Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
What Made WW1 Different from all other wars
Transcript of What Made WW1 Different from all other wars
a strange beginning, new weapons and vehicles, an armistice, and its end bringing about WWII made it different from previous wars WWI was started with an assassination. Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Hungary and his wife were in Serbia when they were shot by Serbian radicals. This was the beginning of WWI. Treaties When Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Hungary and his wife were shot and killed, it set off a chain reaction of countries coming into war.
Austria Hungary, declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914 after they refused to turn over the assassins.
Russia, bound by treaty to Serbia, declared they would move its vast army in her defense
Germany, allied to Austria Hungary by treaty, declared the mobilization as an act of war and declared war on Russia on August 1 and was swift to invade neutral Belgium
France, allied to Russia found itself at war with Germany and Austria Hungary by extension
Britain, allied to France by a more loosely worded treaty which placed a "moral obligation" upon her to defend France. They actually entered the war because of a 75 year old treaty with Belgium
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson declared a policy of absolute neutrality. This lasted until Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare(which seriously threatened America's commercial shipping) finally forced them to declare war on April 6, 1917
Japan, honoring a military agreement with Britain, declared war on Germany on August 23, 1914
Italy managed to avoid going to war, although allied with both Germany and Austria Hungary, by citing a clause in the treaty that basically said that they only had to fight if it was a defensive war. Vehicles Weapons World War 1 was the first war in an industrialized age. New weapons and vehicles were used in this war that had never been used before. With the invention of the plane in 1901 led the way for the plane to be used as a gun ship, light bomber, and heavy bomber. There was a total of 124 different planes used in WWI. The tank was also invented during WWI. It was originally called the land ship but later went on to be called the tank. The first tanks were very awkward and consisted of side mounted cannons and turrets. There were a total of 17 WW1 tanks. Poison Gas WWI was the first(and only) war in which poison gas was used. The first instance when poison gas was used in the Second Battle of Ypres. The gas used was chlorine gas. The allied guards remembered seeing a yellow green gas. Within seconds of inhaling the gas, the victims respiratory organs were destroyed, bringing upon choking fits and coughing. After Chlorine gas was Phosogene. This was more deadly than Chlorine gas. The Germans then developed mustard gas. This gas developed blisters inside and outside the bodies of people exposed. The gas also had a downside, the poison stayed in the Earth and that led to contaminated trenches. After the war poison gas was outlawed internationally. Flamethrowers The first flamethrower was invented in 1901 by Richard Kiedler for the German army. It really wasn't used in WWI until 1915 against the British. It was very cumbersome and unwieldy and was not widely used until WWII. Machine Guns Guns had been used before WWI but the first machine gun was invented during WWI. The first machine gun which required no cranking was invented my Hiram Maxim in 1884. When it was first presented to the British Army in 1885, the British officers said it had no use for it and that it was an improper form of warfare. The Germans liked the idea and quickly created their own version of Maxim's gun. They called it the Maschinegewehr 08. When war broke out in 1914, the Germans had 12,000 at their disposal. This number eventually swelled to 100,000. The British, on the other hand, only had a few hundred. The machine gun was used as both an offensive and defensive weapon. The gun over-heated very rapidly so it was fired in short bursts, and not in a long spray as they do today. On September 29, 1918, the German Army commander told Kaiser Wilhelm 2 that the military situation for Germany was hopeless. The Germans then asked to negotiate. At one point, the Germans refused the terms of negotiation from president Woodrow Wilson and continued to fight. But after a sailor's revolution and the soldiers becoming restless, German Chief of Staff Paul von Hindenburg asked for further negotiations and an Armistice was signed on November 11, 1918. The Armistice included the cessation of fire, withdrawl of German troops behind their own border, the preservation of infrastructure, the exchange of prisoners, a promise of reparations, the disposition of German warships, and conditions for prolonging or terminating the armistice. It took six more months for the Treaty of Versailles to be signed. According to Nathan Barber, poisonous gas was awful because it left many, many soldiers profoundly affected. It damaged nerves, caused blindness and more. Particularly on the western front, the gas often filled the deep trenches and caused huge problems for the soldiers seeking shelter in the trenches. According to Rice Professor Carl Caldwell, WWI was a contributing factor to WWII. "The Germans lost the war fair and square and the Versailles Treaty, contrary to popular notions, was not as horrific as people said at the time. But the loss poisoned German politics after 1918, undermining Germany's first successful democratic revolution, providing fuel for the fire of those who wanted a return to war." While WWI did not directly lead to WWII, the individuals responsible for WWII, were shaped by WWI. The individuals who took control in 1933 were the ones who decided to start the next war. After WWI the German people were very shamed and dishonored, leading to hate and animosity. The leaders who started WWII played on these emotions and eventually started WWII. According to Doctor Carl Caldwell, a professor at Rice University, interestingly there was a failure of modern weapons(ex. machine guns) to work during the war, because the powers weren't prepared for a long-lasting war. Thus you had ALL sides run out of shells and bullets, with the Russians the most affected, as they were already a few months into the war. Then they all had to scramble to figure out how to reorganize the economies to produce these basic weapons. Yes, modern machine guns, etc., were powerful weapons--but only if they had bullets!