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Chapter 8 Overview
Transcript of Chapter 8 Overview
The soul is
-it does not die when it is separated from the body at the time of death
At the end of time when Christ comes again in glory, the bodies of the dead will be raised and will be reunited with their souls, this is also known as the
Resurrection of the Body
When God the father raised Jesus from the dead, and put him back on earth, we believe that God will do the same to us or our deceased during the second coming.
Resurrection is a miraculous gift from god; this gift changes human limitations as we know it. Our belief surpasses the modern day biological belief and transform the view of death for many
Every Funeral Mass the church the resurrection of the body. It also celebrated on August 15, the feast of the assumption of Mary into heaven. This day we celebrate the Mary’s participation in her son’s resurrection, and we celebrate our own resurrection at the second coming of Christ
Back then, cremation was not encouraged because it was believed the person did not fully believe in the reincarnation of the dead, then realized, in reality that the essence of the body did not fully “disappear”.
Chapter 8 The Last Things
Chapter 8 Overview
In this chapter you will:
come to view life and death through the eyes of Christians
learn more about the belief of the Second Coming of Christ and the judgement of the living and the dead
reflect on love, rather than desire for reward or fear of punishment, as the motivation behind true Christian morality
study the structure and meaning of the Order of Christian Funerals
come to appreciate the ways and traditions of the church to recognize the dead as well as the living
and finally, learn how to live with integrity by being faithful to oneself and one's values
Scripture tells us that at the end of the world, Christ will come again. Also known as the Second coming of Christ, in Greek is called the
. When this happens there will be a collective judgment of both the living and the dead. This event is called the
, or the last judgment. It is necessary to look at all parts of the definition to try to understand the concept of general judgment.
BOTH THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
• On the day of the lord, Christ will return and judge both the living and the dead. He will see what is good in our hearts and judge us according to what we have done during life and whether we have accepted god's grace. After he does so he will punish the wicked and reward the faithful
• In 1925, Pope Pius XI established a new feast for churches all over the world. This feast is called the Solemnity of Christ the King. This feast is celebrated each year on the last Sunday of the liturgical year, which is the last Sunday of Ordinary Time, the Sunday before the first Sunday in advent. How do we celebrate this you ask? Catholics celebrate this feast with joyful anticipation. For example, citizens of Jerusalem wave palm branches to welcome the arrival of Jesus.
The General, Or Last, Judgement
Resurrection of the body
At the Second Coming of Christ, we believe at the end of time the holy spirit will renew our hearts of all people creating a new law, God will reconcile all who are divided, transform creation, and dwell in peace with people in the transformed creation, this belief is a source of great hope for Christians everywhere.
During this, human history will not be distinguished and creation will be transformed into the new Jerusalem-a state of eternal peace, justice, and love in god’s presence
The New Jerusalem has “the glory of god and a radiance like a very rare jewel” (Revelation 21:11). There will be no need for sunshine or moonshine because God will shine like a lamp for all. He will basically recreate matter and bring it to perfection
Renewal Of Creation
VIGAL FOR THE DECEASED:
The liturgy for a funeral happens after the person has died but before the actual placing in the ground or cremation. This can take place in a church, (the family’s) home, funeral home, or some other suitable place. This follows the structure of the liturgy of the word.
---during this time, appropriate songs will be played about the resurrection and the deceased, while they are playing, the dead body may be sprinkled with holy water
---readings during this time include a first reading, responsorial psalm, a gospel reading, and a homily by a priest or deacon.
Prayer of Intercession
---this part consists of a litany-style prayer of intercession, the Lord’s Prayer, and a concluding prayer. Also during this time is when someone close to the deceased, whether that be a family member or close friend, to give a eulogy remembering the person, or people may be invited to share their recollections of the person.
---the vigil ends with a blessing and perhaps another song
takes place in a home or funeral home (etc.) the funeral liturgy usually is after. This is the main celebration of the church for the deceased that may take place at mass or outside of mass with the same structure but some additions:
Reception at the church
---this is the first part of the funeral mass. This is when the priest or deacon welcomes the casket as well as the family and visitors into the church while singing a song. A white cloth is placed on the coffin and sprinkled with holy water and placed in front of the easter candle symbolizing the first baptism.
Final commendation and farewell
---after the mass, the priest and people pray for the deceased. At this time, many priests will sprinkle more holy water and incense it
Funeral liturgies outside the mass consist of
The Introductory Rites
(the greeting, the placing of Christian symbols, an entrance procession and a prayer)
The Liturgy of the Word
(readings, homily), the general intercessions, and the lord’s prayer
A Final Commendation
(the same as at the end of the funeral mass) the procession to the place of committal
Looking Back, Going Forward
We can’t understand many things because we are not God, therefore life is a great mystery. We find meaning deeper both in and at the end of life rather than all at once. Death, the end of human life on earth; separation of the soul from the body, is faith that gives us the answer of what happens to us at the end of life. Also at the end of life everyone receives a judgment from God exactly at the moment of death. Such particular judgment, the reckoning that occurs for each person at the time of death, allows some people think that death is something so far off in the future that it does not exist or occur to them until it happens to them.
Rite of Committal
is celebrated at the grave site or mausoleum, depending upon the selection of the resting place of the body or cremation follows funeral. The rite may also be celebrated when burial occurs at sea.
The structure of the rite of committal is as follows:
The priest invites us to pray for the deceased, as well as for the mourners
The short verse reminds us that our true home is with God in heaven
Prayer over the place of committal.
