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Buddhism

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David Hall

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Buddhism

Six Realms to be Reborn:
1. Heaven: the home of the gods (enchanting, joyous, and long lived) subdivided into 26 different levels of increasing happiness.
2. Realm of Humanity: suffering, but greatest chance to achieve enlightenment.
3. Realm of Titan or Angry gods: warlike beings at mercy of angry impulses.
4. Realm of Hungry Ghosts: unhappy, bound beings because of strong attachments and unsatisfactions of craving.


Buddhism
History
Origin and Founder

Membership/Locations
Any race or gender is allowed to try to find enlightenment with the Buddhists.
There is about 376 million Buddhists in the world.

Major Beliefs/Guiding Principle
Holy Textbooks
Three parts: Suntra, Abhidharma, and Vinaya
Suntra- Sermons from Buddha
Abhidharma- Philosophical discourse
Vinaya- Rules of monastic life; anywhere from dress code to dietary rules
Leadership/Titles
Leadership structure varies from region to region and sect to sect.
In Japanese Zen Buddhism, the Roshi, are in charge of teaching novices.
Usually a heirachy or family based business.
Usually a head monk in charge of practical business, running the institution.
Monks preform rituals on request (funerals, the ceremonies on the ritual calendar, telling fortunes, creating calligraphic seals for tourists, etc.
Larger monasteries, have a more central governing bodies.

Buddhism was founded around the late 6th century, more specifically in 520 B.C.
Siddharta Gautama, was named ¨The Buddha¨, or the founder, and was also Indian Prince.
Born in the Lumbini, Southern Nepal, Siddhartha left his home at a young age of 29 years, in search of enlightenment.
There were 4 councils in the beginning of Buddhism, to settle and solve conflicts in the areas where they were located.

Major Events-
1
. Buddhist New Year
-In some countries like Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Laos, the new year is celebrated for three days, starting on the first full moon day in April.
2.
Vesak
-This festival celebrates the birthday of Buddha. In one day, the Buddhists celebrate the birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha. This festival takes place on the first full moon of May.
3.
Magha Puja Day
-Magha Puja Day takes places on the first full moon day of the third lunar month (March). This holy day is to commemorate an important event in the life of the Buddha, the fourfold assembly.The day commemorates a time when 1,250 enlightened monks, disciples of the historical Buddha, spontaneously came together to pay respect to the Buddha.
4.
The Ploughing Festival
-This festival takes place in May, when the moon is half-full. Two white oxen pull a gold painted plough, followed by four girls dressed in white, throwing rice seeds from baskets. This is to celebrate the Buddha’s first moment of enlightenment, which happened when Buddha was seven years old. He had gone with his father to watch the ploughing.
5.
Loy Krathong
-This festival takes place on the full moon night of the Twelfth Lunar month. People bring bowls made of leaves, which contain flowers, candles and incense sticks. People float them in water and as they walk along, hoping that all bad luck will disappear.
History
Places, Events, and People
Deities
Buddhism
By: Miles Priebe, Audrey Makope, Lucas Miller, Giovani Cardelli, and David Hall
Symbols
Rituals
Branches and Sects
Life After Death
The Buddha said of death:

Life is a journey.
Death is a return to earth.
The universe is like an inn.
The passing years are like dust.
Works Cited
"Buddhism." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p.,
n.d.Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
"History of Buddhism." , Buddhism History, Buddhism
Religion History, Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Glossary of Buddhism." - ReligionFacts. N.p., n.d.
Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"Loy Krathong Festival, November 6, 2014." Home.
N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"10 Main Buddhists Festivals." Buddhism. N.p., n.d.
Web. 19 Nov. 2014.
"The Lotus Symbol in Buddhism." Buddhist Lotus
Symbol. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
"Religious Tolerance -- All Points of View." Religious
Tolerance -- All Points of View. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
"Buddhist Studies: The Eight Auspicious Symbols." Buddhist Studies:
The Eight Auspicious Symbols. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
"Siddhartha Gautama." Siddhartha Gautama. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
"Http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-branches-of-buddhism-thervada-mahayana-vajrayana.html#lesson." N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
"Buddhism." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.
"Buddhist Beliefs about the Afterlife." Reincarnation and Afterlife in
Buddhism. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014.
"Contents of The page." How to Become a Bhikkhu (Buddhist Monk).
N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014. <http://en.dhammadana.org/sangha/monks/become.htm>.
Hardy, Julia. "Region Library: Buddhism." Leadership. Patheos, n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014.
Pictures courtesy of Google
Videos courtesy of YouTube
"Vihara." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Nov. 2014. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
"Buddhism Interesting Facts." : Fun Facts about Buddhist Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014.
"Cool Facts." Interesting Facts about Buddhism, Hinduism ,Muslims and Christians for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
Video
Attainment of Enlightenment:
1. Aim to attain final liberation called Nirvana
2. Instruments used are mind and body
3. Procedure is to follow the four noble turths, eight-fold path

Tripitaka
The Lotus flower, or ¨padma¨, is one of the 8 auspicious symbols. The roots of the flower growing into the mud signify the path that a mortal must take from the mud of materialism to the surface of enlightenment.
The Tibetan Wheel of LIfe, symbolizes the Buddhist perspective on life and has many inner themes and symbols.
The Buddhist Wheel Symbol, represents the teachings of Buddha. Believers feel that the Buddha ¨turned the wheel of Dharma¨.
Buddha’s Four Noble
Truths:
There is suffering
There is cause for suffering
There is cessation of suffering
There is path leading to the cessation of suffering.

