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Duncan Richey

on 23 May 2013

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Transcript of Islam


When a Muslim dies it is tradition to cleanse the body and wrap it in white clothes and if possible bury them that very day.
Special scriptures are read as the man or women near death. Death is a very important part of the Muslim religion. Islam began with a man named Muhammad. Muhammad was born in Makkah(Mecca in many English writings) 570 A.D. and was a descendant of Abraham, who is also in the Jewish and Christian faith.
At age 40 Muhammad received his first revelation from God(known as Allah in Arabic) through the Angel of Gabriel.
Muhammad began to preach what God had showed him and started to attract many followers. As a result of persecution Muhammad was commanded by God to leave Mecca in 622 A.D. Muhammad migrated to the city Yathrib(today known as Madina)
After many years Muhammad and his followers returned to Mecca in 628 A.D. and established Islam as the city's religion.
Muhammad died at the age of 63 in 632 A.D. By the time Muhammad died Islam had already spread to most of present-day Saudi Arabia. The total number of Muslims in the world is about 1.57 billion. This is about 20% worlds population.

Islam is the worlds 2nd largest religion but is growing rapidly.

You might expect the country to have the largest number of Muslims to be in the Middle East, but it is actually Indonesia. Indonesia has approximately 205 million or 13% of the Muslim world population.

The number of Muslims in the United States is about 2.6 million. Many Muslims believe Islam existed before Muhammad and that Muhammad was the last and greatest prophet from a series of Prophets.

The Muslim set of beliefs is best summarized by the "Six Articles of Faith"
1. Believe in Allah(God) as the one and only God
2. Believe in the holy scriptures
3. Believe in angels.
4. Believe in the Prophets.
5. Believe in the Day of Judgment.
- the day when the life of each human being is judged to determine whether they go to heaven or hell.
6. Believe in Predestination.

There are also 5 fundamentals to Islam called The Five Pillars. which are the base of Islam. The Five Pillars
There is no God worthy of worship except the one God and Muhammad is the messenger of God. A Muslim prays five times a day facing the city of Mecca, as a direct link to God. Alms giving. A muslim should give to charity generously as an act of purification and growth. Fasting during the month of Ramadan as an act of self- purification. If physically and financially able a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Mecca. Shahadah Salat Zakat Sawm Hajj Important Holidays Eid al- Adha: A four day holiday that occurs during the height of Hajj, or the pilgrimage to Mecca. Also known as the Day of Sacrifice, this holiday remembers the story when Abraham was ready to sacrifice his son at the request of God. During this holiday Muslims who can afford to sacrifice domestic animals, usually sheep.

EId al-Fitr: This is the first day of the 10th month which is also the end of Ramadan. Many Muslims decorate their houses and give gifts to relatives to celebrate.

Al-Hijra/Muharram: This is the Muslim new year.

Mawlid al-Nabi: This is the celebration of the Prophet Muhammad's birthday. Some Muslims disapprove of celebrating his birthday.

Lailat al Qadr: Known as the Night of Power. This marks the night that the Qur'an was first shown to Muhammad. Some Muslims consider this one of the most important events in history. Modern Lifestyle and Culture One of the major focuses of Islam is prayer five times a day. This practice is represented by the second pillar of Islam. Muslims pray at dawn, midday, late afternoon, just after sunset, and between sunset and midnight. Religious Taboos:

Muslims prohibit the drinking of wine and for many this translates into most forms of alcohol.
Pork is also considered to be forbidden in the Muslim culture.
Gambling is not allowed for it puts the man and his family at risk.
Marriage is a time for celebration. It is important in life.
Abortion is forbidden and no child is favored over another.
Mothers are highly respected. Muslims worship in buildings called mosques.

Muslims consider the mosque as a space for the community to get together and worship. They do not believe the mosque to be a sacred space like a church is.

In the mosque is a pulpit that is faced in the direction of Mecca.

