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The Hobbit

J.R.R. Tolkein

Samuel Hay

on 12 January 2013

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Transcript of The Hobbit

A Novel by J.R.R Tolkein The Hobbit
There and Back Again 'An Unexpected Party' 'Riddles in the Dark' Gollum 'Flies and Spiders' Mirkwood Plot Characters Protagonist Plot Hobbiton Bilbo Baggins is a hobbit who lives in the Shire of 'Middle Earth'.
Then Gandalf appears on his doorstep with a company of dwarves, led by Thorin Oakenshield, that are seeking the treasures of their ancestors which were stolen by Smaug, a dragon.
They ask Bilbo for his help and reluctantly he agrees. The Journey to the Lonely Mountain 'Roast Mutton' The First Stage of their Journey Soon after, Bilbo is off on his adventure - and regretting it. He wants to be back in his hobbit hole safe and sound. Before long they encounter their first danger - trolls. Bilbo's Journey across Middle Earth 'A Short Rest' Rivendell Finally they reach safety in the secret elven valley of Rivendell.
After speaking with Elrond, the master of Rivendell, the company discover a map that tells of a secret entrance into the Lonely Mountain, leading them into the dragons hoard. 'Over Hill and Under Hill' The Misty Mountains and the High Pass After leaving the security of Rivendell the company's next challenge is to scale the Misty Mountains. Whilst sleeping on the mountainside they are captured by goblins.
The dwarves succeed in escaping from the goblins' caves but in turn succeed in losing Bilbo in the dark! Bilbo is left alone in the dark. He stumbles upon a ring and puts it in his pocket.
He then comes across Gollum and is challenged to a game of riddles..
He wins and tries to escape but Gollum pursues him speaking about his 'precious'. Absentmindedly Bilbo puts on the ring and it makes him INVISIBLE! Bilbo then escapes from the Goblins and joins his friends. Antagonist Minor
Characters There is one more danger that lies in store for Bilbo - Mirkwood! The most secretive and dangerous forest in Middle Earth. The company, whilst walking, are captured by wood elves and are taken to their castle. Fortunately Bilbo manages to evade capture and rescues his friends.
They then proceed to Lake Town to save the people from Smaug's wrath. The Lonely Mountain 'Fire and Water' Bilbo's House Finally they reach Smaug's domain but there is one problem - a dragon!
Bilbo is sent in to investigate....
Convinced that the lake people are in cahoots with the company of dwarves Smaug goes on a rampage.
However this does not go well for Smaug as he is defeated in battle. Complications... 'The Clouds Burst' Hearing of the downfall of smaug, the goblins come for the treasure of the dwarves' ancestors to claim it for themselves.
A great battle takes place:
'The Battle of 5 Armies' Gandalf
Bilbo (and the ring)
the dwarves
the lake people the goblins 'The Battle of 5 Armies' The dwarves The people of Hobbiton Gandalf the Grey The wood elves The men of Dale Static Static Static Static Dynamic - They become more outgoing. Bilbo
Baggins Bilbo speaks very formally and with a high voice but he is not very opinionated. During 'The Hobbit' Bilbo becomes more adventurous and outgoing, after he proves to himself that he is resourceful, fast-thinking and intelligent. Bilbo is very well thought of and respected:
"This hobbit was a very well-to-do hobbit, and his name was Baggins. The Bagginses had lived in the neighbourhood of The Hill for time out of mind, and people considered them very respectable, not only because most of them were rich, but also because they never had any adventures or did anything unexpected". (page 3, lines 22-27) Bilbo is hired as a burglar by 'Thorin & Co.' He helps recapure the treasure of 'The Lonely Mountain' from Smaug. During the quest he comes into possession of 'The One Ring' (Which plays a big part in the Lord of the Rings). Smaug Smaug is a static character. He has the same opinions and personality throughout. Smaug is not very well thought of. "The few of us that were well outside sat and wept in hiding, and cursed Smaug ....." (page 23, paragraph 2) Smaug has stolen the dwarves
home and treasure. He also murders people of the neighbouring villages. "routed out all the halls and lanes and tunnels, alleys, cellars, mansions and passages." (page 23, paragraph 1) Smaug speaks very formally and in riddles. His voice is very commanding. He is very sneaky with words, managing to play his enemies off against each other. '"Revenge!" he snarled, and the light of his eyes lit the hall from floor to ceiling....... "Revenge!" (page 203, paragraph 3) Setting Description That extract has a big impact because: Middle Earth Middle Earth The Hobbit is set in a mythical land called 'Middle Earth'. The setting feels real because of the use of vivid description. ‘In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, filled with the ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a hobbit-hole, and that means comfort.
It had a perfectly round door like a porthole, painted green, with a shiny yellow brass knob in the exact middle. The door opened on to a tube-shaped hall like a tunnel: a very comfortable tunnel without smoke, with panelled walls, and floors tiled and carpeted, provided with polished chairs, and lots and lots of pegs for hats and coats – the hobbit was fond of visitors. The tunnel wound on and on , going fairly but not quite straight into the side of the hill – The Hill, as all the people for many miles round called it – and many little round doors opened out of it, first on one side and then on another. No going upstairs for the hobbit: bedrooms, bathrooms, cellars, pantries (lots of these), wardrobes (he had whole rooms devoted to clothes), kitchens, dining-rooms, all were on the same floor, and indeed on the same passage. The best rooms were all on the left-hand side (going in), for these were the only ones to have windows, deep-set round windows looking over his garden, and meadows beyond, sloping down to the river.’
This hobbit was a very well-to-do hobbit, and his name was Baggins.
(page 3, lines 1-23) Descriptive Passage It describes:
It uses interesting language and phrasing. J.R.R. Tolkein John Ronald Reual Tolkien was born in 1892, in South Africa. After three years, he returned to England with his mother, Mabel. His father died 1 year later. His early childhood was happy; he was brought up in the Warwickshire countryside and many people think that this was used as the basis for
the Shire, in The Hobbit and
The Lord of the Rings. At the start of WWI, J.R.R. Tolkien decided to finish off his degree before enlisting in the army in 1916, joining the Lancashire fusiliers. He hardly ever talked about his experiences, but the war will probably have influenced
his writing in some way.
Perhaps the imagery for Mordor (where Sauron in the Lord of the Rings is based) may have been thought up on the Western Front.

