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Copy of Social and political reforms of Victorian Age

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by

Pier Paolo Ferrari

on 3 November 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Social and political reforms of Victorian Age

Social and political reforms of Victorian Age
Realized by
Francesco (x2), Flavio, Alessandro

Licensing Act
The Act creates an offence of being drunk in public with a maximum fine of level 1 on the standard scale(currently £200);
The Act restricted the closing times in public houses, restricted the closing times in public houses;
It was an unpopular Act for the working classes and there were a number of near riots when police tried to enforce closing hours.
Trade Union Act 1871
Repeal of the corn laws
The Corn Laws were tariffs on imported food during the early to mid-1800s designed to keep cereal prices high to favour producers in Great Britain. The laws did indeed raise food prices and became the focus of opposition from urban groups who had far less political power than rural Britain
The Education Act 1870
Ballot Act 1872
The Ballot Act was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections in the United Kingdom be held by secret ballot
Cartoon: Richard Cobden as Organ-Grinder
Social Reforms
The Sanitary Act 1866
Ballot Act Introduction
The Poor Laws Amendment Act
The Factory Acts
The First Reform Act
Political Reforms
The 1867 and 1884 Reform Acts
Optimization of boroughs and Parliament's seats, according to cities'population
The franchise is broadened, considering class condition
With this two reform bills the British electorate now totalled over 5,500,000
Nevertheless universal suffrage
wasn't established
It was the classic example of the fundamental Whig-Benthamite reforming legislation of the period.

It constituted a virtual administrative revolution: a central commission not under direct ministerial or parliamentary control
New Poor Law poster, 1834
The Factory Acts were a series of Acts concentrated on regulating the conditions of industrial employment, but they were unenforced until the Act of 1833,that established a Factory Inspectorate.
An "Harper's weekly" cartoon
The Act established a system of 'school board' to build and manage schools in areas where they were needed. The boards were locally elected bodies which drew their funding from the local rates. Unlike the voluntary schools, religious teaching in the board schools was to be 'non-denominational'
Under the stimulus of yet another cholera epidemic, the Sanitary Act of that year made it compulsory for local authorities to provide sanitary inspection and suppress nuisances in their areas
Trade Union Act was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which legalised trade unions for the first time in the United Kingdom. This was one of the founding pieces of legislation in UK labour law, though it has today been superseded by the Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1992
Election Day
By William Hogarth, 1807
Full transcript