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LIHAM NI PINAY MULA SA BRUNEI

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Jezzel Acosta

on 30 March 2017

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Transcript of LIHAM NI PINAY MULA SA BRUNEI

SYMBOLIC
APPROACH

Ruth Elynia S. Mabanglo
Born: March 30, 1949 in Manila
Father: Fortunado Mabanglo
Mother: Miguela Mabanglo
PSYCHOLOGICAL
APPROACH

*1992 Selected "Most Outstanding Alumna" of Manuel L. Quezon University School of Graduate Studies on the occasion of its 45th Foundation Loyalty Day, December 10.

*1997 National Award of Recognition, for the promotion of Filipino (language and literature) through the innovative teaching of Tagalog and the continuous writing/publishing of quality Tagalog works outside of the Philippines. Commission on Filipino, Republic of the Philippines, August 19.

* 1996 Presidential Citation for Meritorious Teaching, University of Hawaii at Manoa, April 26.

LIHAM NI PINAY MULA SA BRUNEI
By: Ruth Elynia S. Mabanglo

Education:

- 1969, Degree in Filipino from the University of the East.

- 1980, Filipino language and Literature Master's degree from Philippine Normal College.

- 1985,Doctrate in Filipino and Literature from Manuel L. Quezon University
ACHIEVEMENTS
2000 Award of Recognition for Literary Achievements, Writers Union of the Philippines (Unyon ng mga Manunulat sa Pilipinas), August 26.

1998 Third Prize, Epic Isang Kasal: Isang Kakintalan" (Wedding Night, An Awakening), Talaang Ginto sa Tula, INL, April 2.

Honorable Mention, Poetry, "Anibersaryo: Tagpo at Alaala" (Anniversary: Scene and Memory), Talaang Ginto sa Tula, INL, April 2.



FORMALIST
APPROACH

I. Characters:

Method of characterization:
Indirect or Dramatic Method

1. According to roles played

a.) Major Characters:
Protagonist- Nanay
Antagonist- Tatay




Plot
A.Introduction

Setting:
Bahay
School
Bar
Brunei

1st Prize, One-Act Play, " Ang Pilipinisasyon ni Suan",
(The Filipinization of Suan), CCP, August 20.

1996 Second Prize, Poetry. "Awit kay Jose Rizal" (Song for
Jose Rizal), Talaang Ginto sa Tula (Golden List of Poems),
Commission on Filipino, Republic of the Philippines, April 2

1995 Hall of Fame, Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for
Literature
1st prize, Poetry (Filipino Division), "Bayan ng Lunggati, Bayan ng Pighati" (Land of Aspiration, Land of Lamentation), Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature (CPMAL).

1992 "Makata ng Taon" (Poet of the Year) for the poem "Gahasa" (Rape), Commission on Filipino, April 2.

1987 1st Prize, Poetry (Filipino Division), "Mga Liham ni Pinay at Iba Pang Tula" (The Letters of Pinay), CPMAL, September 1.

1984 3rd Prize, Three-Act Play (Filipino Division), "Mga Puntod" (The Graves), CPMAL

1983 1st Prize, Three-Act Play (Filipino Division), "Mga Abong Pangarap" (Aborted Dreams), CPMAL

1980 3rd Prize, One-Act Play (Filipino Division), "Awiyao", CPMAL

1979 3rd Prize, Poetry (Filipino Division), "21: Mga Tula" (21 Poems), CPMAL
1978 2nd Prize, Poetry, "Ang Pag-ibig ay Di Kasal" (Love is not the Wedding), Talaang Ginto sa Tula (Golden List of Poems), Institute of National Language (INL), April 2.

1977 Honorable Mention, Poetry, "Regla at Iba Pang Tula" (Menstruation and Other Poems), Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP), December 5.
1st Honorable Mention, Poetry, "Abenida: Sanghapo't Sanggabi" (Avenue: One Night and One Afternoon), Talang Ginto sa Tula, INL, April 2.1975 Special Award, Poetry, SUPLING: Mga Tula (Child: Poems), CCP, July 20.

2nd Prize, Poetry, "Makiling at Iba Pang Tula" (Makiling and Other Poems), Samahang Balagtas (Balagtas Association and INL, April 2.
1973 1st Prize, One-Act Play (Filipino Division), "Si Jesus at si Magdalena" (Jesus and Magdalene), CPMAL, September 1.

1967 1st Prize, Short Story, "Mga Tuyong Dahon" (Dry Leaves), Liwayway, Liwayway Publishing Co., Inc., December 5.

