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Lab safety : COSSH
Transcript of Lab safety : COSSH
Department of Biomedical Science Contents Reference Introduction hunter wandered around the earth Learned to manupulate fire and use it Protection , cooking
first conflict human had with nature . Domesticate animals and farming
settling down protect the poeple and the environemnt Hospitals
Collages , universities Regulations Diseases and Dangerous occurrence Regulations ( RIDDOR) Health and Safety at work ACT (HSWA) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health ACT (COSHH) which will pulute
potentially harmful Diseases and Dangerous occurrence Regulations ( RIDDOR) Health and Safety at work ACT (HSWA) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health ACT (COSHH) COSHH is the law that requires employers to control substances that are hazardous to health United Kingdom Statutory Instrument What is COSHH Used in
Ware house Main aims of COSHH is ...
Identifying the Hazardous substances
Providing mesures to reduce the harm
instructing the workers
Planing for emergencies Hazardous substances COSHH covers chemicals
products containing chemicals
gases and asphyxiating gases and
biological agents (germs). lead,
radioactive substances Hazardous substances COSHH Doesn't covers these have their own specific regulations. Fume laden air Wood workers Quarry workers Lung diseases Benzine in Crude oil Oil workers Leukemia Flammable liquids Hazards Gas station Who COSHH applies to 1. If an organization , company , workplace has employees dealing with hazardous substances
2. If its an individual who takes Hazardous substances to others premisses Risk assessment Identify the hazardous substances Safer alternative Safer method to use the substance Use safer alternative No Yes Use safer method Yes No Unavoidable Exposure Adequate Control measures Yes Train employees Inform Employees Monitor The health and saftey at work act is regulation of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The act mainly targets on Instruments relevant to the working environment.
The main motive of the act is to protect the employer , employee and the others from potential harm Duties of the employers Protecting the health, safety and welfare of staff
Maintaining and monitoring safe instruments for the work place
Proper handling, storing and transporting the substances used
Providing a safe workplace for the work place with a safe entrance and exit
Providing information, instruction, training and supervision to the employees .
Providing a written safety policy (if there are 5 or more staff)
Carry out risk assessments (in writing if 5 or more staff) Duties of the employees Following safety rules and regulations
An employee shouldn’t interfere with any safety device
Accidents should be reported as soon as it happens
Report any potential hazards or risks Is also a Statutory Instrument of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
by this act reporting of
is the necessary obligation by the authority if not its termed as a crime . Efferent Lymphoid vessel Afferent Lymphoid vessel Primary lymphoid follicle Secondary lymphoid follicle Germinal Center Capsule Artery Vein Marginal sinus Medulary sinus Medulary chords All containers , bottles , should be properly labeled with the standard COSSH signs COSHH In laboratories The laboratory consists of many hazardous substances including
Infectious organisms Chemicals Infectious organisms An Organism unlikely to cause human disease . An Organism which causes severe human disease
serious hazard to employees
likely to spread to the community and there is usually no effective
prophylaxis or effective treatment available. Hazard group 4 An Organism which causes severe human disease
risk of spreading to the communityusually effective prophylaxis or effective treatment available. Hazard group 3
An Organism which can cause human disease and may be a hazard
unlikely to spread to the community
treatments available . Hazard group 2 Hazard group 1 Permitted in teaching and research laboratories eg S. bovis ,Proteus mirabilis ,S. mutans, S. pyogenes only be used in an approved laboratory
the radioactive Hazards should be handled properly with proper supervision
the employees must me informed and trained All pharmaceuticals should be kept in secure conditions.
With proper storage facility
All poisons must be stored in a locked cabinet.
Maintained with proper care Radioactive hazards Poisons Pharmaceuticals Specimen disposal and hazardous waste Laboratory and hospitals contains many specimens which are harmful
therefore proper disposal protocols should be practiced hazards related to specimen hazards related to specimen Syringes, needles, and I.V. sets
Dressings from draining wounds
Any material which comes in contact with a draining wound
Human tissue/specimen not sent for pathological evaluation
Blood elements and secretions
Any other material presenting a threat of infection infectious Hazardous Basic regulations of the act o Proper ventilation
The premisses should be clean and properly maintained
Proper seating should be installed
Proper toilet facilities
Minimal temperature 60 F
Drinking water should be available
First Aid kit should be installed with adequate items : employee should be able to use it when needed
adequete spacing should be provided for each person and storage facilities
Natural or adequate artificial lighting should be provided Quality control and quality assurance Quality : 'The totality of features and characteristics of a product or a service , and the ability to satisfy the consumer needs . ' Quality management : assembly and management of all works related to maintaining the quality of the product or service provided Quality management Quality Control Quality Assurance Quality in the laboratory Accurate results
Results within a short period of time
Patient and physician satisfaction
Maintaining patient history
Will reduce wastage
Increase the net profit with best services
Will notify exactly the errors are made there for training can be done properly Quality Control quality control in the laboratory should be implemented to maintain routine technical activities to measure and control the activities . Main functions of QC: 1. Mundane accuracy checks
2. Identification of errors
3. Document proper record system Quality Control Protocol First line control Second line control Third line control Fourth line control Instrument performance check Checking calibration and standardization Batch control Overall check Quality assurance Quality assuarance is normally done by a person who is not directly involved in the compilation and development process the protocol is a planed system of reviews The personal should
make sure that the services and the products meet the quality objectives .
measure the error levels
identify where the errors are made ISO (International Organization for Standardization) ISO is a world wide federation for standardization
helps in making the laboratory more efficient and effective SLSI (Sri lanka Standards institution ) Sri Lanka Standards Institution (SLSI) is the National Standards Body of Sri Lanka Caerphilly Business Park Caerphilly CF83 3GG
Tel 0845 3009923
Fax 08453009924 INCIDENT CONTACT CENTRE Regulations and Control systems in Health care facilities Laboratory Hospital Conclusion Regulations main motive is to provide best service to the citizens and to protect the employees , consumers from the hazards in the system .
by law it is essential to follow the regulations and work according to it
it will be punishable crime if anyone( employee or employer ) fails to fulfill his or her duties .
the quality systems are maintained to satisfy the customer and to produce better products and services .
Maintaining good quality will increase the overall profit of the organization . Introduction
Regulations Diseases and Dangerous occurrence Regulations ( RIDDOR) Health and Safety at work ACT (HSWA) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health ACT (COSHH) Hazardous specimens and disposal
Quality Assurance Quality Control and Quality Assurance THANK YOU Questions? World population today - 7 Billion early man was a hunter Manipulation of Fire DOMESTICATION Farming Industrialization Modern World Employees Common citizens Environment hematopoetic progenitor cell Dendritic cell Magakaryocyte Erythrocyte Platelets Basophil Eosinophil Neutrophil Monocyte Myaloid progenitor cell B-Cells T-Cells Natural Killer cells Multipotent stem cell Lymphoid progenitor cell Erythrocyte 6µm Naive Lymphocytes Natural Killer cells B-Cells T-Cells When presented with antigen Lymphoblast Effector Cells Memory cells B-Cells T-Cells Plasma cells T-Helper Cells Cytotoxic T-Cells Antigen Short Life Span Long Life Span ER Russels Bodies Golgi Aparatus Macrophages Monocytes Polimorpho nuclear cells Neutrophil Basophil Eosinophil