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How Did Rapid Change During the Meiji Period Affect Japan’s Worldview?
Transcript of How Did Rapid Change During the Meiji Period Affect Japan’s Worldview?
Confucianism. The government tried to keeping all the people in the same religion because they thought that is would unify the county better. But people still practiced Buddhism and Confucianism. Because the unequal treaties where still not negotiations the Japanese people began almost hating the west. Many also feared that Japan was changing so much that it was no longer Japan!
How Did Changes in the Edo Period Compare to Changes in the Meiji Period? There were many differences in the Edo and Meiji period. These differences included the government, land ownership, taxes, military, education, foraging relationships, culture, and class structure. Government land ownership Taxes Military Foreign Relations Education Culture Class Structure Taxes Military Education Government Class Structure Foreign Relations Culture land ownership Edo Period Meiji Period The Daimyo owned the Domains. Districts where formed in the country, and farmers could own their own land. The Daimyo where no longer in charge of any land. Could not change social status or class. Anyone could change their social status and class. Culture was a very strict and traditional. Many of the traditions stayed the same but they adapted many from the west. Each daimyo had their own small army. But the largest army was owned by the shogun. All the army’s where made of samurai. Over time all the army’s got smaller because it was expensive and there was no need for them. They made an army based on the German model and a navy based on the British model. The samurai appearance was eliminated. The Edict for Conscription was also put in place. The shogun owned all the army’s. 3 levels of schooling where put in. a university level was taken from the u.s.a idea. There was also a middle and primary school. Anyone could attend a primary school. Each school had their own curriculum. This all happened once a minister of education. The taxes where the responsibility of each land owner and the taxes where based on a 3% land value. All taxes where paid by money. The government collected all of the taxes. Japan took a huge step towards foreign relationships they studied the west for ideas for their own country and also invited experts from the west to help them. They used many of the west ideas to maintain their independence and freedom. They also wanted to try and renegotiate their unequal treaties. The government what’d a government that was centralized and had laws for the whole country. So they got rid of the old style of government and brought in a new one. This one gave the citizens of Japan some rights but not enough to be a democracy. This government was new to the citizens of Japan so many did not know what to think. Japan had a very feudal government. As long as the daimyo showed loyalty to the shogun they where aloud to do what they wanted. The daimyo could set their own rules; have their own army, and almost anything else they wanted to do. There was no right and most citizens did not care. The villages where in charge of paying taxes to the daimyo. They would pay them depending on their crop production. The daimyo had to pay taxes to the shogun also. The taxes where not paid with money but with the products they grow. There were 2 types of schools during the Edo period. One was a school for the samurai class. Well the other was for the commoners. Only the sons of these 2 classes where educated. The samurai school was called the “hanko school.” The other school was called the “terakoya school.” Usually the schools taught basic reading and writing skills. Most of the time the schools where run by one person. Japan isolated itself from the rest of the world. They did this to keep there countries in order and in peace. Unfortunately the world did not agree with them and they were forced to sign unequal treaties. Thus ending their isolation. Japan change so much in a very short time. It adapted many new ideas but still kept some old ones. It became equal to the west and proved it to them too. They looked at the world in a whole new perspective. They became a more unified country and still are today. All the fast rapid changes made Japan what it is today. The END Reference for pictures: