Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

OCHA Presentation - NOHA 2012

Overview of the international humanitarian system and OCHAs role.
by

Agnes Björn

on 13 August 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of OCHA Presentation - NOHA 2012

NOHA Intensive Programme 2012
Warsaw, September 2012

THE HUMANITARIAN
ASSISTANCE SYSTEM OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Upon request OCHA assists governments in mobilizing international assistance when the scale of the disaster exceeds the national capacity.
THE KEY ACTORS

GLOBAL:
Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)

COUNTRY LEVEL:
Humanitarian Coordinators
Humanitarian Country Teams
OCHA
Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP)
Clusters
UN COORDINATION MECHANISMS
INFORMATION SHARING
share, manage and communicate information
identify gaps and overlaps
setup and maintain early warning systems

COORDINATED PLANNING
jointly assess/prepare consolidated appeal
agree standards/negotiate access
joint training/capacity building
integrated assistance strategy

COORDINATED IMPLEMENTATION
co-funding/share personnel/resources
operational integration
WHAT DO WE ACTUALLY MEAN BY COORDINATION?
WHY DO WE NEED COORDINATION?


We need to deal with a multiplicity of actors.

We need to work with limited resources.

We need to avoid the politicization of aid.

We need to avoid gaps, duplications, and assure the responsibility of each humanitarian partner.
MULTIPLICITY OF ACTORS
Governments
U.N. Agencies and Programmes and International Organizations
NGOs (international & local)
Civil Society
Red Cross Movement
Peacekeeping Missions
Donor Governments
Private companies and individuals
Military
THE UN CHARTER
PRINCIPLES FOR HUMANITARIAN ACTION
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 1.3:

“ … to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character…

… through …
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 1.4:

… becoming a centre for harmonizing actions.”
COORDINATION CHALLENGES IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Security
Access
Reliable Information
Logistics
Political Constraints
Coordination Mechanisms
Funding
THE HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM
COORDINATION OF
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

OCHA's ROLE IN
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE

ADVOCACY RESPONSIBILITIES
OCHA is advocacy voice for the Emergency Relief Coordinator on issues such as protection of civilians, access, internal displacement, impact of sanctions, civil-military relations, gender, and disaster reduction.

OCHA takes a lead role in advocating humanitarian issues in inter-Governmental bodies – General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, as well as the Security Council.
OCHA’S MANDATE
1991: General Assembly Resolution 46/182 created the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) as the focal point and voice for humanitarian emergencies.
The same resolution created the Department for Humanitarian Affairs (became OCHA in 1998), the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).
THE CLUSTER
APPROACH
Clusters strengthen partnerships and responses to humanitarian emergencies by clarifying the division of labor among aid organizations.
OCHA’S CORE FUNCTIONS
OCHA HAS FIVE CORE FUNCTIONS

Humanitarian coordination
Humanitarian advocacy
Policy development
Management of humanitarian information
Humanitarian Financing
OCHA’S MISSION
OCHA HAS FOUR CLEAR GOALS
To alleviate human suffering in disasters and emergencies.
To advocate for the rights of people in need.
To promote preparedness and prevention.
To facilitate sustainable solutions.
OCHA mobilizes and coordinates effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT:
Reliefweb reliefweb.int
Humanitarian news and analysis irinnews.org
Humanitarian information humanitarianinfo.org/iasc
OCHA publications unocha.org
Humanitarian Financing fts.unocha.org
QUESTIONS?
What you see is just the tip....
UNHCR
WFP
UNICEF
UNDP
IFRC
ICRC
NGOs
HUMANITARIAN COORDINATION IN A CRISIS
HUMANITARIAN COUNTRY TEAM
HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR
HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATIONS
HUMANITARIAN COUNTRY TEAM
UNFPA
HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR
DONOR GOVERNMENTS
OCHA HQ
UNDAC
UNSG
PRIVATE DONORS
MILITARY ACTORS
LOCAL NGOs
MEDIA
POLITICAL ACTORS
HOST GOVERNMENT
UN MEMBER STATES
PRIVATE COMPANIES
FOUNDATIONS
SECURITY ACTORS
When crisis hit.....
AFFECTED PEOPLE
NATIONAL RED CROSS
OSOCC
Full transcript