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Biological and Chemical Weapons

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Jordan Lugtig

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Biological and Chemical Weapons

What are Biological Weapons? Bio and Chemical Weapons By Alice, Charlie, and Jordan A biological weapon (BW) is a harmful agent such as a pathogenic microorganism or a neurotoxin used as a weapon to cause death or disease usually on a large scale

They can be used offensively or defensively History of Biological Weapons Legislation 1925 Geneva convention banned use of biological and chemical weapons

Unsuccessful because Soviets were stockpiling nuclear weapons all through the 1920's

Suspected of using Tularemia against German soldiers during WWII

1972 Biological Weapons Conference

Soviets still known to have Anthrax and the Bubonic Plague What do they do? Shortly after 9/11 letters laced with Anthrax appeared in US mail, one of them was sent to Senator Patrick Leahy on November 16th, 2001 "You can not stop us now
We have this anthrax
You die now
Are you afraid?
Death to America
Death to Israel
Allah is great” Bruce Ivins He did leave a lot of evidence behind:

1. He had anthrax in his house

2. He tried to get rid of it when the police came round

3. He was a diagnosed sociopath

4. He worked with Anthrax for 20 years

5. And he committed suicide before case closed The Future "As our ability to modify life processes continues its rapid advance, we will not only be able to devise additional ways to destroy life but will also become able to manipulate it--including the fundamental biological processes of cognition, development, reproduction, and inheritance.“

-Matthew Meselson What about Chemical Weapons? A chemical weapon (CW) is a device that uses chemicals formulated to inflict death or harm to human beings. They may be classified as weapons of mass destruction. Chemical weapons can be widely dispersed in gas, liquid and solid forms and may easily afflict others than the intended targets. History of Chemical Weapons In the Middle Ages and the early modern period, chemical warfare advanced along with the development of chemistry. The use of biological agents is not a new concept, and history is filled with examples of their use. Attempts to use biological warfare agents date back to antiquity. Scythian archers infected their arrows by dipping them in decomposing bodies or in blood mixed with manure as far back as 400 BC. In the Battle of Eurymedon in 190 BC, Hannibal won a naval victory over King Eumenes II of Pergamon by firing earthen pots full of venomous snakes into the enemy ships During the siege of Kaffa in the 14th century AD, the attacking Tatar forces hurled plague-infected corpses into the city in an attempt to cause an epidemic within enemy forces. This was repeated in 1710, when the Russians besieging Swedish forces at Reval in Estonia catapulted bodies of people who had died from plague. In 1456, during the Siege of Belgrade, an alchemist created poison clouds by burning rags that may have contained chlorine gas. In the fifteenth century, Leonardo Da Vinci designed explosive shells filled with arsenic and sulfur for use against ships. And in the nineteenth century, Thomas Cochrane suggested the use of burning sulfur as a naval weapon. 1675: The Strasbourg Agreement becomes the first international agreement to limit the use of chemical weapons, in this case, poisoned bullets. 1899-1907: The first and second peace conferences at the Hague prohibit "the use of projectiles whose sole purpose is the release of asphyxiating or harmful gases", then later the use of poisons or poisoned weapons 1925: The Geneva Protocol prohibits the use of "asphyxiating gas, or any other kind of gas, liquids, substances or similar materials" 1993: The Chemical Weapons Convention bans the development, production, stockpiling and use of Chemical Weapons The deadly ones: Blister agents, such as Nitrogen Mustard and Sulphur Mustard, which produce large fluid-filled blisters on your skin Blood Agents, such as Cyanogen chloride and Hydrogen cyanide, which interfere with your blood and stop it from functioning properly Chocking Agents, such as Chlorine and Diphosgene, which damage the lungs and result in asphyxiation Nerve Agents, such as Sarin and Novichok agents, are substances that disrupt the chemical messages through the nervous system which causes muscle contractions that can lead to respiratory failure and death And the not so deadly ones: Vomiting Agents, such as Adamsite and Diphenylchloroarsine, which irritate the nose and mouth to produce coughing, sneezing, and nausea Malodorants, such as Skunk, that have a very strong and unpleasant smell that could last for up to five years Tear Agents, such as Pepper Spray and Ortho-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS Spray), which irritate your eyes and make them very painful There are two main types of chemical and biological weapons: Bacterial Agents, such as the Bubonic Plague and Anthrax, are bacteria, viruses or fungi that can cause skin legions, respiratory collapse, severe vomiting and diarrhea. Viral agents, such as Ebola and Yellow Fever, which can cause massive internal hemorrhaging Who uses these things anyway? Nobody is supposed to use these weapons in warfare anymore, but some countries still keep bio and chemical weapons for research. Although these countries are unlikely to use theirs, other countries like Syria, North Korea, Libya and Israel all possess these weapons and have used them in the past. The USA, France and the UK all have research programs trying to figure out how to cure the diseases and how to prevent the spread of infection. When were they last used? We all know about mustard gas and stuff in the war, but there have been some more recent attacks and one of them was "Amerithrax" in 2001 We're all going to die!!!!!! No not yet....although we've only got until the 21st You'll be fine so long as you follow the internet's 23 step guide to surviving a terrorist attack 1.Don't count on a vaccine being available. The vaccines that are currently used for will not work against any Chemical or Biological Attack. New strains of viruses require new vaccines, and these can take months or years to develop and even longer to produce and distribute on a large scale. 2.Stay informed. Should a pandemic of any kind flare up, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and other governmental and non-governmental organizations will provide information on the spread of the disease, as well as updates on vaccines or other medications, tips for keeping yourself safe, and travel advisories and advice 3.Get your yearly flu vaccine shot. While the current vaccine won't protect you from every flu or any other "new" strains of the virus, it can help you stay healthy, which may in turn help your body to fight the virus better if you do become infected 4.Get a pneumonia vaccine shot. In past Chemical or Biological pandemics, many victims succumbed to secondary pneumonia infection. While the pneumonia vaccine cannot protect against all types of pneumonia, it can improve your chances of surviving the pandemic Blah blah blah blah....... You didn't think we'd give you all the secrets :) Basically,
-Wash your hands
-Don't get bitten
-And follow the Zombieland rulebook Thanks for listening,
we promise we'll bite you first :)
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