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R.E Assignment

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Chloe Hewat

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of R.E Assignment


*Islam
*Hinduism
*Judaism
*Buddhism
*Catholicism R.E Assignment- Islam- Hinduism- Judaism- Buddhism- Catholicism- Social Structures and Individual Experiences- Values/Laws- Rituals and Symbols- Beliefs- Stories and Literature + Sacred Text- Stories and Literature + Sacred Text- Values/Laws- Rituals and Symbols- Beliefs- Social Structures and Individual Experiences- Stories and Literature + Sacred Text- Beliefs- Rituals and Symbols- Values/Laws- Social Structures and Individual Experiences- Values/Laws- Stories and Literature + Sacred Text- Social Structures and Individual Experiences- Beliefs- Rituals and Symbols- Rituals and Symbols- Social Structures and Individual Experiences- Stories and Literature + Sacred Text- Beliefs- Values/Laws- By Jasmin, Chloe M, Chelsea, Harry & Chloe H
Judaism has a quite a few sacred texts such as:
Tanakh - Law, prophets & writings
Torah - Means the 5 books of Tanakh
Talmud: The Oral Torah - writings that explain the Torah
Midrash - The third group of Jewish literature
Responsa - Answers to specific questions of Jewish laws
The Septuagint - Ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew bible.
Zohar - Central text of Kabbalah What the sacred texts consist of-
Judaism has 7 different books which all explain different things.
Some of the books explain and expand on other books.
The Torah, Talmud are the main commandments for Jewish people
These books were written to remember all the great things God has done for the Jewish people in history. The Tree (A Jewish Story)-

A man was travelling through the desert, hungry, thirsty and tired, when he came upon a tree bearing luscious fruit and affording plenty of shade, underneath which ran a spring of water. He ate of the fruit, drank of the water and rested beneath the shade.

When he was about to leave, he turned to the tree and said: “Tree, O tree, with what should I bless you?

“Should I bless you that your fruit be sweet? Your fruit is already sweet.

“Should I bless you that your shade be plentiful? Your shade is plentiful. That a spring of water should run beneath you? A spring of water runs beneath you.

“There is one thing with which I can bless you: May it be God’s will that all the trees planted from your seeds should be like you . . .” Judaism vigilantly avoids the use of any symbolic representation in worship, especially of humanlike figures. At the same time, there are a small number of prominent symbols that are prominently displayed in many synagogues and other Jewish institutions.
• Mezuzah, tzitzit and tefillin are reminders of the commandments
• The menorah (candelabrum) is the ancient universal symbol of Judaism
• The Jewish star (Magen David) is a modern universal Jewish symbol
• Jews wear a skullcap (yarmulke) as a pious custom
• Chai, found on jewelry, is the number 18, which is a favorable number
The Hamesh Hand is common in Jewish jewelry, but its connection to Judaism is questionable
Jewish life is marked by numerous occasions in which individuals and families take time out of their everyday lives to focus on God and his mitzvot (commandments), including daily prayer, Sabbath services and holidays. This section explores the special ceremonies and celebrations that mark important stages in a Jewish person's life as he or she journeys from birth to death.

Birth and Naming Ceremonies
On the first Sabbath after a Jewish child is born, the infant's father is called forward at the synagogue to recite the aliyah and ask blessings for the health of mother and child. If the child is a girl, she is named at this time. Boys will be named on the eighth day after birth, as part of the rite of circumcision.

Brit Milah: Circumcision
The rite of circumcision (brit milah) is performed on the eighth day of a boy's life. (There is no parallel practice for girls, and "female circumcision" has nothing to do with Judaism.) It usually takes place in the morning at the family's home.

Redemption of the Firstborn
The ritual of Pidyon Ha-Ben ("Redemption of the Son") is grounded in the Jewish concept that first and best things belong to God. In Numbers 8:17, God declares: "Every firstborn among the Israelites, man as well as beast, is mine." Coming of Age: Bar and Bat Mitzvah
Under Jewish law, children are not required to observe the commandments, though they are certainly encouraged and taught to do so. But upon turning 13, a boy is considered an adult under the law and is expected to obey all the commandments from then on. He has become a Bar Mitzvah, or "Son of the Commandments." Similarly, a girl becomes a Bat Mitzvah, "daughter of the commandment," upon turning 12.