Back in England, in 1917, J.R.R Tolkien began working on "The Silmarillion". “The Silmarillion”, is the focal point of Tolkien’s mythology. The Silmarillion depicts the history of Middle Earth and is written like a history book. In 1904, when Tolkein was 12, his
mum died from diabetes and this
greatly affected him.

After his mum’s death, he was brought up by the family’s catholic priest, Father Francis Morgen.

J.R.R. Tolkien was intelligent and from an early age he had an unusual interest in languages, studying Greek, Anglo Saxon and, later at Oxford, Finnish. A year later he won a scholarship to Exeter College Oxford, where he would study classics. John did not think he was doing very well in this subject so decided to switch to English literature. It was in Oxford where he became fascinated with Finnish, a language which formed the basis for ‘Quenya’, a language which he would invent for the elves in his books.

This interest in languages remained with Tolkien throughout his life; in particular, he began developing his own languages! He later commented that languages were at the heart of his books. He actually said that he wrote the books to provide an opportunity to use these languages. It was after 1930 that Tolkien started
writing The Hobbit.
When marking an exam paper, he wrote in the margins of the paper the words: “In a hole in the ground lived a hobbit.” Unlike the Silmarillion, the Hobbit was a simple fairy tale and
adventure for children.
Due to the success of the hobbit, J.R.R. Tolkien was encouraged to write a sequel. Over a long period of time, J.R.R. Tolkien began writing
the Lord of the Rings.
Tolkien, became a well-known person and the Lord of the Rings soon become known as the most popular book of all time. His wife, Edith, died in 1971 and J.R.R.Tolkien died a couple of years later in 1973. After his death, his books increased in popularity and sales.
Even before the release of the Lord of the Rings' films, the book, "Lord of the Rings" was often voted the best loved book of all time.
His son, Christopher Tolkien, carefully went through all his manuscripts and published several histories of Middle Earth, including various early drafts of stories and histories. Pros Cons Narrative Voice 3rd Person The narrator describes the thoughts and feelings of all characters.
The story is told from an un-biased point of view. The reader does not get as attached to the protagonist. Bilbo's Confidence Quest Good vs Evil Power and Greed Themes The Hobbit Bilbo grows in confidence, from being shy and unambitious to brave and heroic. The quest is the journey to regain the treasure from Smaug. good fighting with evil and winning characters such as the dwarves who want more power and wealth Thank You For Listening Any Questions? Gollum Static Will Bilbo ever go home? Who Will Win?

Read on to Find out... Film
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