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Copy of George Washington

The First President

J Marshall

on 18 January 2018

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Transcript of Copy of George Washington

The Presidential Cabinet
Washington found the need for
a group of Presidential advisors
, all with a certain level of "fitness of character" for the position.
The Precedent President
Bipartisan Beginnings
Moving towards a two-party government
The United States and
The French Revolution
Foreign Affairs
Jay's Treaty
The First President
George Washington
The Most Important First 100 Days
The Constitution never detailed the necessary jobs of a President -- Washington said he was walking on "untrodden ground".
GW felt the need to be a role model for future presidents, establishing:
1. Finishing the Oath of Office with "so help me God."
2. Calling the President "Mr. President".
3. Creating a Presidential Cabinet.
4. Encouraging Neutrality in foreign affairs.
5. Served for 2-terms.
6. Gave a farewell address at end of service.
Washington's "Dream Team"
Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of the Treasury
Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of the State
Henry Knox
Secretary of War
The Financial Plan of Alexander Hamilton
A Federalist Approach to Making Money

1. Increase the national debt...but pay it off (good to not owe money) will make people lend you more.

2. Assume State debts from war. Makes the states loyal to the Nat'l government.

3. Tariff for protection of local industry....what's a tariff?
-Tariff: Tax on an imported good to encourage buying of local goods vs. foreign.

4. Excise tax to raise revenue.

5. Create a national bank to deposit money and provide stable currency.
Washington, the Reluctant President
On the ride from Mount Vernon to New York...
Washington considered the "ocean of difficulties" facing the new nation, saw the presidency as "giving up all expectations of private happiness in the world".
Discussed with future Secretary of War, Henry Knox, that “movements to the chair of government will be accompanied with feelings not unlike those of a culprit who is going to the place of his execution.”
Washington's Inauguration
Pay attention to:
How does Washington act while taking his Oath of Office?

How do the emotions of the common people differ from those experienced by the President?
Federalist vs. Democratic Republicans:
Hamilton vs. Jefferson
Revolution broke out in France, calling for a political shift from its centuries-old absolute monarchy to a republic inspired by the Enlightenment.

monarchy, aristocracy, and religious authority

equality, citizenship and inalienable rights.
Traditions overthrown:
Enlightenment principles favored:
Dividing the Political Elite:
Thomas Jefferson: leader of the
Democratic Republicans,
celebrated French Rev.
The End of
Washington's Administration
America and British Relations
Alexander Hamilton: leader of the Federalists, viewed Revolution with skepticism and wanted to preserve commercial ties w/ Britain.
Unresolved Issues from the Treaty of Paris
After the Treaty of Paris, 1783, Britain still
retained some control of the Great Lakes
, causing conflict with the
expansion of the American Northwest (NW Ordinance)
New Treaty, Prolonged Peace
John Jay
, chief negotiator of the Federalists, calls for:

-- removal of
British soldiers/forts out of the Great Lakes

-- opened up
freer British-American trade
that would benefit Britain greatly
Turn and Talk:
Continuance of Partisan Opposition
Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans criticize the use of the Jay Treaty and establishment of National Bank. Both, making Washington into a quasi-King.
The Farewell Address
Feeling the effects of old age, declining health, and political opposition, Washington calls to end his Presidency.
Three Major Points:
1) BE wary of harmful
"political factionalism
in the country" and a plea to "unite for the good of the country".

2) a recommendation to
stay neutral
and "avoid permanent, entangling alliances" with foreign countries.

a call for morality
, as a "necessary part of popular government" as all "good governments are based on religion and morals".
If you were going to lead the country, what kind of people would you surround yourself with?

What type of people made up Washington's cabinet.
National Bank
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
Excise Tax

What were the challenges faced by Washington and how were they handled?
What did Washington warn of in his Farewell address?
Full transcript