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Adolescence Developmental Milestones
Transcript of Adolescence Developmental Milestones
The occupational role of the adolescent
How do I fit in?
> Family structure, e.g. nuclear, single parent, etc. affects role of adolescent
- Role as a student:
parental involvement, e.g. homework help
= ↑ academic success
Autonomy in a sociocultural context
Sexual and biological maturation
Development of interpersonal relationships
Development of one's identity
Identity formation: clothes, music, hobbies - testing limits
Seeking independence: spending more time with friends than family
sexual/love interests = exploring sexual orientation, first intimate relationship
= potential for danger
Eriksson - Identity v Role confusion:
By exploring values and vocational goals, the young person forms a personal identity.
Negative outcome = confusion about future adult roles.
Changes in body size, proportions, appearance, body system functions, perceptual and motor capacities, and physical health
Puberty and growth spurts
Puberty and growth spurts
Wider hips, curvier
↑ body fat accumulation
These changes can exacerbate body image issues which can lead to:
- eating disorders
- supplement or even drug use
↑ self-understanding (but still egocentric)
independence and autonomy - ideologically, emotionally and financially
moral reasoning and behaviour
Occupational transitions may lead to emotional distress = potential for risk taking behaviour such as drug use, fighting, tardiness
Hormone fluctuations = ↑ moodiness = ↑ potential for arguments and fighting
attempts to use language in emotional communication
Driver's License -
freedom but responsibility
Style, music, hobbies
Separating identity from parents
Who am I?
Daily Occupations of Adolescents
related to school
: bathing, washing, dressing
: playing sports, reading, talking
- time spent in leisure declines with age
Berndt, T. J. E., & Ladd, G. W. E. (1989). Peer Relationships in Child Development: John Wiley and Sons, Inc
Berk, Laura, Meyers, Adena 2016 History, theory, and research strategies, Infants and children, 2-49(2).
Case-Smith, J., & O'Brien, J. C. (2015). Occupational therapy for children and adolescents (Vol. Seventh). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.
Cotterell, J. (2007). Social networks in youth and adolescence (Vol. 2nd). New York;London;: Routledge.
Friedman, D., Nessler, D., Cycowicz, Y. M., & Horton, C. (2009). Development of and change in cognitive control: A comparison of children, young adults, and older adults. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioural Neuroscience, 9(1), 91-102. doi:10.3758/CABN.9.1.91
Maehr J, Felice ME (2006). Fifteen to seventeen years: Mid-adolescence-Redefining self. In SD Dixon, MT Stein, eds., Encounters With Children, 4th ed., pp. 565-598. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.
Beatriz, Luna., Padmanabhan, Arthi., O’Hearn, Kirsten. (2010). What has Fmri told us about the development of cognitive control through adolescence? Adolescent Brain Development: Current Themses and Future Directions. 71 (1). Pp 101-113.
Choudhury, Suparna., Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne., Charman, Tony. (2006). Social Cognitive Development During Adolescence. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience. 1(3). Pp. 165-174.
Christie, Deborah., Viner, Russell. (2005). ABC of adolescence Adolescent BMJ. 330(5)
Steinberg, Laurence., Lerner, Richard. Handbook of Adolescent Psychology Volume 1: Individual Bases of Adolescence.
Separation from society
Preparation or instruction from an elder
A transition (from child to adult)
Welcoming back into society with acknowledged changed status
Is Adolescence Universal?
Recognizing the neurological, physical, cognitive, and social development in adolescence
Read chapter 5-Clinical and Educational Perspectives
Categorical Classification Systems