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Art During the Civil War

This presentation describes the basics of art during the civil war, and what they consisted of

Diego Student

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of Art During the Civil War

Art During the Civil War
Civil War Art
What Was it
Civil war art mostly consisted of paintings which depicted military leaders, important battles, and speeches given by political figures relevant to the times.
Northern Art v. Southern Art
Portrayal of events varied between artists of the North and south, and even between artists under the same allegiance. The presentation of an event depended on the viewpoint of the artist.
Famous Civil War Artists and Photographers
Art during the civil war help to enlighten people on the happenings of battles that had taken place, and still provide visual descriptions of the war. Photos were not only a revolutionary development during the civil war, but also help to remind people just how painful it was for each side, whether Northern or Southern. Art helped to spread propaganda against horrific existences such as slavery and murders, and helped to put an end to them. Without art, we may never had known as much as we do about American History and the civil war as we do today.
What did art consist of during the 1800's, and how did it help to shape the developement of the civil war, and the course of American History?
Although not completely accurate, most paintings provided a relatively realistic representation of how the event appeared from the perspective of the artist.
Northern art centralized the state of the Union, and Southern art prioritized the state of the Confederacy. In works of art portraying the victory of the artist's side of allegiance, the side was shown as strong and presiding. In works of art portraying the defeat of the artist's side of allegiance, the adversaries were shown as merciless, killing many soldiers of the opposite allegiance.
Xanthus Russell Smith
Famous for his painting
Battle of the Kearsarge and Alabama.
Eastman Johnson
Famous for his painting
The letter home.
Dangers and Hardships
Not all civil war artist had experienced the battle they chose to depict in their works of art, but some chose to put themselves in harms way to be able to more accurately present an event.
It took months for an illustration to be completed, duplicated, and then featured in local news articles.
Most paintings of the war showed the ideal, or optimal, version of the actual scene. These paintings showed the people what they wanted to see, and did their best to avoid form including gruesome scenes, unless they showed the other side in a bad light.
Art v. Photography
While paintings provided an ideal picture of the war, photos presented the reality of death and loss associated with the war.
Many preferred the paintings to the photos. Photos may have help boost the popularity of idealistic art as photographs their expense, and often to realistic.
Photographers had to be in the battlefield after or during the war while artists could complete a rendering of a battle anywhere.
Comic strips known as propaganda, a form of art as well, help to speak out against issues in America, in order for others to become aware of current situations, and what could be done to stop them.
Alfred Waud
Famous for his painting
Kennesaw's Bombardment, 64
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