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Transcript of ANALYZING ARGUMENTS
LEQ: How can a reader delineate and evaluate an author’s argument?
a collection of statements offered so that others may draw conclusions
a state of one's ideas "how you see things"
to portray in words, with detail and precision
to place value
favorable or unfavorable tendency inclination; prejudice
an accurate assessment; thought-out opinion
evidence related to the claim and argument
a source that can be trusted
initial stance, opinion, viewpoint "what you believe to be true"
grounds to stand on, facts or proof in support of claim
a claim made against another claim
Appeals to the reader based on
AUTHORITY or HONESTY of the writer.
"Nobel Prize winner..."
Appeals to the reader through EMOTIONS.
Challenges sense of right and wrong.
Meant to INSPIRE.
(Think emotional appeal propaganda).
Appeals to the reader based on logic (LOGos...LOGic)
Facts and figures
"John Wilkes Booth did not get what he wanted. Yes, he did kill Abraham Lincoln, but in every other way, Booth was a failure. He did not inspire the South to fight on, prolong the Civil War, or win the battles the Confederate armies had lost. He did not undo the Emancipation Proclamation and revive slavery.
And yet we still remember Booth to this day. But he is not the hero of the story. The real hero is Abraham Lincoln and the principles for which he lived - and died: freedom and equal rights for all Americans."
Ethos, Logos, and Pathos
d iving a little deeper...
W I N D O W S
Is football just too dangerous?
"If I had a young son who wanted to play football, I would make sure he understood a few things first..."
"No sport or physical activity is risk-free. Concussion is an issue in every sport that our children play..."
8th Grade - Argument Continued...
Logos - Logic Ethos - Experience and Authority
Pathos - Passion and strong emotions
Proposition - a plan to change something
Opposition - the opposite side of an argument
Irrelevant - not pertaining to an issue
Nuance - a slight degree of difference
Bias - a preference that prevents objectivity
Claim - thesis statement
Counterclaim - helps provide balance to an
How can I determine an author's purpose and point of view?
How do author's use specific claims to distinguish their position from others?
What does an argument with sound reasoning and relevant evidence look like?
Point of View
to recognize as valid (true or fair)
intended readers of a piece of writing
a decision based on reasoning
- NO need to infer
a conclusion drawn from specific information
the author's opinion or feelings in a text about a topic
the reason behind an author's writing
WHY WOULD ANYONE WRITE THE FOLLOWING KINDS OF TEXT?
1. SPORTS ARTICLE
2. LETTER TO PARENTS FROM PRINCIPAL'S OFFICE
3. COMIC STRIP
4. LETTER TO GOVERNOR
5. COLLEGE ACCEPTANCE LETTER
6. LETTER TO FRIEND (or bf/gf)
7. FICTION NOVEL (like Maze Runner)
LEQ: How can I determine an author's purpose and point of view?
TEXT TO WHO? (audience) WHY? (purpose)