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LECTURE 2: CAUSES OF INTERSTATE WAR

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Todd Robinson UIUC

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of LECTURE 2: CAUSES OF INTERSTATE WAR

LECTURE 2: CAUSES OF INTERSTATE WAR
What is War?
Levy and Thompson (2010) define it as sustained, coordinated violence between political organizations
Interstate - Conflict between states (>1000 battle deaths)
Intrastate - Conflict within states
The Study
of War
-IR Theory & Interstate War
-War as an outcome
-War as a strategy (Vasquez 1993)
-Characteristics of War
Bloodiest Wars in History (>1,000,000 deaths)
World War II (1939-1945) - 20,000,000
World War I (1914-1918) - 8,500,000
Thirty Years War (1618-1648) - 2,071,000
Napoleonic War (1803-1815) - 1,869,000
War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713) - 1,324,300
Korean War (1950-1953) - 1,200,000
Vienam War (1965-1973) - 1,200,000
Crusades (1095-1272) - 1,000,000
Notable Scholars of War Throughout History
Thucydides (460-395 BC) - First historical description of war, earliest precursor of modern realism
Sun Tzu (544-496 BC)- Strategies of war, argued that anyone, even women, could be taught to be effective soldiers if properly motivated and trained
Karl von Clausewitz (1832) - The Fog of War


Case Study - WWI
Immediate Causes - The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Strategic Causes
Territory
Alliances
Power Transitions
Case Study - The Cold War (The War that Wasn't)
Confrontation (1945-1969)
Coexistence (1963-1969)
Detente (1969-1979)
Escalation (1979-1985)
Resolution (1985-1990)
IR Theory & War
Realism and War
Power Transitions
Balancing Behavior
Liberalism and War
Rational Choice Models of War
Bargaining Models of War

War As An Outcome
Immediate Causes of War
War Initiation (COW)
War Escalation (MIDS)
Proximate Causes of War
Territory (Senese and Vasquez 2008)
Rivalry (Goertz and Diehl 2001)
Ideological Differences
Regime Type
War as a Strategy
Builds on the work of Clausewitz by suggesting that War is an extension of politics
War as a learned behavior (issue-based approach)
Trends in War (1946-2011)
Characteristics of War
Severity
Duration
Participants
Initiators
Joiners
Issue area
Who escalates?
Full transcript