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Then to Now, A History of Comics

Lecture 1
by

Andrea Gilroy

on 29 July 2014

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Transcript of Then to Now, A History of Comics

A PRE-HISTORY OF COMICS!
WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, HOW
and maybe WHY
Ancient & Pre-Columbian
Birth of Modern Comics
Middle Ages & Renaissance
The Enlightenment
Heiroglyphics are NOT sequential art. Though it is a series of images meant to be read in a specific order, it is meant to be read as language and not a portrayal of the passage of time.
BUT!
These tomb paintings ARE sequential art
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Rome
Mayan/Mixtec
Mayan/Mixtec codices were folding Books filled with images and hieroglyphic writing. They required reading images and writing together
The Bayeux Tapestry, 1075-1080
Sequential Painting
Broadsheets, 1600s-1700s
Paintings in Series
The Rake's Progress, 1732-33
Political Cartoons
1775
1784
1803
1814
1808
1831
Rodolphe Töppfer
"The Grandfather
Writing and drawing in Switzerland from 1820s-1840s
Satirical stories with images published throughout his lifetime
Schoolmaster, made illustrated novels for his students
Goethe was a big fan
Influential on early cartoonists and comics creators.
of Comics"
1845
Punch! coins the term "cartoon"
1845
1845
1865
1883
Max und Moritz
Ally Sloper's Half Holiday
1890
1884
Chips &
Comics Cuts
Pulitzer purchases
New York World
Sequential Art is art which juxtaposes images in order to portray the passage of time in a specific way.
Artists have attempted to portray the passage of time since at least Ancient Egypt.
BUT WAIT!
Juxtaposed pictorial and other images
in deliberate sequence,
intended to convey information and/or
to produce an aesthetic response in the viewer
What counts as comics?
Rise of the Strip
1893 - "The Little Bears" by Jimmy Swinnerton
William Randolph Hearst's San Francisco Examiner
1895 - Pulitzer's New York World publishes Richard Outcault's first
Hogan's Alley
1895 - Hearst acquires the New York Journal
1896 - Hearst convinces Outcault to leave the World for the Journal. (
$$$
)
He publishes "McFadden's Flats" with Hearst until 1898
1897 - Rudolph Dirks publishes
The Katzenjammer Kids
in Hearst's Journal
1895
1900
Frederick Burr Opper starts
Happy Hooligan
in the Journal (Hearst) in 1900
$
Y
N
D
I
C
A
T
I
O
N
!!
!
In order to recoup the high cost of paying and printing top-quality cartoonists, in 1902 Hearst begins selling publishing rights to newspapers around the nation.
Back at the Journal, Outcault begins a new blockbuster strip:
Buster Brown
.
He figures out licensing this time.
Buster becomes the first national "brand" character. (Buster Brown shoes and apparel are still in operation!)
In 1906, Hearst manages to convince Outcault & Buster to come back to the Journal. Again.
1904 - Winsor McCay publishes
Little Sammy Sneeze
in James Gordon Bennett Jr.'s New York Herald
Guess who got a hold of McCay?
Yup, Hearst and the New York American.
Where, in 1905, McCay began publishing
Little Nemo in Slumberland
.
Nemo
was never massively popular, but it was very influential on the next generation of comic artists.
1907
The first daily strip
The strip started as
A. Mutt
in the San Francisco Chronicle--in the sports section! Mutt would make bets on horse races.
In 1908, Hearst acquired the strip for his San Francisco Examiner, where it was renamed
Mutt and Jeff
.
The strip inspired stage shows, film strips, and cartoons; it ran in newspapers until 1982.
1910
In 1910 George Herriman begins a strip called
The Dingbat Family
in Hearst's New York Journal
In 1913 Herriman gives Ignatz and Krazy their own strip, one of the most beloved and respected comic strips of all time:
Krazy Kat
.
George McManus's
Bringing Up Father
also debuts in 1913.
It runs in newspapers across the US until May 28, 2000.
Frank King's
Gasoline Alley
debuts in 1918. It's still running...with more than 90 years, it is the second longest running strip in history.
1920s and 30s
Popular Characters
Birth of the Adventure Strip
Comic Strips (-) Gags (+) Sci Fi/Adventure Pulps =
The Adventure Strip!
1929
1934
1938
Gutenberg's Printing Press begins operation
1450
by 1600, the Gutenberg-style press is a common sight throughout Europe, leading to a massive increase in production of books and the creation of newspapers.
Full transcript