Jewish Marriage Traditions
Marriage is highly revered and strongly encouraged in Judaism. The celibate life has never been considered more holy than the married life, and one must be married in order to become a rabbi. Judaism's high view of marriage is a direct result of its view of the home and family as the center of religious life.

Divorce in Judaism
In Judaism, divorce is viewed as a great tragedy, but a sometimes necessary one. In the Torah, the prophet Malachi declared, "I hate divorce, says Adonai, the God of Israel." According to the Talmud, "When a man puts aside the wife of his youth, even the very altar weeps." Yet allowances for divorce have always been a part of Jewish law.

Death Rituals and the Chevra Kaddisha
While the preservation of life in Judaism is of paramount importance, taking precedence over nearly all other priorities and observances, death is not therefore abhorred or devalued. Instead, death is seen as a part of life and a part of God's plan. The extensive mourning rituals in Judaism do not indicate a rejection or protest of death, but demonstrate the great value Judaism places on life in general and the life of each individual person.

Mourning
Mourning in Judaism is extensive, and has several purposes: it shows respect for the dead, comforts those left behind, discourages excessive mourning, and helps the bereaved to return to normal life. Mourning is observed for 30 days after burial, very intensely so in the first seven days. Regular remembrances are performed in the years following the death. PEOPLE
In the Jewish faith Rabbi's are authorities on the Torah, so they must be able to answer critical questions about the understanding of the Torah. The best rabbis are just people who has invested the time and sourced the knowledge to be a reliable leader.

Jewish people tend to show their faith in different ways - just like people of any religion. One of the most common ways for 'orthodox Jews' is in the study of scripture. Broader branches tend to focus on social justice issues. Observance of rituals, the kosher laws for example, and prayer, are other means.

PLACES
The word synagogue has several varied meanings; assembly, house of prayer or learning together. Synagogues usually have a main sanctuary for prayer, smaller rooms for study and sometimes a social hall. The Jericho synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the world, built between the times of 70 and 50 BCE.

The Synagogue serves as a place of religious teaching for the common man, and a central area to teach children the Hebrew language and their religious heritage. The Synagogue achieves the status as the cornerstone of community life in Jewish faith. Halakhah or Jewish law involves the laws and commandments in the Talmud. Sometimes you are required to break laws to save a life.
There are over 600 rules they have abide by and have to follow throughout their lives. Some of the important laws include strictness & observance. But within this topic it differs between the laws of Torah and the Rabbinic law. The religion of Judaism is a monotheistic faith, meaning that the followers of the religion only believe that there is one God in existence. Judaism is a religious tradition dating back to almost four thousand years ago, in the ancient, near eastern region of Canaan (which is the present day Israel and Palestinian territories.) The main texts within this religion considered to be sacred, are the Torah, Tankah (Hebrew Scriptures) and the Talmud. The ways in which these sacred texts are interpreted and applied varies within each of the contemporary branches of this religion.

Judaism has an extensive list of beliefs which vary depending on which branching faith is of concern. However, the beliefs of those involved with Judaism primarily focus on the relationships between the Creator, mankind and the land of Israel. The most accepted summary of the Jewish beliefs is Rambam's 13 principles of faith which are as follows:
*God exists
*God is one and unique
*God is incorporeal
*God is eternal
*Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no other
*The words of the prophets are true
*Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
*The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses
*There will be no other Torah
*God knows the thoughts and deeds of men
*God will reward the good and punish the wicked
*The Messiah will come
*The dead will be resurrected The Jewish also believe in the 613 commandments, which all regard different matters, such as the Torah, marriage, forbidden foods and also forbidden relationships. The Jewish also believe that the Messiah will in the future bring peace to humanity and will gather members of Judaism in the land of Israel again. The Jewish also believe that when this happens the Jerusalem Temple, destroyed in 70 AD, will be reconstructed. The people of this religion believe this as the religion in the time of Jesus, believed him to not be the Messiah or the anointed one or Saviour sent from God.

