during more prime time sections, then that would encourage the athletes, better chance of getting sponsors and it would benefit the channel as well.
The positive effects of gender issues in sport are presenting the problems that are shown in both sport and society. The attention given to these problems results in, steps being taken to allow positive outcomes by which the benefits of participating in sport are promoted.

The negative Impacts may include harassment and discrimination from other players or spectators , exploitation , lack of sponsorship due to gender, body-image issues from limited support or even hate, lack of media coverage because male sport is 'more damanding' and even eating disorders.

Actions Being Taken:
Gender in sport in slowly evening out with less and less discrimination and more even opportunities for males and females. In sport there are many issues where females aren't allowed to participate in male sports and males aren't allowed to participate in female sports. This is due to society and media.

The Australian Sports Commission has a major role in promoting gender equality in sport. The commission has many aims for the future including: making sport harassment free, eliminate the link between sport and bad behaviour, end discrimination against sportswomen and promote equal opportunity for sportsmen and sportswomen. There main goal is to make everyone feel good about participating in a sport which they enjoy and not feel bad about doing it.

Future Perspectives on Gender In Sport:
Fun Facts:
Future Predictions:
Future Directions:
Strategy aimed to Improve negative impact:
Quick Video About The Current State Of Issue:
Future predictions on gender in sport that the sport becomes discrimination free, allows equal opportunities for both genders and overall makes sport more enjoyable for everyone.
Future directions of gender in sport include:
The Office for Women and the Australian Sports Commission, working together so the Australian Government can provide funding.
This will be provided through the Grants for Women Program as sports leadership. There will be various things considered some including ; high-performance coaching and officiating; women from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds; Indigenous women; women in general sports leadership and women in disability sport.

The Grants for Women Program helps females reach their full potential in sport. Whether that be a player, coach or official. Their applicants attend trainings and workshops to help improve their skill and knowledge in sports. In this organization females are able to apply for scholarships or can get given grants through the program.

This will give females much more knowledge and opportunity in sport.

Another future direction is the Australia Sports Commission working to make equal amount of opportunity for females in sport aswell as males. They are also working to make sport completely harassment free and to promote gender equity.
A strategy aimed to improve negative impact on gender in sport is the Code Of Behaviour (aka Code of conduct) .The Australian Sports Commission developed this 'Code Of Behaviour' in 2004 in hope to protect sports persons more. This Code Of Behaviour applies to Players, Coaches, Spectators, officials and the general public.
Codes of Behaviour:
Sources from: Australian Sports Commission
Some fun facts about gender in sport:

- DID YOU KNOW that, at the college (University) level, male athletes receive $176 million more scholarship dollars than female athletes every year?

-From 1987 to 1999, the number of girls aged 6 and over playing basketball increased 15% to 12.67 million and the number of girls aged 6 and over playing soccer increased by 20% to 7.3 million.

The Impact of Gender in Sport:
Gender has a big impact in sport as it causes a lot of problems. Discrimination, harassment and inequality are just some.

Quick Game

Some Examples to help explain the Impact Gender has on sport:
-Some Games are ruled out as just male or female sports and the other gender can not play them.
-For professional sports persons and teams, Females only get 9% media coverage where as males get up to 81%.
-Males are offered more scholarships and . opportunities than women.

By Toby and Elissa
Full transcript