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OCHA Presentation - NOHA 2012
Transcript of OCHA Presentation - NOHA 2012
Warsaw, September 2012
ASSISTANCE SYSTEM OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Upon request OCHA assists governments in mobilizing international assistance when the scale of the disaster exceeds the national capacity.
THE KEY ACTORS
Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)
Humanitarian Country Teams
Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP)
UN COORDINATION MECHANISMS
share, manage and communicate information
identify gaps and overlaps
setup and maintain early warning systems
jointly assess/prepare consolidated appeal
agree standards/negotiate access
joint training/capacity building
integrated assistance strategy
WHAT DO WE ACTUALLY MEAN BY COORDINATION?
WHY DO WE NEED COORDINATION?
We need to deal with a multiplicity of actors.
We need to work with limited resources.
We need to avoid the politicization of aid.
We need to avoid gaps, duplications, and assure the responsibility of each humanitarian partner.
MULTIPLICITY OF ACTORS
U.N. Agencies and Programmes and International Organizations
NGOs (international & local)
Red Cross Movement
Private companies and individuals
THE UN CHARTER
PRINCIPLES FOR HUMANITARIAN ACTION
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 1.3:
“ … to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character…
… through …
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 1.4:
… becoming a centre for harmonizing actions.”
COORDINATION CHALLENGES IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE
THE HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM
OCHA's ROLE IN
OCHA is advocacy voice for the Emergency Relief Coordinator on issues such as protection of civilians, access, internal displacement, impact of sanctions, civil-military relations, gender, and disaster reduction.
OCHA takes a lead role in advocating humanitarian issues in inter-Governmental bodies – General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, as well as the Security Council.
1991: General Assembly Resolution 46/182 created the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) as the focal point and voice for humanitarian emergencies.
The same resolution created the Department for Humanitarian Affairs (became OCHA in 1998), the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).
Clusters strengthen partnerships and responses to humanitarian emergencies by clarifying the division of labor among aid organizations.
OCHA’S CORE FUNCTIONS
OCHA HAS FIVE CORE FUNCTIONS
Management of humanitarian information
OCHA HAS FOUR CLEAR GOALS
To alleviate human suffering in disasters and emergencies.
To advocate for the rights of people in need.
To promote preparedness and prevention.
To facilitate sustainable solutions.
OCHA mobilizes and coordinates effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT:
Humanitarian news and analysis irinnews.org
Humanitarian information humanitarianinfo.org/iasc
OCHA publications unocha.org
Humanitarian Financing fts.unocha.org
What you see is just the tip....
HUMANITARIAN COORDINATION IN A CRISIS
HUMANITARIAN COUNTRY TEAM
HUMANITARIAN COUNTRY TEAM
UN MEMBER STATES
When crisis hit.....
NATIONAL RED CROSS