The faith of Judaism teaches that humankind was created "in the image of God". This doesn't mean that humankind are identical creations of God in terms of appearance, this means that humankind was created to be like God in terms of teaching and reaching out to others. Therefore this also means that humans were all given the right and free will to make their own choices and to take responsibility of these choices, whether they are good or evil decisions. Star of David is a Jewish symbol The Torah is a Sacred Text in the religion of Judaism
1. Muslims believe in One God "Allah", Supreme and Eternal, Infinite and Mighty, Merciful and Compassionate, Creator and Provider.
2. Muslims believe in a chain of prophets starting with Adam and including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael. Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John the Baptist, and Jesus, peace he upon them. Muslims believe in all messengers of Allah without any discrimination among them.
3.A Muslim believes in the angels of Allah. They are a pure creation and are splendid beings whose nature requires no food, drink or sleep. They spend their days and nights in the worship of Allah and in implementing His commands.
4. A Muslim believes in the Day of Judgement. This world will come to an end someday, and the dead will rise to stand for their final and fair trial. People with good records will be generously rewarded and warmly welcomed to the Heaven of Allah, and those with bad records will be punished and cast into Hell.
5. A Muslim believes in the timeless knowledge of Allah and in His power to design and execute His plans, and that nothing could happen in His Kingdom against His Will. His knowledge and power are in action at all times and in full command over His creation. Where do they learn what to believe? Who or what teaches them? How do they know what to believe in?
A Muslim believes in all the scriptures and revelations of Allah. They were the guiding light which the messengers received to show their respective peoples the Right Path of Allah. In the Qur'an (Muslims holy book), special reference is made to the books of Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus. But long before the revelation of the Qur'an to Muhammad, some of those books and revelations were lost or corrupted. The only authentic and complete book of Allah in existence today is the Qur'an. How did the religion begin, What is its history? Has it changed over time?
Islam basically means submission to god this began from the prophet Adam who gave himself to god
It has changed over many years mainly symbols The sharia is the moral code and religious law of Islam. It's deals with Most aspects of Islam life including crime, politics and economics as well as more personal topics like diet and hygiene. Rituals and symbols : Some of the rituals involved with Catholics at church are that they come forward to share the bread and wine which they are given from a priest or minister at the front, inside the church. Another ritual that Catholics do is that they visit church every week. Catholics other daily ritual is that they say a prayer to have a talk with god. These symbols help Catholics to know what Jesus and god want us to know and teach others. Catholics also have sacraments such as Eucharist, conformation, reconciliation and baptism. Some of these are only done once ( baptism, Eucharist, and conformation )


Symbols: Some catholic symbols are:

The crucifix:
The scared lamb:
The dove:
The fish:
The crossed keys:
The cross:
The sacred heart:
The Trinity
Catholics believe in The Trinity which essentially is saying that God is the Father, God is The Son ( Jesus ), and God is The Holy Spirit. But The Father is not the Son, The son is not the Holy Spirit, and the Holy Spirit is notThe father. So God is all of these things but they are not each other.

God
We believe in one only God, creator of things visible such as this world in which our life passes, of things invisible such as the pure spirits which are also called angels, and creator of each man and his spiritual and immortal soul.

Jesus
Jesus Christ is God the Son, who became man for us.
He is truly God, the Second Person of the Trinity, the Son, the Eternal Word.
Jesus is also truly man because he has the nature of man, having a body and soul.
The Incarnation is when Jesus became man.
God the Son (Jesus) became man to free us from sin and open to us the way to Heaven and everlasting life with God.
The name ‘Jesus’ means ‘Saviour' and the name ‘Christ’ means ‘Anointed’.
These names tell us that Jesus was anointed by God the Father to be our Saviour.

The Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity, God, as spiritually active in the world.

Mary
Mary is the virgin mother of God and gave birth to Jesus the son.

Where do we learn what to believe?
We learn about Christianity from the scriptures, stories, church and also Religious Education teachers at Christian schools. We may not know what exactly to believe in but at the end of the day it is our choice. We know the stories and messages that have been written down in the bible and whilst not all of it is 100% true, the messages that they are telling us are.

