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States of Matter

By: Chaeri Kim

on 3 January 2014

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Transcript of States of Matter

- Solids are usually hard because their atoms have been packed together tightly ( Examples: Wood, Ice , salt, plastic)
-A solid has a fixed volume and a fixed shape
- In a solid, the particles don't move around , they just stay in there place
- A solid maintains it's shape unless you cut it or break it and change the shape
- Solids can have any kind of texture and can have various sizes of shapes (Example: It could be small or tinier than grains of sand
- A liquid has a fixed volume, but a changing shape
- Their particles move around from place to place
- Whenever they are moved into another container it takes the shape of it's new owner
- Particles stick and are attracted to each other but are very easily separated
- Some examples of liquids are water, milk, oil and etc.
States of Matter
Venn diagram
- Rader Studios, Andrew. "Solid Basics." Chem4Kids.com: Matter: Solids. Chem4Kids, 2013. Web. 20 Oct. 2013
- Rader Studios, Andrew. "Liquid Basics." Chem4Kids.com: Matter: Liquids. Chem4Kids, 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2013
- Rader Studios, Andrew. "Looking for a Gas." Chem4Kids.com: Matter: Gases. Chem4Kids, 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2013.
- Nansen, Mrs. "States of Matter." States of Matter. N.p., 04 June 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2013
-"States of Matter." YouTube. YouTube, 10 Jan. 2008. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.

- Gas is all around us, It's everywhere
- Gas can fill any size , kind or shape of a container even though it doesn't have a definite shape
- The molecules inside spread out and fill the whole container to fill the space equally
- The gas's atoms and molecules have a lot of energy in them, so they bounce around constantly
- The volume always changes and and the shape changes as well
-They are constantly moving
- All have densities

- Can fill any container
-Don't have a definite shape

-Takes the shape of the new container
- Not much space between the atoms
- Have a smooth surface
- The molecules inside fill the space in the container equally
- Gas is all around us
- Have lots of space
Kinetic Theory
-When you heat solids, they move around more and gain kinetic energy
- If the particles in a solid move quickly and a lot because of the kinetic energy, the solid can melt
- Whenever you increase the temperature of the solid, the faster the particles move.
- When a liquid evaporates, it forms gas
- When you heat a liquid, the particles move faster and they have more energy
-The molecules no longer stick to each other
- They move in a random motion
- They sometimes collide with each other
- The molecules very small and far apart
- Made of molecules
and atoms
- Always have space in
between the particles
- All have energy
filled in them
- Does not take the shape of the container it is in
- Definite shape
- Particles can't move around

-They change when
they are heated
- Definite volume
Non Newtonian Fluid
- Non Newtonian Fluid is not a solid or a liquid
- When you are not using force you can go through it
- When you apply pressure it will block your hand from going through it
- In this, there is are two forces that slide against each other which is called shear rate

YouTube video
States of matter video:
By: Cherry Kim
Full transcript