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Federalism

Describes Federalism and gives a brief timeline of when different types of federalism were a part of the United States.
by

Lauren Crain

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Federalism

Establish Public Schools
Reserved powers
Powers denied to the national government but not specifically denied to the State.
Regulate trade & business within the state.
Declare War
Coin Money
Regulate Trade & Business among States
Federalism
Definition:
System in which a written constitution divides the powers of government between a national and several local governments.
States
National
Concurrent Powers
1787
Constitution establishes a system of multilevel balanced government for the United States of America.
Timeline of the Evolution of Federalism
Today
Before there was time. Well, not really...
Dual Federalism (1787-1920s)
•National and State governments have shared powers.
•Designed to create tension
•Maintains boundaries
•Abrupt end
Cooperative Federalism (1930s-1970s)
*State government forced to cooperate with national
*Categorical grants
*Lines were distinct, now blurred

New Federalism / Devolution (1960s-today)
•Started with Nixon, continued with Reagan
•Restore states' power
•Federal Government providing
block grants
Conduct Elections
Raise and Maintain Armed Forces
Collect and Levy Taxes
Establish Courts
Borrow Money
-->
Also called "expressed," "enumerated," or "delegated" powers
"Layer-Cake" Federalism
"Marble-Cake" Federalism
"Picket-Fence" Federalism
Full transcript