The religion begin since Jesus was born and he showed people what it was to truly follow God, that was the year 4 BC.Christianity has also changed to fit the American culture. For example, Christianity has traditionally taught that moral issues, such as abortion and homosexuality are wrong, but many of todays Christians are welcoming those ideas. The other ways Christianity has changed over he years is the separation of many variations of the same beliefs of God. 1.What is the sacred text for this religion? The sacred text for Catholicism are the old and new testaments, there aren't many sacred texts for this religion and that's why the old and new testaments are the only ones

2. What does there sacred text consist of?
The sacred text is divided up into three sections, the gospels and acts, letters to churches or individual and the book of revelation.

3. What are some of the stories told in this religion?
Some of the stories in this religion are Adam and Eve, cane and able, and Noah's ark, these stories are told to show Catholicism. Laws:
Ten Commandments,
Canon law ,
Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC).

The most important laws that people of this religion follow are, The Ten Commandments and the Canon Law.
The Ten Commandments are ten laws Catholics are expected to follow. They consist of:

1. I am The Lord your god. You shall have no other gods beside me.
2 . You shall not take the name of The Lord, your god, in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the lords day.
4. Honour your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.
9. You shall not covet your neighbours wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbours goods.

The Canon Law is the Catholic church's order, discipline, structures, procedures and rules.

Catholics prove that they follow these laws be attending church, accepting the sacraments and living by few values.

Values:
love, compassion, diversity, friendship, prayer, unity, service, kindness, tolerance, family, justice, unity, Respect for Human Dignity, Respect for Creation and the Environment,
Forgiveness, Peace, Faithfulness, Honesty and Integrity
Three important values that Catholics are called to do is to love one another, even our enemies, as we love ourselves, forgive one another and have faith in one another, while building loyalty, trust and peace within this world.
Catholics values also include respecting, caring and defending the environment, pursuing peace within their life, relationships and the world, serving one another humbly and unselfishly and finally believing in Gods plan.

These are the some of the important values that Catholics choose to follow. These values are proved that they are being followed by catholics choosing to live by them in their everyday life's . Also, they are presented to those who attend church.

Quotes:
Catholics are called to love even our enemies. “Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. ...If you love those who love you,” Jesus said, “what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them” (Lk. 6:27, 32).
What happens if they don't follow them? Who enforces them?

The people who don't follow the catholic values and laws, go to confession and confess their sins to a priest. They confess to the priest and ask for Gods forgiveness.

The Pope enforces these values and laws.

How do they know what the rules are and what happens if they are not followed? Where do they get this information from?

People know what the values and laws are because they are taught at a young age what the laws and values imply.

They get this information from their parents, church ministers and priests and by their own knowledge of the bible 1.What type of buildings do you find?
Roman Catholic Marian churches are religious buildings dedicated to the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary. These churches were built throughout the history of the Catholic Church, and today they can be found on every continent except Antarctica. The history of Marian church architecture tells the unfolding story of the development of Roman Catholic Mariology. You may also find small chapels.

2.Why are they important to the people of this religion?
A Catholic Church is important to Catholic people because it is the house of God and a building that should be given entirely to God's worship. However, a Catholic Church is even more important to Catholic people because they believe Our Lord Jesus Christ, who is God the Son, really dwells there in the Most Blessed Sacrament, which is really and substantially Christ's Body and Blood. Another Perspective Any church is important to its members. Religious groups that rely on rituals and observances require a place where the religious community can meet and carry on their rituals.

