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Myans, Aztecs, and Incas: Compare and contrast


Mckay Higginbotham

on 29 March 2013

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Transcript of Myans, Aztecs, and Incas: Compare and contrast

Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas By McKay and Alexis Aztecs Incas Incan Architecture
Incan Agriculture Aztec Architecture Aztec Culture Aztec Government Mayan Government Mayan Culture Mayan Architecture Mayans The Mayans developed a hierarchical government ruled by kings and priests. They lived in independent city-states consisting of other smaller communities and large centers where everyone would gather, and ceremonies were held. There were no standing armies, but going to war was important. It displayed their power, and it was also a big part of their religion. Civilization was centered around religion. It was a huge part of daily life. In their religion, they practiced human sacrifice and would often raid other communities to obtain victims. The Mayans architecture still exists today. They crafted ceremonial centers very carefully, almost resembling pyramid-like mounds on top of each building. These structures were grouped together around an open plaza. The core of the structures were built of stone rubble and lime concrete. For the doors, they used large blocks of wood. There were barely any windows, but in the places that they had them, they were very small. Both the interior and exterior walls were colorfully painted. The Ancient Aztec government is not ruled by one person or one family. It is ruled by a group of families called the Calpulli. They would have one leader, and then have other leaders that would direct smaller councils. These councils were called City Councils, and they held the most power out of the Aztec Society. The Aztec's architecture was pretty much the same as the Mayan's. The way they crafted their buildings, the placement, and the logic they put in when making it to where enemies couldn't get in as easily.
The Aztecs were a Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican people of central Mexico in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. They called themselves Mexica. The Republic of Mexico and its capital, Mexico City, derive their names from the word "Mexica".

The capital of the Aztec empire was Tenochtitlan, built on raised island in Lake Texcoco. Mexico City is built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan. The Spanish colonization of the Americas reached the mainland during the reign of Huey Tlatoani , Moctezuma II (Montezuma II). In 1521 Hernan Cortes and an allied army of American Indians that far outnumbered the defending Aztecs, conquered the Aztecs through germ warfare, siege warfare, psychological warfare, and direct combat.
In a short period of time Inca became a powerful nation in the pre-Columbian America. When Pachacuti became emperor Cusco was only a city where Inca lived. But Pachacuti reorganized the kingdom of Cuzco into an empire. He had converted his empire ship to a new governmental system which was known as Tahuantinsuyu. They had a federal government and four provincial governments. Certainly the federal system was headed by Sapa Inca himself. Inca noble men were the head of the other provincial governments. The Incan Architecture was very smart. The way that they placed their cities in order to keep enemies out was magnificent. Carefully handcrafted stone walls that held the city in made it harder for enemies to attack. The Incas were among some of the smartest people to live.
They understood irrigation and proper drainage, and what kind of sun and water all of their plants needed. The same tactics are put to use in farming in the Americas today. The Mayan civilization was one of the most sophisticated cultures to develop in the New World. They relied on the sky for a lot of things in the Mayan world. The Mayans were obsessed with tracking the movements of the "heavenly bodies" (constellations). Astronomy provided the base for everything that happened within the Mayan society. They developed a highly complex hieroglyphic writing system. The Mayan calendar rivals the accuracy of the one we use today. When the Mayans were making it, they decided to atop at 2012, which explains why everyone went crazy and thought the world was going to end. Incan Government
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