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General Psychology: Introduction
Transcript of General Psychology: Introduction
Science or Study
soul or mind
December of 1879
Behavior is determined by intrapsychic forces that are unknown in nature. This means that the individual has no full awareness of these mental forces that are affecting his conscious behavior.
internal mental processes, such as creativity, perception, thinking, problem solving, memory, and language.
5. Phenomenological Perspective
a person's experiences play a significant role in how he perceives himself and how he behaves
Behavior vs Attitude
An attitude is "a relatively enduring organization of beliefs, feelings, and behavioral tendencies towards socially significant objects, groups, events or symbols" (Hogg & Vaughan 2005, p. 150)
"..a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favor or disfavor" (Eagly & Chaiken, 1993, p. 1)
Attitudes structure can be described in terms of three components.
this involves a person’s feelings / emotions about the attitude object. For example: “I am scared of spiders”.
Behavioral (or conative) component:
the way the attitude we have influences how we act or behave. For example: “I will avoid spiders and scream if I see one”.
this involves a person’s belief / knowledge about an attitude object. For example: “I believe spiders are dangerous”.
FUNCTIONS OF ATTITUDE
Methods and Techniques in Psychological Researches
1. Experimental Method
2. Quasi-experimental method
3. Correlational method
4. Naturalistic method
5. Case study method