3.What type of activities do they perform in these buildings?
Mass , communions Eucharistic, baptisms etc. The sharia is the moral code and religious law of Islam. It's deals with Most aspects of Islam life including crime, politics and economics as well as more personal topics like diet and hygiene.
Symbols of Islam
Green in Islam
Hamsa
Islamic flags
Islamic green
Rub el Hizb
Star and crescent

Islamic rituals
Shahada/Declaration of faith
Salah/Salat/Prayer (rakah only a unit of the whole Salah)
Zakāt/Charity
Sawm/Fasting
Hajj Because they symbols allah and
show Allah that they worship her Saying "Bismillah" (in the name of God) before eating and drinking.
Using the right hand for drinking and eating.
Saying "As-Salaam Alaikum" (peace be upon you) when meeting someone and answering with "Wa 'alaikumus salam" (and peace be upon you).
Saying "Alhamdulillah" (all gratitude is for only God) when sneezing and responding with "Yarhamukallah" (God have mercy on you).
Saying the "Adhan" (prayer call) in the right ear of a newborn and the Iqama in its left.
In the sphere of hygiene, it includes:
Clipping the moustache
Cutting nails
Circumcising the male offspring
Cleaning the nostrils, the mouth, and the teeth
Cleaning the body after urination and defecation You if break a sharia law, you could go to court, but its not like normal court. There is no jury or lawyers, the trial is done completely by the judge.
Apostasy: conversion by Muslims to other religions or becoming non-religious, is strictly forbidden and classed apostasy. Most islamic country's legally impose capital punishment as the penalty A star and crescent featuring in some combination form the basis of symbols widely found across the ancient world, with examples attested from the Eastern Mediterranean and Central Asia.

An Islamic flag is a flag that complies with Islamic rules. Traditionally Islamic flags were of solid colour. The most favoured colours were black, white, red and green. However, other plain colours can be adopted. A bi-colour or tricolour flag can also be adopted as an Islamic flag. An example of a traditional solid coloured Islamic flag would be the old flag of Libya under Gaddafi. Green was used as the color of the banners of the historical The Fatimid banner was in use until 1171, and thus during the first century of the crusades, and by this way has taken influence on Christian

The hamsa is a palm-shaped amulet popular throughout the Middle East and North Africa, and commonly used in jewelry and wall hangings.Depicting the open right hand, an image recognized and used as a sign of protection in many societies throughout history, the hamsa is believed to provide defense against the evil eye You if break a sharia law, you could go to court, but its not like normal court. There is no jury or lawyers, the trial is done completely by the judge.
Apostasy: conversion by Muslims to other religions or becoming non-religious, is strictly forbidden and classed apostasy. Most islamic country's legally impose capital punishment as the penalty Islam has many social structures, it varies from country to country, culture to culture and society to society.
Islamic buildings play a big part in the islamic religion. the most important building in the islamic world is the mosque with the royal palace coming after.
Mosques where the first islamic buildings to be built. They are the most common buildings in the Islam religion and always have been.
Islamic mosques where built in a unique way because they weren't meant to last any longer than the ruler who inhabited them. Many palaces crumbled in the hot desert sun when abandoned. The islamic people use the mosques for ritual praying. They may also receive religious studies, sermons or medical services in a mosque as it is their most popular building.
Women and men don't pray together, women usually have a screened off area for them to pray in as it is against their religion to pray with people of the opposite gender.
The islamic people do specific prayers and rituals to show that they are a part of the religion and faith and that they are proud to be a part of it. The islamic people use the mosques for ritual praying. They may also receive religious studies, sermons or medical services in a mosque as it is their most popular building.
Women and men don't pray together, women usually have a screened off area for them to pray in as it is against their religion to pray with people of the opposite gender.
The islamic people do specific prayers and rituals to show that they are a part of the religion and faith and that they are proud to be a part of it. Mosques contain very little furniture inside them because Muslims use prayer mats to say their prayers on so they don't need any other furniture in the mosque.
Inside a mosque everyone has to take their shoes off so that the mosque stays clean to show respect towards others. At the mosque, there is usually a fountain or another place with water so that the people can wash. Was given to the Prophet Muhammed.
Beginning in the year 610 C.E.
Qur'an means "The Recital" in Arabic; according to the story, the angel Gabriel commanded Muhammed to "Recite!".
All Muslims must read the Qur'an. Makki teaches belief of Tawheed (Islamic belief of one god), Risalah (guidance of mankind through Allah’s selected prophets and messengers) and Aakhira (destruction of this world and the afterlife).
Whereas the Madani teaches ‘Ibadat (service to Allah) and Mu’amilat (all aspects of relationship with other people). The Qur'an mostly tells stories of how to live and the difference between good and bad.
The Story of Habil and Qabil, Harut and Marut, Dwellers of the Town, Story of the Heifer are stories of people's mistakes. What is the sacred text for this religion?

