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Gothic of the Romantic Period!
Transcript of Gothic of the Romantic Period!
of Gothic! Now time for a quiz!
1) What was the purpose of Gargoyles?
2)How does Gothic Literature differ from other Romantic Period literature?
3) What kind of Attire did some of the men and women wear?
4)Where did Gothic writing/language originate from?
5) Analyze this image. Based on what John has taught, Why is this a Gothic Romantic peice? Introduction S1-Architecture By:
Chris C. The Gothic Period was a time period that occurred at the same time as Romanticism. While The Romantics focused on more on romanticizing love, nature, and overall emotions, the Gothics romanticized things like death and heartbreak through horror novels or poems. There are 5 Sections
based on the
roles of Gothic: S2-Literature S3-Attire S4-Art S5-Language Now letsss get started... But wait a minute now!!! DON'T forget to take as much NOTES as you can! The FLYING BUTTRESS is
the defining external characteristic of gothic architecture. These buttresses effectively spread the weight of the new designs, taking the weight off the walls and transferring force directly to the ground. S1-ARCHITECTURE VAULTED CEILINGS utilized the technology
of the pointed arch to spread force and weight from upper floors. The arch also provided the impression of height and magnificence, giving the vaulted ceiling a feeling of grandeur and elegance. One of the fundamental characteristics
of gothic architecture was its height.
New building techniques
(such as the flying buttress, detailed next)
enabled architects to spread
the weight of taller walls and loftier towers. One of the most notable characteristics of gothic architecture is the gargoyle. Gargoyles are decorative, monstrous little creatures, perched at along the roofs and battlements of gothic buildings and castles.
Gargoyles have a practical purpose: they're spouts, enabling rainwater to drain off the roof and gush through their mouths, before plummeting to the ground (guttering is a relatively recent innovation!).
However, gargoyles had another intended purpose: to strike fear into the hearts of ill-educated Medieval peasants, scaring them into the church or cathedral. Many gargoyles include elements of the grotesque: exaggerated, evil features or threatening poses, which would have leered down from on-high. The innovation of the pointed arch which was the defining internal characteristic of gothic architecture. Its significance was both practical and decorative S3-Attire Women's
- Feminine colors included: rose, celestial, lapis blue, cream, buff, yellow, pale green, dove gray, and lavender gray.
-wide and top heavy silhouette
-large sleeves: gignot & beret sleeves
-tiny, corsetted waist
-coned shaped skirts with an increased hem width Gothic Literature During the Romantic Period Definition: Gothic literature is related to Romantic literature which tries to inspire strong emotion in the reader, while Gothic usually exploits the emotion of fear, often having monsters and other supernatural beings or happenings in the stories. > Anne Radcliffe called "The Queen of Terror" was the best selling author of the genre
> Mary Shelly wrote Frankenstein, which is one of the most enduring Gothic novels of the Romantic Period
> Some of Jane Austen's works are in the Gothic genre, and she is one of the most well known authors from this time today S2-Literature S4-Gothic Romantic Artwork. Gothic Art History: "The House Of Death"
Upon many discoveries of the Enlightenment period,
This painting illustrates lines from Book XI of Milton's poem Paradise Lost.
The Archangel Michael shows Adam the misery that will be inflicted on
Man now he has eaten the Forbidden Fruit,
In which Adam sees a maiasma of death that
plauges the human race. Henry Fuseli - "The Debutante"
An altarnate image where women are domiant. Most Gothic artwork commonly features:
Individuals who are rejected by society
And whether the Nature of man will bring salvation or destruction
These themes parallel with the interests of the Romantic Period, which is why Gothic was revived. William Blake - "Nebuchadnezza"
During the age of the "enlightenment" the early mathmatical
scientisits had made discoveries that many people thought that they could
bent the world and biology too there will. William Blake believed in imagination
as powerful developments of the human mind. and as a supporting idea of the Romantic Period depicted that man would turn into beasts upon these Dicoveries. Gothic art originated in France during the twelfth century and spread across Europe remaining popular until the Renaissance.
When the Renaissance began Gothic art was seen as being vulgar and so was named after the Gothic tribes that destroyed the Roman Empire and classicism during the fifth century.
Around the time of the 4th century the Goths started becoming Christianized. And around the same time this is when the Goths began to start writing their own language using their own version of the Futhark alphabet. Bishop Wufila a Greek missionary that helped the Goths convert to Christianity took the Greek alphabet and added certain letters from the Latin and Futhark Languages and created a new alphabet to write the Gothic language. The Goths spoke a Germanic language,
and it is unique.
The language is important to the study of the history of the Germanic language because its records are similar to other Germanic languages. Most of the modern knowledge came from the remains of the translation of the bible.
The language eventually died out after the fall of the Ostrogoths kingdom fell in Italy in the 6th century. S5-Gothic Language Gothic language Men's clothing
-colors are black, brown, blue, bottle-green, olive green, plum, chestnut, "London smoke" and gray brown
- overall body shape: narrow waist ("hour glass" silhouette), broad shoulders
- puffed sleeves
- full skirt - Large Hats and Bonnets worn. - From Left to Right: A Walking Dress, An Evening Dress, A Carriage Dress, A Morning Dress, A Carriage Dress - frock coat: long skirt with equal length in front and back. -peg-top trousers: wide and pleated at the top and narrow at the ankles - top hat: most common - variation called a gibus: could be folded flat so that it could be carried under the arm and internal spring so it could be snapped open. Alphabet Gothic >The name "Gothic" came from Horace Walpole, who purchased an estate named Stawberry Hill and remodeled it in what he called "Gothick" style.
>Horace Walpole wrote a book called The Castle of Ontranto (1764) which became hugely popular and was the start of inspiration for many Gothic writers after that.
> Anne Radcliffe, Mary Shelly, and Jane Austen are very notable Gothic authors of this time.