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Early Modern Timeline (1450-1750 C.E.)
Transcript of Early Modern Timeline (1450-1750 C.E.)
(1534 C.E.) Early Modern Period Timeline By: Wahib Farooqui Founding of Ottoman Empire
1281 C.E. Develops as part of the Protestant Reformation
King Henry VIII of England challenges papal authority on issue of divorce.
Led to King and much of England joining the Protestant Reformation and creating the Anglican Church (aka the Church of England. Most well known for sacking Constantinople (Renamed Istanbul) in 1453 and bringing an official end to Byzantine Empire
Modeled previous Islamic empires, but took Islamic civilization to the next level.
Military leaders and the warrior aristocracy were key elements in the success of the Ottoman Empire… and also key components in it’s downfall. First Europeans land in the "New World"
1492 C.E. The European explorers began looking for faster and more direct routes to Asia, but in turn found the "Americas" (New World)
After Christopher Columbus's discovery of the "Americas," it led to other great discoveries such as; Brazil, St. Lawrence River, and Jamestown.
With the founding of the "New World," colonization and mercantilism increased as well as trade systems such as; Colombian Exchange and the Triangular Trade. Ming Dynasty Begins in China
1368 C.E. Treaty of Tordesillas
1494 C.E. Treaty was signed in order to settle the land dispute over the small explored portion of Brazil. It divided the lands between Portugal and Spain. Spain claimed everything west of the Papal line of Demarcation, while Portugal got everything to the east. Russians win Independence from Mongols
1472 C.E. Ivan the Great led the rebellion to overthrow the Mongols. He then unites the Russian-city states, names himself tsar, and begins autocratic rule. After the rebellion, Russia was left in shambles and needed much work on its economic, political and cultural rule. Vasco de Gama's voyage to India
1497-1498 C.E. He landed in India in 1498, and instigated annual voyages from Portugal to the Indian Ocean. It also resulted in opening up a trade route from Europe to India and the East Indies. Ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
One of the reasons the dynasty fell was due to the economic crisis because of a lack of silver, their chief medium of exchange.
Time of prosperity in China. Beginning of the Atlantic Slave Trade
1450 C.E. Early Portuguese contacts set the pattern for contact with the African coast.
Slave trade expanded to meet labor demands in the new American colonies.
Estimated 12 million slaves were transported (1450-1850), with a 10-20% mortality rate. Martin Luther 95 Theses
1517 C.E. German monk in 1517 opposed to the selling of “indulgences” or grants of salvation (basically buying your way into heaven)Wrote the 95 Theses (propositions) that protested the claims of the papacy
Led to the Lutheran version of Protestantism Magellan circumnavigates the Globe
1519-1522 C.E. Spanish Explorer
His crew made the first round-the-world voyage
Proved for certain that the world was round First British colony settled in North America
1607 C.E. First colony created was Jameston. Colonists given permission by the King of England. Colonists on board the ships were alll men and were a group of investors with no other skills. Christianity banned in Japan
1614 C.E. Banned mainly because of fear of further Christian military expedition.
Ieyasu, persecuted them further by hunting and killing Christians.
Later sparked rebellion by the christian converts already in Japan. But were easily overwhelmed. Reign of King Louis XIV
1643-1715 C.E. Absolute Monarchist
Set tariffs on imported goods
Got rid of feudalism in France, brought in absolute monarchy system. Life of Peter the Great
1672-1725 C.E. Started "Westernization" in Russia
Constructed St. Petersburgh (His crowing achievement)
Made many other reforms such as: womens rights, high taxes, establishing army and navy. Great Britain abolishes slavery in West Indies
1833 C.E. During European Enlightenment, slavery came to be seen as immoral and inhumane.
John Wesley and William Wilberforce started an abolition movement against slavery.
After Britain ending their slave trade, they started imposing it on other countries and the West Indies.