Eight-Fold Path
:
1. Right View
2. Right Intention
3. Right Speech
4. Right Livelihood
5. Right Effort
6. Right Action
7. RIght Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration
Buddhism is a non-theistic philosophy. Although Bhudda (Siddhartha Gautama) is comonly thought of by many as the god of Buddhism, he is not. In Buddhism, people become "their own god" by becoming enlightened. This is acheived through meditation, meditation, and even more meditation.
Shared Beliefs With Hinduism:
Karma:
is the sum total of an individual’s actions of body, speech, and mind taken in their current and previous lives.
Dharma:
part of the teachings of Buddha; a person’s path to enlightenment & the fundamental principles that order the universe.
Reincarnation:
the rebirth of a living being after death into a new body that is either a human, animal, or spiritual being.


Symbols Continued
The Conch Shell, is a symbol in Buddhism, that represents an emblem of power, authority and sovereignty whose blast is believed to banish evil spirits, avert natural disasters, and scare away poisonous creatures.
The Eight Auspicious symbols were very important in the Buddhist religion. They symbolized enlightenment, victory over obstacles and enemies, migrating from place to place, protection,endless rain, wealth, prosperity, and other things that contributed to the growth of the Buddha.
The Bodhi Tree, Bo, or ¨Peeple Tree¨ in Nepal, represents the place of the Buddha's enlightenment, and is therefore sacred geographically. It is ancient. Some would say it is the mythical World Tree. Thus, it is sacred temporally. It was said to rain blossoms.
Sects and Branches Continued
Mahayana, Theravada, and Vajrayana, are the three major branches of Buddhism.
Theravada, "the lesser vehicle" is the earliest form of Buddhism, it stresses moral discipline and believes that enlightenment can only come from closely following the path of the Buddha.
Mahayana, "the greater vehicle", believes that the faithful are reborn in other worlds.
Vajrayana, Tibetan Buddhism that has many rituals and values respect towards women.
Siddhartha Gautama was also the founder and leader of a sect of wanderer ascetics (Sramanas), one of many sects that existed at that time all over India. This sect came to be known as Sangha to distinguish it from other similar communities.
Continued Beliefs
Buddhist Ceremony
Meditation:
vanpissna (insight) and samatha (tranquilty)
Mantras:
sanskrit word that means "that which protects the mind."
Mundras:
sacred hand gestures during Meditation to evoke ideas or Buddhas.
Prayer Wheel:
hollow cylinders that are carried by Pilgrims, representing Wheel of Law.


Mundras
5. The Animal Realm: undesirable because animals are exploited by human beings, and do not have the necessary self-awareness to achieve liberation
6. Hell Realm: where people are tortured in creative ways, but not for eternity, just until you work off your karma.
Definition of...
Dietary rules
Buddha
[boo-duh, boo d-uh]

noun
1.
Also called Butsu, Gautama, Gautama Buddha. (Prince Siddhāttha or Siddhartha) 566?–c480 b.c, Indian religious leader: founder of Buddhism.
2.
any of a series of teachers in Buddhism, of whom Gautama was the last, who bring enlightenment and wisdom.
3.
(sometimes lowercase) Buddhism. a person who has attained full prajna, or enlightenment; Arhat.
Siddhartha Guatama
(Buddha)
*Buddha was born Siddhartha Guatama.
* He was a prince.
* He found a common ground between luxury and self- deprivation.
*He achieved enlightenment and the Buddhist religion was founded.
Skinny Buddha
Skinny Buddha
Life After Death
Unlike traditional Indian beliefs, Buddhism believed that you were reincarnated into a different form. This is called the the "no soul", doctrine, or "anatta". This process is also called transmigration.
Code of a buddhist monk (Bhikkhu)
I will refrain from harming the life of others.
I will refrain from stealing the property of others.
I will refrain from sex practices.
I will refrain from lying.
I will refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
I will refrain from food between noon and dawn.
I will refrain from dancing, singing, listening to music, and watching shows.
I will refrain from using perfumes, and, cosmetics.
I will refrain from installing myself in places located on a higher level than the noble beings, or reserved for such beings.
I will refrain from accepting or using gold or silver.
The Singing Bowl?
The singing bowl is a ritual object that is used in the Himalayan region.
Used since ancient times
Played with a wooden stick
Emits a resounding sound that helps during meditation and creating mantras.
Rituals Cont.
Viharas are the sacred places of Buddhists where they worship, meditate, read scriptures, discuss and attend lectures.
Beliefs Cont.
4 virtues and practices for their attainment
THE IMMEASURABLES:
Loving-kindness
Compassion
Empathetic joy
Equanimity
Middle Way
The Path of moderation away from the two extremes of self-indulgence and self-mortification.
"a secluded place in which to walk"
residence for monks
3 Jewels of Buddhism
are: Buddha, Dharma and Sangha. Taking refuge in these is considered to be one's way out of misery.
Miscellaneous
Buddhism word is derived from Hindi word Budhi, which means WISDOM.
Flowers used in Buddhist worship signal that life of a human is not permanent but short lived like the life of a flower, so a human should spread happiness like flowers.
A Buddhist should eat whatever food is given to him, but should never ask for an animal to be slaughtered for his meal.
The "Smiling Buddha" in Chinese restaurants is not a statue of the Buddha, rather it is Hotei a Budai from Chinese folklore.
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