Shruti primarily refers to the Vedas is considered the primary sacred text for Hinduism (General).

2) What does their sacred text consist of, how is it divided up?
There are four Vedas, the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. It is divided up because of chanting at sacrifices. Q.1. A Hindu place of worship is called a mandir or temple. A temple is dedicated to a particular god or goddess (deity). The temple is the god's home on earth. The most holy part of the temple is an inner shrine called a garbhargriha with a statue to the god or goddess. This inner shrine is under a towering roof called a sikhara. The four corners of the temple then have smaller shrines. The temple is entered through the ardhamandapa or entrance porch. Hindu temples are often decorated with the figures of gods and goddesses. Outside Hindu temples you can often buy gifts or praised to give the diet honoured in the temple.
There is no set schedule for visits to a temple. Worshippers go when they want. When entering a temple, visitors must take off their shoes and women cover their heads to show respect. The ceremony that follows is called puja. It includes prayer and a viewing of the statue of the god or goddess honoured. Offerings of fruit, flowers and incense are made to a priest who presents them to the deity. After the deity blesses the gifts they are returned to the worshipper and their heads are marked with a red dot or blessing called a tilaka. Worshippers then circle the inner shrine with their right hand raised in respect to the deity.
It is also very common for Hindus to worship at a home shrine, often as a whole family. There might be a statue or just a picture of the god or goddess. The shrine also contains things which represent the five senses. The idea is to draw the whole person into worship through the image or statue and the senses. The goal is to get beyond self to Brahmin. A bell is also often rung to help focus the mind.
The Ganges River is a very sacred place to Hindus. It is a place to go on pilgrimage to bathe in sacred waters. Hindus also like to have their ashes scattered in the Ganges after cremation.
Sacred Hindu buildings are spread all over India but the main buildings known are Ram Mandir (Ayodhya), Dwarka Mandir and Vrindavan of Lord Krishna, Somnath Mandir, Birla Temple Delhi, Swarn Mandir

Q.2. These places are important to Hindus because they are places of worship

Q.3. Hindus pay their respects and worship their god in mandir

Q.4. Hindu leader is called Acharya. He acts as a guide or instructor in spiritual matters. Acharya is also used to refer to a Hindu scholar. There are many different Hindu groups each with a leader; Swami Narayana Hindus leader is Sahajananda Swami, The Hare Krishna Movement leader is bhakti saint Chaitanya and Ramakrishna Mission leader is Bengali saint Vivekananda Swami.

Q.5. They wore ship their god in the Mandir. ~Hinduism Values
* the authority of the Vedas (the oldest Indian sacred texts)

*the Brahmans (priests)

*Reincarnation- the existence of an enduring soul that transmigrates from one body to another at death

*Karma-a law that determines one's destiny both in this life and the next

~The Definition of a Belief is something accepted as true, especially a particular tenet or a body of tenets accepted by a group of persons. Hinduism is one of the oldest religions, its sacred scriptures date back to 1400 BC. There are 1 billion Hindus in the whole world. They believe “ the stars are god, the moon is god, the clouds are god, the trees are god, the rivers are god, the animals are god, the dirt is god, you are god, I am god and all of these things are one, equally connected to the impersonal universe that Hinduism calls god. ‘ Hindus believe there is only one God, that you should only obey one God. They learn from the Hindus priests. They are taught that there is only one God and they don’t really have anyone else to believe so they learn from their parents, elders, and teachers of Hindus.
Hindu doesn’t eat meat; most are all vegetarians and have stayed that way for thousands of years.
The Hindus have a festival every year, it’s called the festival of lights, and they light many candles and place them in the closest river or lake and watch them light up the lake. This is supposed to bring back good luck to everyone who participates and this has been a tradition for a long period of time, now tourists can participate in this event. Hindu have been continuing these traditions and this religion has grown larger and larger over the years. Buildings and traditions

Hinduism has is a very strong religion and is a very co placated tradition, it has many traditions such as, Hinduism is from India and Nepal some traditions of Hinduism include shaivism, vaiashism and straua. This religion relies on many laws and prescription for karma and dharma.

