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Euthanasia Research Project
Transcript of Euthanasia Research Project
Different forms of Euthanasia include:
1.Passive euthanasia- speeding up death of person by withdrawing some form of life support & letting nature take its course
Remove life support equipment
Stopping medical procedures, medications, etc.
Stopping water & food supply
Not delivering CPR
Most common- giving morphine to patient to control pain but causing a sooner death (given to people who are terminally ill or in a vegetative state)
2.Active euthanasia- causing death through direct action with response to a request from that person, mercy killing
3.Physician assisted suicide- physician supplies info and/or means of committing suicide- example: lethal dose of sleeping pills, carbon monoxide gas The terminally ill should not have to endure needless pain and suffering, therefore Euthanasia should be legalized. What Is It? The Push For Euthanasia Recognizing the BIG Picture Many terrible fates can befall people. Among these are terminal diseases that are characterized by steady deterioration until death. These and other conditions can cause people many indignities, reducing people to a state of either minimal consciousness or unconsciousness. Some people desperately want to avoid these fates.
Those who would like to take their own lives might not wish to subject others to finding and removing their mutilated remains, and they might fear that alternative suicide methods could fail, leaving them in a still worse situation.
Thus there are occasions when people who want to die either need or prefer the help of others, especially health care professionals. There are some such professionals who would be willing to provide this assistance in some circumstances, but are legally prohibited from doing so. This imposes a severe burden on those who would rather die and constitutes a serious restriction of their freedom. Framework Involving Euthanasia The Comission on Assisted Dying today identifies a possible legal framework for the issue of Euthanasia. The framework proposes that a person who has an illness from which two doctors consider he or she will die within 12 months, could receive assistance from their doctor to end their life if certain safeguards were met, without the assister committing a crime.
The doctors must be satisfied that:
The person is aware of all the available social and medical help
The person is making the decision voluntarily, and with full capacity
No other person nor a asense of being a burden is unduly pressuring the person to commit auicide
There is no treatable mental condition that might alleviate the suicidal wish
The suicide will be carried out as humanely as possible
By introducing a humane and supported way for people to end their lives, while continuing to improve end-of-life care, it can be ensured that every person is able to die in a way that is best for them. Oregon Law Oregon law strictly prohibits legal injection, mercy killing, or active euthanasia. But it allows mentally competent adults who declare their intentions in writing, and have been diagnosed as terminally ill, to take a doctor prescribed lethal drug themselves, orally, after a waiting period. Further Physician-Assisted Suicide in the U.S. Montana has become the third state to legalize physician-assisted suuicide.
A divided supreme court ruled that neither state law nor public policy prevented doctors from prescribing lethal drugs to terminally ill patients.
The Montana Supreme Court has now recognized that, where intensely personal and private choices regarding end-of-life care are involved, Montana law entrusts those decisions to the individuals whose lives are at stake, NOT the government. A person suffering from a terminal illness who is likely to die within 12 months, is of sound mind and has a settled intention to die should have the choice of an assisted death It is not the state’s business to force somebody to continue living when he would rather die. Put more generally, the state exceeds its authority when it prohibits purportedly immoral conduct to which only consenting adults are party. Switzerland has the most liberal laws in european assisted suicide; the clinic, Dignitas, has already helped more than 100 Britons to die! Below: This is the moment a man with motor neurone disease kills himself at a suicide clinic in Switzerland. There is no credible evidence to suggest that decriminalizing assisted suicide will lead to higher raets of suicide! Matters of choosing Euthanasia involve what the patient determines to be a "good death"- some people see a good death as one in which you endure pain and others prefer no pain at all. Euthanasia In India India's Supreme Court laid out guidelines for the use of Euthanasia in extreme situations involving terminally ill patients. As outlined, passive euthanasia is allowed in exceptional cases after a review by medical experts and approval of the high court. However, active euthanasia, is not allowed, the court said. Supporters of euthanasia contend that it is a humane way for terminally ill patients to end their pain and suffering. They contend individuals should be given the right to end their lives Debbie Purdy A woman named Debbie Purdy, who has progressive multiple sclerosis, plans to kill herself in one of Switzerland's suicide clinics if her suffering becomes too much to bear. Wanting to be accompanied by her husband, but fearful he could be prosecuted, she sued, demanding to be told by law enforcement ahead of time whether he would face charges. The resulting British guidelines declared that assisted suicides of people with a terminal illness, a severe incurable disability, or a severe degenerative physical condition, should not be prosecuted if the assister was a close friend or relative of the deceased, was motivated by compassion, and the victim had a clear, settled, and informed wish to commit suicide. In Britain the recently appointed ‘voice of older people,’ Joan Bakewell, says Parliament should look again at a proposed law that would give doctors the legal right to prescribe a fatal dose of drugs to terminally ill patients. The 75-year-old says she does not think elderly people, including herself, should be kept alive for as long as possible just because it has become possible, especially if they become ‘a vegetable.’ Anderson, Hugh. “The Push For Euthanasia Could Be The Death Of Us All.” Gazette (Montreal
Canada). 30 March 2009: A16. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
“Assisted Dying Review Selects Those Who Could End Their Life.” The Independent. 05
January 2012: 12. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
“Assisted Suicide in the U.K.: From Crime to Right?” Hastings Center Report (Vol. 40, No. 3).
May/June 2012: 0_3. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
Benatar, David. “A Legal Right to Die IS Long Overdue.” Cape Times. 04 November 2011: 11.
Sirs Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
Falconer, Charles. “A Better Way To Die: The Assisted Dying Law Is Incoherent.” The
Guardian. 05 January 2012: 28. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 20 February 2012
Hirsch, Afua, and Robert Booth. “CPS Will Not Prosecute Relatives Who Help The Terminally
Ill to Die.” The Guardian (London, England). 10 December 2008: 1. SIRS Issues
Researcher. Web. 21 February 2012
Homola, Victor. “Top Court In Germany Approves Right to Die.” International Herald Tribune
(Paris, France). 26 June 2010: 3. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
Kennedy, Brendan. “Allow Assisted Suicide, Expert on Law, Health Urges Canada.” Ottawa
Citizen (Ottawa, Canada). 25 March 2009: C.1. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 20 February 2012
Knickerbocker, Brad. “Montana Becomes Third State To Legalize Physician- Assisted Suicide.”
Christian Science Monitor. 02 January 2009 n.p. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February
Magnier, Mark. “Indian Court Issues Euthanasia Guidelines.” Los Angeles Times. 08 March
2011: A.3. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web 20 February 2012
ProQuest Staff. “At Issue: Euthanasia.” ProQuest LLC. 2012: n.pag. SIRS Issues Researcher.
Web. 08 February 2012
Rice-Oxley, Mark. “Britain Removes Some Hurdles to Assisted Suicide.” Christian Science
Monitor. 23 September 2009: n.p. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
Smith, Wesley J. “Abandoning the Most Vulnerable.” Weekly Standard (Vol.15, No. 4). 12
October 2009: 18. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 08 February 2012
Verkaik, Robert. “Assisted Suicide Rules Fail to Settle Debated.” The Independent (London,
England). 26 February 2010: 10. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 21 February 2012
Whitehorn, Katharine. “How to Die ‘the Oregon Way’.” The Guardian (London, England). 13
October 2008: 4. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 21February 2012