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How Did Rapid Change During the Meiji Period Affect Japan’s Worldview?

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on 14 March 2011

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Transcript of How Did Rapid Change During the Meiji Period Affect Japan’s Worldview?

How Did Japan Decide to Implement Change During the Meiji Period? How Did Rapid Change During the Meiji Period Affect Japan’s Worldview? March.11 Japans leaders came to a decision that to keep power they would have to change their ways of life. They changed their government, military, economy, and many other aspects of their life. How Did Modernizing the Japanese Political System Reflect a New Worldview? The leaders of Japan decided that they should have a centralized government. The capital was move to Tokyo in 1868. They also decided to slowly put Japan in to a constitutional government. The emperor moved into the former shoguns castle it proved to Japan the shogun nor the Bakufu had power in Japan. The prefecture system was placed in all the domains in 1871. The emperor became a symbol of a unified nation. Japanese leaders were separated in to two groups. One side liking the idea of human rights from the France and American governments. And one was going for centralized control German government. The leaders finally agreed to the centralized government. Dajokan was the name of the new government. Because they wanted to have the people have loyalty to the emperor only, the Japanese leaders made it so that the Japanese people could chose their job and move around the country. How Did Japan Change Its Economic System? The economic foundation was in place with the start of roads and markets. But there was still much to do. But before they could become more economic they had to renegotiate the unequal treaties. A lot of there industry’s where for the military, but they also made silk, glass, and other things. Most industry’s where government owned. Eventually the government sold the business to other owners because of cost. The minister of finance was eventually formed and the position was filled by Matsukata Masayoshi in 1881. At the end of the Meiji period he had doubled Japans national income. Rail road’s and highways where built. Modernized communication was installed, and harbors where made. Many banks were made, and foragers and technology where brought over. How Did Japan ChangeIts Military System to Meet Political Needs? Japan had a small army of samurai but in order to be respected by the west they needed to improve it. The two main reasons for a large army was to defend if attacks and respect from the west. The British navy model japans navy, well the German army was the model for japans army. The army changed in appearance a lot. From there hair to their clothes. How Did Japan’s New Worldview Change Its Social Systems? One of the biggest changes in the social system was the chance to change occupation. The people now had a chance to change there statues. They could also move around the country. But the people whose lives changed the most where the Daimyo, samurai, commoners, and farmers. daimyo Samurai Commoners Farmers The Daimyo lives where change completely and rapidly. The Daimyo and the court nobility merged to form one class. The Daimyo where also striped of the right to talk money from their domains. They were given a small amount of money and where invited to come to Tokyo to assist the government. Many became business men. The samurai where still paid but there pay kept getting reduced until it was no more. There appearance also got eliminated whether it was because it was forbidden to wear, like the samurai sword or it just went out of style, like their hair and clothing. After they were given permission many of the Samaria took on other careers such as business men and farmers. The biggest change for the commoners was that the where aloud to better their states and do what they want with their lives. They were also aloud to have surnames. Commoners could also marry whoever they wanted. Sadly for them they had to start paying taxes with the rest of the country. The government also gave them the freedom of religion. But the government still held to the national religion. The government also reserved the right to take away any of their privileges. The farmers where helped but also punished. They now had owner ship of their land but had to pay a 3% tax. They also had the choice of what they grow and where they sold it. But they where no longer helped out when there were famine or drought. Many farmers went bankrupt from the taxes and where forced to sell their farm land and become tenet farmers. Many of the farmers started to protest against the government but where quickly swatted down. On the Iwakura trip Japan found that many great countries and great education systems. So Japan changed the education system so that everyone could get an education no matter their class. In time they had opened universities, middle and primary schools for everyone. How Did Japan’s Culture Change? After they were granted freedom of religion many turned to Buddhism and
Confucianism. The government tried to keeping all the people in the same religion because they thought that is would unify the county better. But people still practiced Buddhism and Confucianism. Because the unequal treaties where still not negotiations the Japanese people began almost hating the west. Many also feared that Japan was changing so much that it was no longer Japan!
How Did Changes in the Edo Period Compare to Changes in the Meiji Period? There were many differences in the Edo and Meiji period. These differences included the government, land ownership, taxes, military, education, foraging relationships, culture, and class structure. Government land ownership Taxes Military Foreign Relations Education Culture Class Structure Taxes Military Education Government Class Structure Foreign Relations Culture land ownership Edo Period Meiji Period The Daimyo owned the Domains. Districts where formed in the country, and farmers could own their own land. The Daimyo where no longer in charge of any land. Could not change social status or class. Anyone could change their social status and class. Culture was a very strict and traditional. Many of the traditions stayed the same but they adapted many from the west. Each daimyo had their own small army. But the largest army was owned by the shogun. All the army’s where made of samurai. Over time all the army’s got smaller because it was expensive and there was no need for them. They made an army based on the German model and a navy based on the British model. The samurai appearance was eliminated. The Edict for Conscription was also put in place. The shogun owned all the army’s. 3 levels of schooling where put in. a university level was taken from the u.s.a idea. There was also a middle and primary school. Anyone could attend a primary school. Each school had their own curriculum. This all happened once a minister of education. The taxes where the responsibility of each land owner and the taxes where based on a 3% land value. All taxes where paid by money. The government collected all of the taxes. Japan took a huge step towards foreign relationships they studied the west for ideas for their own country and also invited experts from the west to help them. They used many of the west ideas to maintain their independence and freedom. They also wanted to try and renegotiate their unequal treaties. The government what’d a government that was centralized and had laws for the whole country. So they got rid of the old style of government and brought in a new one. This one gave the citizens of Japan some rights but not enough to be a democracy. This government was new to the citizens of Japan so many did not know what to think. Japan had a very feudal government. As long as the daimyo showed loyalty to the shogun they where aloud to do what they wanted. The daimyo could set their own rules; have their own army, and almost anything else they wanted to do. There was no right and most citizens did not care. The villages where in charge of paying taxes to the daimyo. They would pay them depending on their crop production. The daimyo had to pay taxes to the shogun also. The taxes where not paid with money but with the products they grow. There were 2 types of schools during the Edo period. One was a school for the samurai class. Well the other was for the commoners. Only the sons of these 2 classes where educated. The samurai school was called the “hanko school.” The other school was called the “terakoya school.” Usually the schools taught basic reading and writing skills. Most of the time the schools where run by one person. Japan isolated itself from the rest of the world. They did this to keep there countries in order and in peace. Unfortunately the world did not agree with them and they were forced to sign unequal treaties. Thus ending their isolation. Japan change so much in a very short time. It adapted many new ideas but still kept some old ones. It became equal to the west and proved it to them too. They looked at the world in a whole new perspective. They became a more unified country and still are today. All the fast rapid changes made Japan what it is today. The END Reference for pictures:
www.shs.westport.k12.ct.us
www.w00.middlebury.edu
http://community.livejournal.com/steamfashion/1062296.html
http://www.uniquejapantours.com/japan-travel-guide/history/the-meiji-restoration-(1868-~-1912)
http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/IH022609.html
http://www.ioffer.com/i/samurai-archer-japanese-art-print-japan-by-kuniyasu-89281866
http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/asia_rising/post_wood_print_mode.html
http://sandrasglobalblog.blogspot.com/
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