3rd Prize, Poetry (Filipino Division), "Dalitpuri at Iba Pang Tula" (Song Offering and Other Poems), CPMAL, September 1.
BIOGRAPHICAL
APPROACH

- Gender Inequality

GENDER
APPROACH

- WOMEN SUBJUGATION
* Subjugation- action of bringing someone or something under domination or control.
- Liham

READER-
RESPONSE
APPROACH

-kape

-galunggong
at saluyot
-sigarilyo
- make-up ( Lipstick, Pabango, Pulbos)
- Rape

- gender stereotypes

*Abuse- can occur to anyone of any age and gender and from any walk of life. It can take the form of physical battery, emotional bullying, psychological coercion, sexual abuse, or neglect.

*Gender stereotyping is defined as over generalization of characteristics, differences and attributes of a certain group based on their gender.
SOCIOLOGICAL
APPROACH

- Marital Rape
* Marital rape- rape committed by the person to whom the victim is married.
- OFW ( Overseas Filipino Workers)

- Domestic Violence
- Child abuse
INTERTEXTUAL
APPROACH

2. According to fullness of development
a.Flat- None
b. Round- Nanay, Tatay

3. According to changes underogne in the story
a. Static- None
b. Developing/ Dynamic- Tatay, Nanay

-Martyr Complex/ Codependency
* Martyr Complex-is present when a person routinely emphasizes, exaggerates, and creates a negative experience in order to place blame, guilt, and sorrow on another person.
-Tinapay
- Kumot
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross

5 stages of grieving/ "On Death and Dying"

1. Denial
2. Bargaining
3. Despair
4. Anger
5. Acceptance
http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-a-martyr-complex-definition-psychology-treatment.html
Liham ni Pinay mula sa Kuwait
Similarities w/ Brunei

Difference w/ Brunei
Liham ni Pinay mula sa Japan
Similarities w/ Brunei
Differences w/ Brunei
Liham ni Pinay mula sa Singapore
Similarities w/ Brunei
Differences w/ Brunei
Liham ni Pinay mula sa Australia
Similarities w/ Brunei
Differences w/ Brunei
Liham ni Pinay mula sa HongKong
Similarities w/ Brunei
Differences w/ Brunei
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/subjugation
-Gender Stereotyping
https://nobullying.com/gender-stereotypes/
Personality Traits: Women are supposed to be shy, passive and submissive. Women are organized and clean. Men are expected to be tough, aggressive, dominant and self-confident. Men are lazy and messy.
Domestic Behaviors: Women are supposed to cook and do housework. Women are better at raising children. Stay-at-home mothers are better than working mothers. On the other hand: Men are better at household repairs. Men cannot cook, sew or care for their children. Men always tell their wives what to do.
https://nobullying.com/gender-stereotypes/
https://nobullying.com/gender-stereotypes/
Occupations: Women are supposed to have “clean” jobs such as teachers, nurses, secretaries and librarians. Women are supposed to make less money than men. Women are not politicians. Women cannot be presidential candidates. On the other hand: Men are supposed to have “dirty jobs” like mechanics, construction workers, plumbers and engineering. Men are better doctors.Men are supposed to be in charge at work and should make more money than women. Men are better politicians.
https://nobullying.com/gender-stereotypes/
https://www.helpguide.org/home-pages/abuse.htm
-Abuse
asianjournal.com/galing-pinoy/dr-ruth-elynia-a-mabanglo-multi-awarded-poet-and-presidential-awardee/
hawaiii.edu/~mabanglo/vitae.html
CAREER
Teaching/Coordinating for the Southeast Asian Studies Summer Institute (SEASSI):

~1988-1990: All level (Undergrad/Grad Level) of Filipino to native speakers, Manuel L. Quezon University-Manila

~1985-1988: All level (Undergrad/Grad Level) of Filipino to native speakers, De La Salle University-Manila

~1990-2003: All levels of Filipino as a second language, UH Manoa
~1995-Present: Philippine Literature/Fil Courses using English as medium of instruction (IP 363, IP 396, IP 431, IP 368B)

~Summer 1996: Teacher/Program Coordinator for Filipino, Arizona State University

~Summer 1999: Teacher/Program Coordinator for Filipino, University of Oregon-Eugene
Teaching for the US Department of Defense:

~Fall 1990: Intermediate Filipino (10 weeks, four skills)

~Summer 1991: Intermediate Filipino (10 weeks)

~Summer 1995: Filipino 303 (Accelerated Filipino)

~Summer 1997: Filipino 303 (Accelerated Advanced Filipino)

