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Abu Nasr Al Farabi
Transcript of Abu Nasr Al Farabi
Mariyam Hasan (ID 42045)
Rawda Al-Suwaidi (ID40445 )
Mariam Al Mansoori (ID41468)
Meis Al Kaisi Outline 1) Introduction to his life 2) AlFarabi's influence from Aristotle and plato in:
Psychology 3) Conclution and summary The Life of AlFarabi Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Tarkhan ibn Awzalagh al-Farabi
Born in 870 AD in Wasij, Turkistan
Studied in Baghdad under the guidance of the famous Greek translator, Abu Bashr b. Yunus
His fame spread in Halab (Allepo) where he was companion of the King
Had done several occupations in his life such as taking the role of a qadi (judge) in court, teacher and a caretaker of a garden
Died at the age of 80 years in Damascus in 950 AD His works and teachings Contributed considerably to science, philosophy, logic, psychology, political science, medicine, mathematics and music
Called the “Second Teacher” in the Arab society because added commentaries on the works of Plato and Aristotle to his own contributions
First philosopher to separate theology and philosophy
Wrote his famous book- Ahl al-Madina al-Fadila (The Virtuous City) and the Kitab al Musiqa (Book of Music) Metaphysics Epistemology Ethics/Logic Conclusion/summary THE END
FEEL FREE TO ASK ANY QUESTION! The first logical writer on philosophical questions in Islam was al-Farabi
Ethics is a branch of philosophy that states questions about morality such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, and justice
Al-Farabi, just like Aristotle, argues that justice in the city or the state means that the common goods in society should be fairly distributed amongst the people
In his discussion in ethics, he starts in a Neoplatonic fashion stating that evil has no existence in anything found in this world.
However, al-Farabi disagrees with traditional Neoplatonists in the idea that being good means that you are pure and simple Psychology The scientific study of the human mind and its functions,
On his treatment of the human soul, al-Farabi draws on a basic Aristotelian outline
Al-Farabi's psychological view of humanity was that of an isolated individual who cannot achieve perfection alone and requires the aid of many other individuals
His psychological perspective is reflected in terms of politics and philosophical thought
The human soul and mind are a combination of the metaphysical components and the science of epistemology that drives a person to its actions. Farabian concepts of existence provided a basic structure for metaphysics of Ibn Sina and Aquinas
He influenced many other major thinkers such as Yahya ibn 'Adi, Abu Sulayman al-Sijistani etc.
Through his understanding of Plato and Aristotle he improvised many of their works into his own interpertation.
He dedicated majority of his time to teach others about the values of philosphy, logic, ethics, metophysics etc. The branch of philosophy explaining the fundamental nature of the human being and the world
Used the works of Plato’s Republic and Aristotelian terminology
Hierarchy of being - God is the first being (top of the hierarchy) which resembles Aristotlean thought that everything emanates from God (the perfect being) Branch of philosophy that is concerned with the study of knowledge
Talked about six categories of aql (human intellect) which are discernment, common sense, natural perception, conscience, four subsequent intellects and divine reason
Throughout his work stresses the importance of knowledge, which was directed from Aristotelian thought Uses the book Al-Madina Al-Fadila (The Virtuous City) to explain the concept of a virtuous society which resembles Plato's Republic
According to both philosophers, a ruler of a society needs to have a good physique and unique qualities
AlFarabi mentions four corrupt cities: the ignorant city, the dissolute city, the turncoat city and the straying city
Similar to the imperfect divisions of society of Plato were timarchy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny
The goal of the citizens for the society was to attain ultimate happiness through their duties in society Political science