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Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

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Paula Campos

on 29 November 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome is a Italian Civilisation which was established in 753 BC. The Ancient Roman society devoted to, law, politics, art/architecture, literature, religion, warfare and language.

The Romans are still great legends today.
Ancient Greece began to flourish during the 8 century BC. Greeks were also interested in, Politics, Law, God's/Goddesses, Art/Architecture and Religion.

Ancient Greece is one of the most popular civilisations.

Crete is an Island known for the (two) natural disasters that have affected it. Crete is also the birthplace of the Minoan civilisation.
it is appropriate to name Mount Vesuvius as 'The Most Dangerous Volcano On Earth'. In 79 AD when the volcano erupted, many people died or turned to ash. For many years, Pompeii was buried in Italy. The remains are still visible today in Pompeii.
1645 BC: Minoan volcanic eruption, Greece
Volcanic eruption which caused damage on Santorini (Thera/Atlantis) and Crete. It was one of the worst volcanic eruptions to appear at that time. This eruption is probably the cause of the death of the Minoan society.
Religious Effects in Ancient Greece and Rome
This mind-map shows various ways people (in Greece and Rome) have treated the environment through their religion.
Oracles (In Greece)
Greek Oracles is where the Gods/Goddess' speak to the Greeks in a form of a natural disasters or in a special place or time. It is said that the Greeks and Gods would communicate about the future and what would befall Greece - this would sometimes connect with the environment and how the Greeks were expected to manage nature and it's inhabitants.
(Roman) God's and Goddesses'
Many Romans treated their environment by doing what the God's would do (Romans had identical God's as the Greeks). For example, The Tiber River/Island. The Island and River are known for it's sacred stories and miracles. Tiber River/Island is told to be combined with medicine and healing. Therefore, it is no surprise that a temple was built in honor of the God - Aesculapius - of medicine and healing.
Today, the Tiber River and Island is worshiped and given luxury care for it's significance.
Map Of Ancient Rome
Rome is located in the
Northern Hemisphere
Lines Of Latitude and Longitude
Map Of Ancient Greece
Greece is located in the Northern Hemisphere
Lines of Latitude and Longitude
79 AD: The eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Natural Disasters in Crete - Ancient Greece
-The Largest Greek Island
-Fifth Largest Island in the Mediterranean
-Had Ninety Cities

Natural Disasters in Pompeii - Ancient Rome
Both Greeks and Romans believed that nature deserved respect. They believed that nature gave people power.
The animals in Greece and Rome such as Goat and Sheep would produce milk, cheese and wool.
Romans and Greeks knew how to hunt.
Both the Greeks and Romans would use natural resources in order to advance their civilisation.
In Greece the soil wasn't
perfect for growing
However, Greece
had many beautiful
beaches. These
beaches provided
fish that could be
caught and eaten for
any occasion. Greeks also
had many tactics in gaining
food as well as looking
after the environment.
The Romans rich and pure soil earned them plenty of crops.
Romans would grow a variety of fruit and vegetables as well as olives, This proves that the Romans took very good care of their soil and knew how to farm.
Romans were also fond of water and air. Unlike
Greeks the Romans nurtured very clean water.
Pompeii is a Ancient Roman city. Today, it is famous for the unexpected eruption of Mount Vesuvius. It is also a popular tourist attraction.
How did they recover from these natural disasters?
After this natural disaster the Greeks seeing their advantage declared war on the Minoan civilisation.
Since, the Minoans weren't prepared for this attack and so many went down. They had already lost citizens from the eruption of Thera, therefor only a handful of people were available to fight. But, in the end Europe's most popular civilisation was no longer known.

The Greeks having resources renovated what was rightfully their island.
How did they recover from this natural disaster?
Pliny the Elder sent rescue ships, however, many of these ships did not make it to the shores of Pompeii. When reports about the disaster reached Rome, the emperor Titus, immediately sent assistance.

Many slaves were also forced to go back and retrieve what their masters required.

Some didn't make it back and now the remains of
who didn't leave, are visible today.
Trading In Ancient Greece
It is necessary to call Greece 'One Of The World Leaders In Trade'. Trade was certainly a crucial feature in Greece. Greece traded both nationally and internationally.
BARTER was used in those times, before money was discovered.
Athens (Capital City of Greece), port of Piraeus was the most important trading point in the Europe/Mediterranean area. In Athens, you can encounter any and all things (at the markets).
Import and Exports
Imports (city-states): wine, olives, figs, cheese, honey, meat, tools, perfumes and pottery.
Imports (International): wheat, slaves, grain, salt fish, papyrus, wood, spices, textiles, glass, metals, copper, tin, silver and gold.
Exports (International): wine, bronze work, olives/olive oil and marble.
Trade Partners: Sicily/Rome, Egypt, Greek Colonies and Islands
Human Migration
In Greece, the Neolithic Age began from 6800 BC. The Neolithic people would travel because of overpopulation. Many of these people made known pottery and edible crops. They traveled the course of Black sea into Thrace, advancing in Macedonia, Thessaly etc. It was also popular to journey from island to island until reaching Greece. These people made their ground nearby water and free scenery.
The Neolithic Greece people were known to have welcomed farming.

Trading In Ancient Rome
Like Greeks, Romans believed trade was fundamental. Rome, especially needed many things due to the fact that their population was endless.
The Roman Empire used all available trade routes, from sea routes to land routes the possibilities are never-ending.
The most popular port was Ostia, seeing that it is located exactly at the mouth of the Tiber, and was also the closest to Rome.
The Roman Empire also used the BARTER system. Like the Greeks the Romans ensured safe journeys to and from one's destination.
During those days, Trade created peace with the Empire.
So, when the Roman empire collapsed - So did Roman trade.
The Mediterranean then became a much more dangerous place.
Imports and Exports
Imports: meat, corn, metal, pearls, leather, marble, olive oil, perfumes, silk and spices.
Exports: wool, fabric, weapons, tools, olives/olive oil, glassware.
Trading Partners: Spain, France, Greece, Middle East, North Africa and Britain.
Human Migration
The Migration Period (also known as Barbarian Invasions) took place around 300 - 700 CE. People who migrated were usually, Goths, Vandals, Huns, and Saxons. Rome was full around that time since human migration was popular - and Rome was one of the targets. Most people who migrated wanted to take over, but the Roman Empire didn't let that happen.
Trade Routes (Ancient Greece)
Trade Routes (Ancient Rome)
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