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Adolescence Developmental Milestones

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K Grigg

on 18 September 2018

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Transcript of Adolescence Developmental Milestones

Developmental Milestones
in Adolescence

The occupational role of the adolescent

How do I fit in?
>

Family
- School

> Family structure, e.g. nuclear, single parent, etc. affects role of adolescent
- Role as a student:

parental involvement, e.g. homework help
= ↑ academic success

Peer Networks
Power Relations
Gender Identity
Formal Education
Autonomy in a sociocultural context
Sexual and biological maturation
Development of interpersonal relationships
Development of one's identity
Identity formation: clothes, music, hobbies - testing limits
Seeking independence: spending more time with friends than family

sexual/love interests = exploring sexual orientation, first intimate relationship
= potential for danger
Eriksson - Identity v Role confusion:
By exploring values and vocational goals, the young person forms a personal identity.
Negative outcome = confusion about future adult roles.

SOCIAL
PHYSICAL
Males
Females
Changes in body size, proportions, appearance, body system functions, perceptual and motor capacities, and physical health
Puberty and growth spurts
Sexual development
+
Voice break

muscle mass
Puberty and growth spurts
Sexual development
+
Wider hips, curvier
↑ body fat accumulation
These changes can exacerbate body image issues which can lead to:
- dieting
- eating disorders
- supplement or even drug use
EMOTIONAL
↑ self-understanding (but still egocentric)


independence and autonomy - ideologically, emotionally and financially

moral reasoning and behaviour
Occupational transitions may lead to emotional distress = potential for risk taking behaviour such as drug use, fighting, tardiness
Hormone fluctuations = ↑ moodiness = ↑ potential for arguments and fighting

attempts to use language in emotional communication
IDENTITY
+
INDEPENDENCE

Driver's License -
freedom but responsibility
Employment
Style, music, hobbies

Pushing boundaries
Separating identity from parents
Who am I?
Daily Occupations of Adolescents
29%
productivity
related to school
31%
self-care
: bathing, washing, dressing
40%
leisure
: playing sports, reading, talking
- time spent in leisure declines with age
References
Berndt, T. J. E., & Ladd, G. W. E. (1989). Peer Relationships in Child Development: John Wiley and Sons, Inc
Berk, Laura, Meyers, Adena 2016 History, theory, and research strategies, Infants and children, 2-49(2).
Case-Smith, J., & O'Brien, J. C. (2015). Occupational therapy for children and adolescents (Vol. Seventh). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.
Cotterell, J. (2007). Social networks in youth and adolescence (Vol. 2nd). New York;London;: Routledge.
Friedman, D., Nessler, D., Cycowicz, Y. M., & Horton, C. (2009). Development of and change in cognitive control: A comparison of children, young adults, and older adults. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioural Neuroscience, 9(1), 91-102. doi:10.3758/CABN.9.1.91
Maehr J, Felice ME (2006). Fifteen to seventeen years: Mid-adolescence-Redefining self. In SD Dixon, MT Stein, eds., Encounters With Children, 4th ed., pp. 565-598. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.
Beatriz, Luna., Padmanabhan, Arthi., O’Hearn, Kirsten. (2010). What has Fmri told us about the development of cognitive control through adolescence? Adolescent Brain Development: Current Themses and Future Directions. 71 (1). Pp 101-113.
Choudhury, Suparna., Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne., Charman, Tony. (2006). Social Cognitive Development During Adolescence. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience. 1(3). Pp. 165-174.
Christie, Deborah., Viner, Russell. (2005). ABC of adolescence Adolescent BMJ. 330(5)
Steinberg, Laurence., Lerner, Richard. Handbook of Adolescent Psychology Volume 1: Individual Bases of Adolescence.


Separation from society
Preparation or instruction from an elder
A transition (from child to adult)
Welcoming back into society with acknowledged changed status
Is Adolescence Universal?
Recognizing the neurological, physical, cognitive, and social development in adolescence
Read chapter 5-Clinical and Educational Perspectives
Assessment
Diagnosis/Classification
Treatments/Interventions
Categorical Classification Systems
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