In the religion of Hinduism, a Hindu building is know to be a place of worship, for the followers of Hinduism. Some temples are known to follow a deity, but some can follow many deities, most temples are either on a hill or in the waterfalls. 1- What do people of this religion believe in?
Happiness, your mind never ceases, karma, peace, loving kindness, wisdom.
The three jewels, four noble truths, noble eightfold path.

2- they learn about all the different beliefs and they choose what they would like to believe in. They Buddha speaks to them about beliefs. Buddhism started in the 6th century.

Buddhism is a religion to over 300 million people. Living a Buddhist life means to lead a moral life, be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions and to develop wisdom and understanding. Important laws of Buddhism
Four Nobel truths:

The truth of dukkha (suffering, anxiety, dissatisfaction)
To live means to suffer, because the human nature is not perfect and neither is the world we live in.

The truth of the origin of dukkha
The second noble truth is the truth of the origin of dukkha. Within the context of the four noble truths, the origin of dukkha is commonly explained as craving conditioned by ignorance

truth of the cessation of dukkha
The third Noble Truth is the truth of the cessation of dukkha. Cessation refers to the cessation of suffering and the causes of suffering. It is
the cessation of all the unsatisfactory experiences and their causes in such a way that they can no longer occur again. It's the removal, the final absence, the cessation of those things, their non-arising.

The truth of the path leading to the cessation of dukkha
Cessation is the goal of one's spiritual practice in the Buddhist tradition. According to the Buddhist point of view, once we have developed a genuine understanding of the causes of suffering, such as craving and ignorance then we can completely eradicate these causes and making us free from suffering.
What type of buildings do you find
- Old
- big
- One colour
- Temples
Why are they important to the people of this religion?
Temple are important because that is where they go to pray.
What type of activities do they perform in these buildings?
-Gatherings
-Pray
-Freedom

What are the important roles that people of this faith have? Explain them..
Are some more important than others?
-To avoid taking life: this intention was to extend to both animal and human life
-To avoid taking when is not given: this is an intention to avoid stealing from others
-To avoid sexual misconduct: Buddhist believe that they should live their lives in ways that do not hurt other people.
-To avoid speaking falsely: this intention includes not lying, not gossiping or deliberately trying to wound someone by words.
-To avoid drinks and drugs that can cloud the mind: Buddhist believe that it is unskilful to get drunk.
What type of activities do people show of this religion perform to show that they are a person of faith? Are some more importants than others.
-Nirvana
-Karma
-Rebirth
-Sila (morality)
-Dana (generosity)
-Kshanti (patience)
-Virya (energy)
-Dhyana (concentration)
-Prajna (wisdom)
-Ana lokitesvara
-Tara
-Maitreya
-Karuna
-Mudita
Some are more important than others, because of their faith What are the rituals and symbols for this religion?
-The golden chain
-The refuge prayer
-The meal time
-The metta karuna prayer
Meditation- meditation is to help the Buddhist get closer to the path of enlightment.
Mantras- sacred sounds which get repeated over and over agin
Evoke sangha
-The body
-The speech 3 bodies of Buddha.
-The mind
How do they express their faith?
It helps them to tell stories about their life and to request guidance and protection. They be respectful for their religion. There are a lot of sacred Buddhist texts. The three main texts are tipitaka( pali canon), Mahayana sutras and Tibetan book of death. Tipitaka is a san script word meaning “three baskets” it is divided into three sections. It is the fundamental of Buddhism.

Sacred texts of Buddhism are thought to guide on the path of truth. The texts are written to outline the life of Buddha and all the events he went through. The texts provide a basic explanation of “ what’s what” in the Buddhism scriptures. There texts are divided into the categories of canonicals and non-canonical

Some stories written are the cucumber sage which is a zen story. The story is about
‘ the record of the life and teachings of Wu-wing”
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