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Jessica Tran

on 22 April 2015

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Transcript of Perspective

What is Perspective?
Perspective is a term that refers to the illusion of three dimensional space on a two-dimensional picture plane.

How this works for art
Perspective is usually implied or created using two different approaches: Linear or Atmospheric

Typically the picture plane (or surface of paper/image) is broken down in to three zones
- Background
-Middleground / Ground

Linear Perspective
This is the technique of using lines in drawing and painting to create the illusion of depth on an otherwise flat surface.
Atmospheric Perspective
This is the effect of air and light on how an object is perceived by the viewer. The more air between the viewer and the object, the more the object seems to fade. A bright object seems closer to the viewer than a dull object.

Points of Perspective
The 'point' in perspective always refers to the
vanishing point

Vanishing point
- a location where receding lines viewed in perspective seem to converge.
1 Point Perspective
1 point perspective only has one vanishing point along the horizon line. Typically this is considered to be 'eye level' to the viewer
2 Point Perspective
Starts with two vanishing points along the horizon line or eye level, usually spaced further apart.
3 Point Perspective
This is where there are three visual vanishing points, two along the horizon, and one either above or below eye level. Above eye level is sometime called 'worm's eye view' and below eye level is called 'bird's eye view'
& The Grid
Parts of the Picture Plane
The most commonly used perspectives in art are:

1 Point Perspective
2 Point Perspective
3 Point Perspective
Methods of Perspective
There are 6 methods to imply perspective in art:
Size Overlapping

Placement Detail

Color Converging Lines
Size and Placement
Color and Overlapping
Detail and Converging Lines
Converging Lines
Student Examples
Glass House - Philip Johnson - 1949 - New Canaan, Connecticut
Dancing House -Frank Ghery and Vlado Milunic -1996 - Prague, Czech Republic

Falling Water - Frank Lloyd Wright - 1935 - Bear Run, Pennsylvania
Full transcript