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Present, Direct and Indirect Pronouns, and Y and En.

Lesson aid on the use of French verbs in present tense, direct and indirect pronouns, and y and en.
by

Chris Sumando

on 29 September 2012

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Transcript of Present, Direct and Indirect Pronouns, and Y and En.

En Indirect Object Pronouns Are used to replace the subject in a sentence whom receive the action if the verb. Direct Object Pronouns je me (me)
tu te (you)
il le (him, it)
elle la (her, it)
nous nous (us)
vous vous (you)
ils/elles les (them) Are used to replace the people in the sentence to/for whom the action of the verb occur. Je me (me)
Tu te (you)
Il/Elle lui (him/her)
Nous nous (us)
Vous vous (you)
Ils/Elles leur (them) Regular -er verbs Je
Tu
Il/ elle/ on/ qui
Nous
Vous
Ils/ elles -e
-es
-e
-ons
-ez
-ent -is
-is
-it
-issons
-issez
-issent Regular -ir verbs Je
Tu
Il/ elle/ on/ qui
Nous
Vous
Ils/ elles Regular -re verbs -s
-s
___
-ons
-ez
-ent Être - "to be" Je
Tu
Il/ elle/ on/ qui
Nous
Vous
Ils/ elles Je
Tu
Il/ elle/ on/ qui
Nous
Vous
Ils/ elles suis
es
est
sommes
êtes
sont Avoir - "to have" 'ai
as
a
avons
avez
ont These are used as the auxilary verb in passé composé. Special Irregulars Boot Rule Je
Tu
Il Nous
Vous
Ils -ger Verbs When conjugating -ger verbs such as manger, the nous form must have an "e" after the "g", and before the "ons".
Je mange
Tu manges
Il mange -cer Verbs When conjugating -cer verbs, a cedille must be added to the "c" in only the nous form.
Nous commençons
Vous commencez
Ils commencent -eler and -eter When conjugating a -ler or -ter verb, double the "L" or "T". J' appelle
Tu appelles
Il appelle Nous appelons
Vous appelez
Ils appellent Je jette
Tu jettes
Elle jette Nous jetons
Vous jetez
Elles jettent é to è In these verbs the é in the last syllable of the stem changes to an è, except in the first and second person plural (nous and vous). Je prépare
Tu prépares
Il prépare Nous préparons
Vous préparez
Ils préparent e to è In verbs that follow this rule, the "e" in the last syllable of the stem changes to an "è". J' achète
Tu achètes
Il achète Nous achetons
Vous achetez
Ils achètent In verbs ending in -ayer, including essayer (to try) and payer (to pay) the "y" changes to "i" in all persons except the first and second person plural (nous and vous). But this is optional. -ayer Verbs Je paie
Tu paies
Il paie Nous payons
Vous payez
Ils paient -oyer and -uyer Verbs Exactly like the -ayer verbs, apart from the fact that it is mandatory. je nettoie nous nettoyons
tu nettoies vous nettoyez
il nettoie ils nettoient j' ennuie nous ennuyons
tu ennuies vous ennuyez
il ennuie ils ennuient En& Y. These are pronouns that
refer to something not someone. En replaces all forms of de:
du, de l', de la, des + the T(noun). En can be translated as "some" or "of it" and in negative it means "not any." En is also used for indefinite quantities of something.
When using En it is placed in front of the verb.
Elle boit du thé  Turns into En and is place before the verb. = Elle en boit Qui penses-tu de mon livre? En = Qui'en penses-tu? tu ne veux pas des devoirs. =tu n'en veux pas. In negative En goes between the Ne pas with the verb. Je prépare six gâteaux. = J'en prépare six. I'm preparing
six [of them] Meaning: Y usually replaces a place or location, such as chez, dans, sur ,sous , or en + the T. Also it replaces all forms of à: au, aux, à la, à l' + T. Y Y can be translated as "there" if a place has been mentioned. Also Y can mean “it,” “them,” “in it,” “to it,” or “on it.” When using Y you place it in front of the verb just like when you are using En. Je vais à Paris. Turns into Y and placed in front of the verb. = J'y vais. Il répond à la note. Y =Il y répond. Elle pense aux vacances. =Elle y pense Je ne réponds pas à la question. = Je n'y réponds pas. In Negitive Y goes between the Ne pas with the verb. Present/Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns/ En & Y The Direct Object Pronoun is placed in front of the last verb. If the indirect object of a French sentence is a noun, it is always preceeded by; à, à la, à l', au, aux.

The Indirect Object Pronoun is placed in front of the verb, in the case of there being two verbs it is placed in front of the second verb. If there are two verbs the Direct Object Pronoun goes in front of the second verb. If le, la, me, or te are in front of a verb with a vowel, or an "h" they become l', m', or t'. Je vois un minou
Je le vois
Je ne le vois pas Je peux voir un minou
Je peux le voir
Je ne peux pas le voir I am talking to Pierre
Je parle à Pierre

I am talking to him
Je lui Parle préparer acheter payer nettoyer ennuyer appeler jeter
Nous mangeons
Vous mangez
Ils mangent manger Je commence
Tu commences
Il commence commencer The benefit of using this is to take the unnecessary bulk out of sentences such as when saying

"I saw Sally today, I talked to Sally for a long time," instead you can say "I talked to her for a long time."

Je lui parle pour un longtemps. Yeah.. Ignore This.
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