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Basic Essay Introduction

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Mel Janousek

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Basic Essay Introduction

Essay An essay is a piece of academic writing containing
mulitiple paragraphs. Five Paragraph Essay The basic outline of a five paragraph essay is:

Opening paragraph
Body paragraph
Body paragraph
Body paragraph
Concluding paragraph Each paragraph in your essay should have an opening sentence that introduces the paragraph. The opening paragraph will have a "thesis statement" usually located at the "end" of the paragraph. The thesis statement will focus the reader on the specific topic and ideas that will be covered in the essay. Let us go piece by piece through this basic structure to examine the elements of this style.


The Introduction consists of an opening line. This opening line can be a generalization that pertains to your topic. It can also be a quotation. Another segway into the introduction is to start it with a question. By "breaking the ice" so to speak with the reader, you are luring him or her into the rest of your essay, making it accessible and intriguing. Once you have "introduced" the introductory paragraph with a generalization, quotation, or question, you can write vaguely for a few sentences or simply jump into the crust of the topic. When you feel you are ready to introduce the specific focus of the essay, then you write the thesis statement. The thesis statement should generally come at the end of the introductory paragraph. Essentially, the thesis statement is your tagline for the essay and the final sentence of the Introduction. Example Opening Paragraph with the Thesis Statement

Enjoying Your Camping Trip

Each year, thousands of people throughout the United States choose to spend their vacations camping in the great outdoors. Depending on an individual's sense of adventure, there are various types of camping to choose from including: log cabin camping, recreational vehicle camping, and tent camping. Of these, tent camping involves roughing it the most, and with proper planning, the experience can be gratifying. Even with the best planning, tent camping can be an extremely frustrating experience due to uncontrolled factors such as bad weather, wildlife encounters, and equipment failures.

*Note – Because the body of your essay will have “three” paragraphs, your thesis statement should include the “three items" you are going to be writing about that connect to your overall topic. Example thesis statements:

To protect themselves against identity theft, consumers should understand how identity thieves work, guard their personal information, and learn how to fight back.

Mars is a very unusual planet in our solar system because of its atmosphere, terrain, and rotation process.

There have been many famous New York Yankee baseball players over the years, but three of the most remembered are Babe Ruth, Lou Gehring, and Mickey Mantle.

There are several jobs in the movie industry that are not well known; three of these are the gaffer, the best boy, and the gopher. Our first essay will be an "informative" essay. Body Paragraph One

The Body Paragraph One should open with a transitional/topic sentence. It should lead the reader into the first piece of information you use to support your thesis statement. It is essentially a mini-thesis for the paragraph. From the transitional/topic sentence, you can go on to cite evidence to support your argument. This evidence must all revolve around a single theme. If you put too many different themes into one body paragraph, then the essay becomes confusing. Body Paragraph One will deal with one theme for your topic. You may have several pieces of information to support this one topic, which is absolutely fine. Once you use a piece of information, be sure and write at least one or two sentences explaining why you use it. Then, wrap up this body paragraph with a mini-concluding sentence summing up only what you have discussed in that paragraph. Body Paragraph Two

Body Paragraph Two should follow the exact same rules as Body Paragraph One. This time, pick the second topic in support of your thesis statement and cite evidence for it. Again, you must open this paragraph with a transitional/topic sentence; one leading from the previous topic to the current topic. Body Paragraph Three

Body Paragraph Three should follow the exact same rules as Body Paragraph One and Two. Again, you must open this paragraph with a transitional/topic sentence; one leading from the previous topic to the current topic. Conclusion

Your conclusion is a wrap-up of the entire essay. You should be writing your conclusion with the belief that you have given enough information in the body of your essay. You should end your conclusion with a statement that reflects back to your thesis statement; however, don’t just restate the thesis statement. Here is a diagram of the basic essay guidelines.


2.Explanation of opening, leading into thesis statement
3.Thesis Statement
Specific topic of your essay
Three specific areas you will cover in your essay Body Paragraph (each body paragraph should follow this basic process)

1.Transitional/topic sentence
2.Statement of information
3.Statement of information
4.Statement of information
5.Statement of information
6.Concluding sentence

1.Transitional/topic sentence wrapping up paper
Return to original anecdote/quotation/generalization
Restatement of your thesis statement
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