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Text Structures

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by

Haley Wiedenhoeft

on 18 August 2014

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Transcript of Text Structures

How to read informational text
Text Structures
1. Cause and Effect
Cause is why something happened.
Effect is what happened.
5. Compare and
Contrast
Shows how two or more things are alike or different
3. Problem
and Solution
Tells about a problem then gives one
or more possible solutions
4. Description
A topic, idea, person, place or thing is described by listing its features, characteristics, or examples.
2. Sequence
Describes items or events in order or tells the steps to follow to do something or make something
Different Schools for Aztec Kids
Aztec children went to one of two different kinds of schools. One kind was for the sons and daughters of nobility, or wealthy people high up in society. There, children learned to read, write, and do math. They learned to play musical instruments and some children studied to be priests. They learned the secret language of the priesthood, how to predict eclipses and comets, and how to keep track of the days on the sacred calendar. Other children were taught how to work with silver and how to carve wood and stone. The priests were strict with the children at these schools, giving harsh punishments if a child broke any rules.
Children of common people went to a school different from the children of nobility. Not only were the priests less strict with these children, but they also allowed the children to go home sometimes. In both kinds of schools, children learned about religion and war. They learned songs, poems, and dances to honor their gods. They memorized stories of the gods and how they ruled the earth. This school was not the same as the one the wealthy people attended.
Headaches
Headaches can have several causes. Many people think that the major cause of a headache is nervous tension, but there is strong evidence that suggests diet and environment as possible factors. Some people get headaches because they are dependent on caffeine. Other people may be allergic to salt, or they may have low blood sugar. Still other people are allergic to household chemicals including polishes, waxes, bug killers, and paint. If they can manage to avoid these substances, then their headaches tend to go away. When a person has recurring headaches, it is worthwhile to look for the underlying cause, especially if the result of that search is freedom from pain.
Salamander Crossing
In the spring, mole salamanders migrate. They travel on the first rainy March night. Where are they going? These salamanders are moving from their forest homes to vernal pools. Vernal pools are big puddles that last through the whole spring. The salamanders go to the vernal pools to mate and lay eggs.
But mole salamanders face a dilemma. One reason is because people have built more homes. Some salamanders have to cross roads to get to their vernal pools and on rainy March nights this can be a problem. Drivers have trouble seeing the little amphibians. Many salamanders get run over!
In many towns, people have tried to come up with a solution to solve this problem and save the salamanders. Sometimes, volunteers come out with flashlights. They warn drivers and help to make sure that the salamanders get across the road safely. In one town the answer is building a tunnel! The salamanders can crawl through the tunnel and get to their vernal pools.
Jupiter
Jupiter is one of the nine planets in our solar system. It is called the giant among the planets because it has a diameter ten times as big as the earth. It also has twelve moons! Many scientists believe that the matter of which Jupiter is composed is in the form of a gas. For example, it is not solid like the rock that makes up the earth and the moon. The truth in this hypothesis must await further exploration. Scientists do know that Jupiter’s rotation period is about ten hours, and its revolution period is about twelve years. This means that Jupiter spins very rapidly on its axis as it makes its orbit around the sun. The atmosphere surrounding this planet is probably made up mainly of ammonia and methane, and its temperature is far, far below zero. Since it has no water, no oxygen, and extremely low temperatures, it is unlikely that it could support life. Because of these characteristics, this giant planet does not seem like a friendly place for humans.
Harry Houdini
Harry Houdini was born in Hungary in 1874 and moved to Wisconsin when he was four years old. Then, as a young boy, he became captivated by magic when he saw a magician perform. Harry directed his energy to becoming a magician, but some of his first shows were a flop. After five years he almost gave it up. But the needle trick changed all that. In this trick he swallowed needles and thread and coughed them back up with all the needles threaded through their eyes. Not long after that he escaped out of the mouth of a cannon just before it blew up. Harry was on his way up! No wonder Harry Houdini became a household name. Harry Houdini died on Halloween in 1926.
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