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Dyslexia: More Than A Road Block
Transcript of Dyslexia: More Than A Road Block
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is Neuro-biological in
origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
For more information on how to get help go to:
Understanding Your Role
As a parent, having your child diagnosed with dyslexia can be a hard experience. While dyslexia can make reading more difficult, with the right instruction, almost all individuals with dyslexia can learn to read. Many people with dyslexia have gone on to accomplish great things. Among the many dyslexia success stories are Thomas Edison, Stephen Spielberg, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Charles Schwab (dyslexiaida.org). It is your job as a parent to provide guidance and the tools necessary to provide your child with a positive and encouraging environment to succeed.
More Than A Dyslexic
Dyslexia: Finding Success
By Ashley Maldonado
Developmental dyslexia can be characterized as a specific problem with reading and spelling that cannot be accounted for by low intelligence, poor educational opportunities, or obvious sensory or neurological damage. Children with developmental dyslexia often appear to have good spoken language skills and extensive vocabularies (Goswami, 2001).
Phonological Deficit Hypothesis
Is a prevalent cognitive-level explanation for the cause of reading difficulties and dyslexia. It stems from evidence that individuals with dyslexia tend to do poorly on tests which measure their ability to decode nonsense words using conventional phonetic rules, and that there is a high correlation between difficulties in connecting the sounds of language to letters and reading delays or failure in children (Frank, Fletcher, Snowling & Scanlon, 2004)
Prominent Types of Dyslexia in Children
In the past two decades, the phonological deficit hypothesis has been the dominant explanation favored by researchers as to the probable cause of dyslexia, but it is only one of several competing theories. Critics of the phonological hypothesis point out that it fails to account for symptoms of dyslexia unrelated to phonetic decoding difficulties, such as problems with short-term memory, visual processing issues, or difficulties with balance and small motor coordination that are common to many dyslexic children and adults (Uppstad, Henning & Tønnessen, 2007).
Definition Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002
Developmental dyslexia, which affects in the range of 5–12% of the population, is a condition in which children who receive regular reading instruction and who possess typical intellectual skills show significant difficulties in the decoding of written text and hence impeded ability to extract meaning (Eden & Flowers, 2009).
Eden, G., & Flowers, D. (n.d.). Developmental dyslexia. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/developmental-dyslexia
Goswami, U. (2001). Dyslexia, Developmental. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 3918-3921. doi:10.1016/b0-08-043076-7/03599-3
Vellutino, Frank R.; Jack M. Fletcher; Margaret J. Snowling; Donna M. Scanlon (January 2004). "Specific reading disability (dyslexia): what have we learned in the past four decades?". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Blackwell Synergy. 45 (1): 2–40. doi:10.1046/j.0021-9630.2003.00305.x. PMID 14959801.
Uppstad, Per Henning; Finn Egil Tønnessen (2007). "The notion of phonology in dyslexia research: cognitivism - and beyond". Dyslexia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 13 (3): 154–74. doi:10.1002/dys.332. PMID 17624910. Retrieved 2007-06-13.
Parents, you are the best tool of success for your child, there are psychologists, neurologist, teachers and many other health professionals available to help you and your family raise above Dyslexia & help your child to become the person he or she wants to be. The theories discussed today are here to give you a better understand of Dyslexia and how we are advancing in the field. Please continue to be involved in the process with us and your kid and join our support group and conferences on the topic to support each other better.
I hope this presentation was educational for you. Thank you.