~Summer 2003: Filipino 303 (Accelerated Reading & Listening in Filipino)
Advanced Filipino Abroad Program:

~Summer 1994-1998: Project Co-Director, University of the Philippines-Los Banos

~Summer 2000-2001: Project Co-Director, Philippine Normal University

~Summer 2002: Project Director, De La Salle University-Manila

~Summer 2004-2006: Project Co-Director, De La Salle University-Manila
UH Manoa Filipino and Philippine Literature Program:

~1990-1993: Visiting Associate Professor

~1993-2001 Associate Professor

~2001-Present: Coordinator
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~mabanglo/index.html
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~mabanglo/index.html
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~mabanglo/index.html
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~mabanglo/index.html
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~mabanglo/index.html
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=202639&page=192
Main Characters:
Nanay
Tatay

B.Complication/Rising Action:
Conflict:
Man vs. Man- Nanay vs. Tatay
Man vs. Himself - Nanay vs. Herself
-
D. Resolution/Falling Action
-" Nagpapadala ng dolyar at pasalubong
Nakahihinga na ako ngayon ng maluwag,"

E. Conclusion/End
-" Bayaang lalaki ang maglb ng kumot "

III. Point of view:
First person point of view
C. Climax
-" Iyo't iyon din ang ruta ng araw-araw
Kabagutang nakalatag sa kahabaan
Ng bahay at paaralan, ng kusina't higaan.
May karapatan ba akong magmukmok?"

Ang tula ay tungkol sa isang pinay na nangarap na umasenso ngunit siya ay na abuso at nabuntis ng isang arabo sa kuwait.

- Sexually Abused
- Woman
- OFW

-Sexually Abused
-sa isang arabo
-Asawa
-walang asawa
-Buhay sa Abroad
-naging isang masamang babae sa mata
ng mga tao.
Ang tula ay tungkol sa isang babaeng ginagamit ang kanyang talento sa pagkanta at pagsayaw upang kumita ng pera ngunit ito ay nagbago noong siya ay nangibang bansa.
-OFW
-Parehong gusto kumita ng pera
-Parehong inabuso ang pagkababae

-Pagkanta at pagsayaw ang pinagkakakitaan
-Naloko siya
-Tinulungan siya ng ate niya upang mangibang bansa
-Hindi naging marangal ang trabaho niya sa ibang bansa
Mayroong isang pinay na nagpunta ng Hongkong upang makapahanap buhay. Nakapag trabaho bilang isang katulong.
- parehong nangibang bansa para magkapag hanapbuhay

- parehong inabuso
- Walang asawa ang pinay mula sa Hongkong

- Hindi siya pinanindigan
"Kung ibig mo akong makilala, lumippad ka haggang utak, sumisid ka hanggang buto, umilanglang ka hanggang kaluluwa, hubad ako roon mula ulo hanggang paa."
hawaiii.edu/~mabanglo/vitae.html
Isang pinay na piniling mangibang bansa para ma-iahon ang pamilya sa kahirapan.
-OFW
-Nangibang bansa para tustusan ang pamilya
-Pagkamit ng kalayaan
-Pagmamahal ng pamilya
-Dahilan ng pagpunta
At young age, Ruth's mother passed away.
https://www.google.com.ph/search?q=heaven&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjE94SOvPnSAhUFtY8KHVYQBUAQ_AUIBigB&biw=1366&bih=662#tbm=isch&q=mother+and+child+heart+shape&*&imgrc=sxk-PN16DhxfQM:
-OFW
-Married
-Depressed
-Abused
- Life in other country
- How their husband treat them
Isang pinay na nangibang bansa upang mag trabaho ngunit siyang binubugbog siya ng kanyang amo.

Some researchers estimate that nearly two million marital rapes occur each year and that this form of rape is more common than both stranger and acquaintance rape. Marital rape is any sexual activity coerced from a wife unwilling to perform it. 10% to 14% of married women have been raped by their partners and that marital rape accounts for about 25% of all rapes.

https://www.libraryindex.com/pages/2057/Rape-Sexual-Harassment-Around-World-MARITAL-RAPE.html
About 4000 women die each year due to domestic violence75% of the victims were killed as they attempted to leave the relationship or after the relationship had ended.More than 3 women are murdered by their husbands or partners
Domesticabuseshelter.org
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/middle-east/kuwait/
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/asia/japan/
http://www.mapsofworld.com/singapore/map.html
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/pacific/australia/
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/asia/china/hong-kong/

*Domestic violence- Behavior used by one person in a relationship to hurt or dominate the other.
dsvac.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/cycle-of-violence3.jpg

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