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The Reason I Jump

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Betsi Little

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of The Reason I Jump

The Other Side of Normal
The Reason I Jump...
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
How do we develop a sense of self?
The looking-glass self: a person's self grows out of society's interpersonal interactions and the perceptions of others.

People shape their self-concepts based on how others perceive them.

Cooley (1902)
What is your first memory of yourself?
Kohlberg's Moral Development
Can a marshmallow tell us who we will be?
Marcia's Identity Development
Do you have GRIT?
1. I have overcome setbacks to conquer an important challenge.
2. New ideas and projects sometimes distract me from previous ones.
3. My interests change from year to year.
4. Setbacks don’t discourage me.
5. I have been obsessed with a certain idea or project for a short time but later lost interest.
6. I am a hard worker.
7. I often set a goal but later choose to pursue a different one.
8. I have difficulty maintaining my focus on projects that take more than a few months to complete.
9. I finish whatever I begin.
10. I have achieved a goal that took years of work.
11. I become interested in new pursuits every few months.
12. I am diligent.


1. For questions 1, 4, 6, 9, 10 and 12 assign the following points:
5 = Very much like me
4 = Mostly like me
3 = Somewhat like me
2 = Not much like me
1 = Not like me at all

Add up all the points and divide by 12. The maximum score on this scale is 5 (extremely gritty), and the lowest scale on this scale is 1 (not at all gritty).

2. For questions 2, 3, 5, 7, 8 and 11 assign the following points:
1 = Very much like me
2 = Mostly like me
3 = Somewhat like me
4 = Not much like me
5 = Not like me at all

Assessment 3:
The Keys to Happiness Project:
We all feel unhappy with ourselves from time to time. We have learned in class about identity, personality, mental illness, and how we define "normal."

Knowing all of this, how can you "create more happiness" in your (or a friends) life?
ex: Lowered Expectations
10 things you don't know about Psychology, but should!
Pick 10 phenomena or theories about psychology that people should know about.
Describe the phenomena or theory
Give terms and definitions
Give an example
Tell us how to use it!
Priming: Priming is an implicit memory effect in which exposure to a stimulus influences a response to a later stimulus. It can occur following perceptual, semantic, or conceptual stimulus repetition.
For example, if a person reads a list of words including the word table, and is later asked to complete a word starting with tab, the probability that he or she will answer table is greater than if they are not primed. Another example is if people see an incomplete sketch they are unable to identify and they are shown more of the sketch until they recognize the picture, later they will identify the sketch at an earlier stage than was possible for them the first time.
How do we define "normal?"
Neurodevelopmental disorders
Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
Bipolar and related disorders
Depressive disorders
Anxiety disorders
Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
Trauma- and stressor-related disorders
Dissociative disorders
Somatic symptom and related disorders
Feeding and eating disorders
Sleep–wake disorders
Sexual dysfunctions
Gender dysphoria
Disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders
Substance-related and addictive disorders
Neurocognitive disorders
Paraphilic disorders
Personality disorders
disability, distress, dangerous
the DSM 5
Cultural norms
Personality Disorders
Cluster A (odd)
Paranoid * Schizoid * Schizotypal
Cluster B (dramatic)
Antisocial * Borderline * Histrionic * Narcissistic
Cluster C (anxious)
Avoidant * Dependent * Obsessive-Compulsive
a social disorder
maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition and feelings
exhibited across many contexts and deviating markedly from those accepted by the individual's culture.
These patterns develop early, are inflexible and are associated with significant distress or disability
I accept myself even though I __________
(do not use the word "am")
I accept myself even though I __________
I accept myself even though I __________

Pretend that your friend has some of the same worrisome beliefs that you do. Look back over the things you wrote for questions 1-3. Pick out one of those statements and write it down, as if your friend just said it.

Now skip a line, and write a response to your friend's statement. In that response, be a compassionate, rational, and realistic thinker.

After you write your response, skip a line and have your friend reply. Maybe your friend is a bit stuck in his/her thinking. Then skip a line, and respond again to your friend. Keep this conversation going for 10 lines or so.

What do I (perhaps "secretly") get out of thinking like this?

How does it work to my advantage?

If what you JUST wrote was indeed true, what does it mean to you and why does it bother you so much?

When you think of the worst thing that could happen, do you really think that it's likely to happen?

If so, how could you learn to cope with it?

What is the worst outcome that could possibly happen?

What do you fear most of all?

If this worry of yours was indeed true,
what does it mean to you and why does it bother you so much?
I often worry that I ________.
(fill in the blank)

A little bit of self-help
A Cognitive Therapy Exercise
If what you JUST wrote was indeed true, what does it mean to you and why does it bother you so much?

If what you JUST wrote was indeed true, what does it mean to you and why does it bother you so much?

One last time,
Fill in the Blanks
Research Projects:
bring in debriefing sheet for extra credit
5 points each, 6 maximum
Types of Therapy
Full transcript