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Hugo Aguina

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of Malaria

What is malaria?
malaria is a mosquito born infectious disease of humans and other animals cause by a parasitic protozoans-(a type of single cell microorganism).
Types of symptoms
the signs and symptoms of malaria typically begin 8-25 days following infection. when getting infected the signs and symptoms are headache, fever, shivering, joint pain, vomiting, and chills.
How does it affect the human body/homeostasis ??
The parasite passes from the blood into the liver, where it reproduces and changes form. After a period of 1-4 weeks in the liver, the malaria parasite enters the blood and begins to infect red blood cells, undoing more reproduction inside the cells and then bursting out once the cycle is complete.
what organs does malaria affect?!
Malaria doesn't just affect the liver and kidneys. This process is called sequestration and can cause serious organ damage, and can even affect the brain (main part of the nervous system). When this happens the brain doesn't get enough blood flow and oxygen, and then leading to comas, psychiatric problems and can even die.
where does it usually occur?
Can the body recover from Malaria?
Unfortunately the body can not treat its self from Malaria. There are cures for malaria and is better to treat it as soon as possible.
Risk Factors
The biggest risk factor for developing malaria is to live in or to visit tropical areas where the disease is common. Many different subtypes of malaria parasites exist.
People at increased risk of serious disease include:

Young children and infants
Travelers coming from areas with no malaria
Pregnant women and their unborn children
Quick facts!
*Of the 300-500 million clinical cases of malaria that occur globally each year, 90 percent of them are in Africa.

*Malaria is endemic in more than 90 countries.

*Forty percent of the world population is at risk for malaria.

*Ten percent of world population gets sick each year with malaria.

*Number of fatal cases of malaria each year: over 1 million

Most common age at death: 4 years

*Every 30 seconds, a child dies of malaria

*Up to 23 percent of African infants are born with the malaria parasite.
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