The distinctive feature of a mosque is the minaret, or the tower where a man known as the muzzan calls people to worship.

Muslim Prayer Style: Muslims pray five times a day facing Mecca in order to fulfill the Salat. Different Branches of Islam Islam is broken down into two main branches, the Sunni, and Shi'a (Shiite). Muslims recognize these prophets as being sent by God:
- do not believe he is the son of god

These prophets are believed to have preached Islam faith but it was Muhammad who came in and clarified the faith. Additional information on Muhammad Believed to be the last and greatest of the Islamic Prophets.
He received the Qur'an over a period of 23 years
Known as "The Messenger of God" The History:
The division between Sunni and Shi'a is the oldest division in the religion. Their split originated over a debate about who should succeed The Prophet Muhammad, after his death in 632, as Caliph (or leader).

A large percentage of the Muslims appointed Abu Bakr to lead the state. Abu was close with Muhammad and therefore seemed to be fit for the position.

A smaller group disagreed with Abu's rule, and argued that the next ruler should follow Muhammad's lineage. This group sought to appoint Muhammad's son-in-law, Ali, as their leader.

Although Abu Bakr was eventually appointed, this was cause for the split. The Sunni Muslims followed Abu and the Shi'as descend from Ali. Beliefs:

Although originally only separated by a minor disagreement, the Sunni and Shi'a aspects of Islam have grown apart as time has passed. One distinct difference is how the two branches see the Haddith and the Sunnah. These books are narrations of Muhammad's life.

The Sunni branch of Islam accepts all transcripts in the book to be true.

The Shi'a's feel more drawn to only those linked with the Prophet and followers. The Branches Today:

Sunnis make up 83% of the Muslim population. Shi'as represent another 16%.

Shi'a Muslims make up nearly all of Iran's population. Shi'a muslims make up a majority of the Muslim population in Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Iraq. The holiest city in islam is the city of Makkah(Mecca).
- This is the birthplace of Muhammad and contains the holiest object in Islam, al-Ka'ba, a cube shaped structure which stands at the center of the Great Mosque, al- Haram al- Sharif. This structure is believed to have been built by Abraham and Ishmael. It contains a black stone that was given to Abraham by the Angel Gabriel.

The 2nd holiest location in Islam is Madinah(Medina). This is the city Muhammad moved to after he faced persecution in Mecca for his beliefs.

Jerusalem is another holy city. It contains the Dome of the Rock. This is the shrine, not mosque, where Muhammad ascended into heaven. Clothing:

Attire is a big part of Islamic Culture. The Qur'an teaches modesty in clothing.
Burqa- Outer facial covering or mask, traditionally worn by women.
Clothing can also depict marital or social status.
Blue coverings shows single while red or orange signifies marriage. Members of the upper class may also choose to wear a veil Adhering to the dietary practices or refraining from eating pork or consuming wine. Attending services on Fridays to hear sermons and pray as a group. Following the practices of dress and behavior as outlined in the Qur'an. Most Muslims speak some arabic. Makkah(Mecca): The holiest city in Islam

Qur'an: The holiest book in Islam

Ramadan: The holiest month in Islam. It celebrates the month the Qur'an was first revealed to Muhammad.

Mosque: Place of worship

Sunni: Majority branch of Islam

Shi'a: Minority branch of Islam The holiest book in Islam is the Qur'an. it was given to Muhammad from the angel Gabriel over a period of 23 years. Not a single word has been changed since it was first written.

The Hadith is another holy book because it contains the records of what Muhammad said, did, and approved. Worship Key Terms Basic Beliefs Origin of Islam Important People Location What is Holy? Important Rituals Islam Ramadan: The holiest month in the Islamic calendar. It occurs during the ninth month of the Islamic year. This was the month that the Qu'ran was revealed to Muhammad.
During the month of Ramadan Muslims 12 and older fast during the daylight hours in order to grow a closer relationship with God. Starts July 9th this year.
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