The priest blesses the open grave, the mausoleum, or the place of cremation
The priest asks god to bless the deceased, to gracious to him or her and to give the person eternal peace
Prayers for the deceased and for the mourners, that they may be comforted in their sorrow are offered
The Lord’s Prayer
everyone prays the lord's prayer together asking that god's kingdom may come
in this prayer, the priest asks that god will show mercy to the deceased and raise him or her to new life
Prayer over the people
the priest blesses everyone and then bids all who have gathered to “go in the peace of Christ”
Rite of Committal
• If a person dies in God’s grace that person will be with him after death
• Through baptism the Christian has already died with Christ through the sacraments
• Christians used to think Eternal life was thought to be face-to-face vision of God
• Pharisees in particular believe in resurrection
• Sadducees didn’t believe in resurrection, angels, or spirits, but instead life continued through children and grandchildren
• 3 reasons that we should believe in afterlife are
1. Jesus showed God had power over life and death when he raised Jesus from the dead
2. Resurrection of Jesus
3. Jesus said to believe in God and himself
Belief In Afterlife
The church was founded on faith in the resurrection of Jesus. From the day of Pentecost the Apostles preached fearlessly about Jesus especially how he conquered death by rising again. Paul, the most affected apostle by Jesus' sudden death, preached to everyone his vision of the resurrection, which was similar to God's to both those who did and did not believe.
The Church and Eternal Life
The Four Last Things
A state of purification between death and heaven. A person goes to purgatory when they need to experience further purification with god before entering into full union with him. A person in purgatory made the choice for God during life or at least at the time of death. Purgatory is not mentioned in the Bible but the concept derives from the act of praying for the dead in the book of Maccabees.
An eternal separation from God resulting in the choice to reject his love and grace even at the final moments of earthly existence. Hell is our choice to reject God’s grace and chose selfish desires over God.
What are the four last things?
the study of these four last things is called eschatology and means “last or farthest things”. The final coming of Jesus’ kingdom at the end of time will be the last or final judgment. Our own death is the particular judgment of life after death in heaven, purgatory, or hell and the eventual resurrection of ones body.
Many people are judged on how they have lived as well as their inner motives and values . This stems from the belief in God's justice. Those who have tried their best to follow his law will be rewarded, while those who have constantly sinned against against him and failed to repent even at the point of death will be punished. Pope Benedict XII taught that God judges us on how well we have loved and kept his commandments throughout life which assigns our souls to heaven, purgatory, or hell at death. In a way we judge ourselves as well. We do this by choosing how we have lived our lives on earth being for or against God.
Prayers For the Dead
• Christians have moral obligations to pray for and bury the dead.
• Masses that are specific times for praying for the dead are the Office of the dead, and the feast of all Souls
• Masses for the dead are traditionally known as requiem which is a Latin word meaning rest
• Christians mark the date of death as the time of a person’s entrance into eternal life and light
• Office of the dead- special prayers for the faithful departed that date back to the seventeenth century
• All souls day is celebrated on November second and it is to pray for the dead, especially for the souls in purgatory. Saint Odilo abbot of Cluny made November 2nd a day to remember and pray for the faithful departed in the eleventh century. In the 15th century Dominicans in Spain began a tradition where they had each priest say three masses on November 2nd for the souls in purgatory. There are many traditions some are book of the dead-write names of people who have died , procession to the cemetery, people visit graves leaving flowers and candles on the grave. In some Hispanic countries it’s called Dia de los Muertos or the day of the dead. They celebrate with masses foods and family rituals on this day. The purpose of the cultural celebrations is to mock the power of death and reinforce belief in resurrection.
Some Last Words
Only God knows when and how his kingdom will come in its fullness, therefore we are advised to stay alert at all times. What is most important is living NOW as followers of Jesus rather than later. When we live in his grace, he lives within us, and when we continue the work of Christ in today's world we are helping to strengthen his kingdom. Necessarily we don't have to do great things, but just simple things with love.
With this we have the:
proclaim the kingdom of God and work toward its fulfillment.
help build by cooperating with the Holy Spirit
move beyond self-centeredness to real concern for others
perform the physical or corporal and spiritual works of mercy as those who truly love expect nothing in return
Corporal works of mercy:
- feed the hungry
– give drink to the thirsty – clothe the naked
– shelter the homeless
– visit the sick – visit the imprisoned
– bury the dead
Spiritual works of mercy:
- Warn the sinner
– teach the ignorant
– counsel the doubtful
– comfort the sorrowful
– bear wrongs patiently
– forgive injuries
– pray for the living and the dead
By: Christina Benvenuto, Taylor Mumma, and Sydney Wright
-the end of human life on eart; the permanent cessation of all vital bodily functions, and the separation of the soul from the body
--an area of theology that concentrates on the last or final condition of creation
--sharing in an everlasting union of life and love which God in heaven by those who have died in his friendship
--the perfect sharing of life and love with the Trinity; an eternal relationship of oneness with God, of communion with him
--eternal separation from God resulting from the choice to reject his love and grace even at the final moments of earthly existence
--Christ's judgement of both the living and the dead at the end of time
--the reckoning that occurs for each person at the moment of death
--a quality whereby the human soul will not die but will exist without end
--another name for the second coming of christ that will occur at the end of the world. the world parousia means "arrival or coming"
--a state of purification between death and heaven that removes any remaining personal obstacles to eternal union with God. Purgatory frees the person from the temporal punishment (being deprived of the entrance into heaven for a time) due to sin
Resurrection of the Body
--at the end of time when Christ comes again in glory
Death is medically defined as the permanent cessation of all vital bodily functions. These functions include the brain, respiratory, and circulatory systems and the functions they perform for us. We endure death as a separation of our soul from our body. From this separation our bodies are hoped to go to heaven, the eternal relationship of oneness with God. If we do go to heaven we have the ultimate fulfillment of the longing of ourselves in a state of perfect happiness with God.