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Copy of Aristotle and Plato

aristotle and Plato

Şeyma Betül Köse

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Aristotle and Plato

Aristotle & Plato
Plato started his philosophical life when he was a student under one of the first philosophers "Socrates", when Socrates died (when Plato was 29)
Plato set up his own school and taught philosophy
This video is the story and animation of
"The Allegory of the Cave" This was a piece by Plato
himself when one day he was talking to a student.
He told the student this story so he could think about it.
I think the moral of the story was meant to be, an ignorant life
is much less fufilling then a thoughtful life.
in Plato's time, his thinking was very Taboo,
but influenced many people. Plato was not the first philosopher
but also questioned whast a philosopher was. Aristotle was at the same
rank philosopher as Plato was.
so what did he believe?
One thing that Plato said was that "the philosopher cures the mind, while the doctor cures the body." (What did he mean by this?) what i feel he meant was nothing can cure your mind physically because the mind is not a phisical being, what you can cure is ignorance and lack of thinking. One thing that philosophy does is it makes the mind think about things and question things in life. By questioning things in life you automatically learn. Therefore Philosophy cures the mind from ignoring things and assuming things without contemplating them.
Plato's 'Theory of Forms' this was Plato's view on the material of the world.
Plato said that what we see is not actually the "real world" but shodows of what is
actually real (kind of like in "The Allegory in the Cave). Plato spoke of everything not
actually being real or in the "real world" (what do you think? Couyld it be possible?)
I personally think that could not be possible, since science has proven these things that we can
see, feel, touch, taste, and smell are real. but what if there are more senses that we don't have?

Theory of forms
"Anybody can become angry - that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way - that is not within everybody's power and is not easy."
What does he mean by this?
A hero is born among a hundred, a wise man is found among a thousand, but an accomplished one might not be found even among a hundred thousand men.
what does Plato mean by this?
Plato is saying that you may be wise
or great, but to feel accomplished
is very rare and tou must work very
hard to get there in life.
As the builders say, the larger stones do not lie well without the lesser
What Plato meant by this was
you can be powerful, but you need people wo are less powerful also, beacause the lesser powerful people are the ones that brought you to power in the first place.
what Aristotle means by this is that
getting angry is easy, anybody can get angry
but its hard (at least for me) to get
angry for sensible reasons, anger is hard
to control and not everybody can control
it. in fact most people can't.
Aristotle(384-322 B. C) was born in Macedonia and was the son of a physician. He first studied medicine, but then went to athens to study philosophy with Plato at Plato's Acadamy. He eventually went to Plato's school of Athens for 20 years.
Aristotle was the first person to
group animals in genera and then
in smaller groups called species.
He grouped them on weather they had red blood or not and also on weather they were vertebrate or invertebrate
The Treatise Meterology
The "Treatise Meterology is Aristotles thoughts on earth science, he talks about the nature of earth and the oiceans, he also talks about the water cycle. "Now the sun, moving as it does, sets up processes of change and becoming and decay, and by its agency the finest and sweetest water is every day carried up and is dissolved into vapour and rises to the upper region, where it is condensed again by the cold and so returns to the earth."
This is actually a correct theory and he came up with it without the tools of modern science. Aristotle was brilliant for coming up with this.

You will never do anything in this world without courage. It is the greatest quality of the mind next to honor

What does he mean by this?
I think what Aristotle means is that courage is the only way people are able to live thier daily lives. without courage people couldn't get out of bed in the morning, they couldn't have interactions with others, courage is needed to do everything we do.
Aristotle said that the purpose of education is to produce a good man. He said man is not good by nature and he must learn to control his animal nature
I disagree with aristotle when he says this, i believe man is good by nature and that is how God made us. God made us different from the animals so that we would be goo by nature
Thank you for watching:)
on a piece of paper write 3 new things you learned about Plato and 3 new things you learned about Aristotle
"To Plato, the death of Socrates was a striking example of the conflict that can exist between socioty as it really is and the true or ideal socioty.(Sophie's World, pg.82)
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