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Literature Lesson 4: Romanticism and the Victorian Age

Vwo 5/6
by

Penny van Wolferen

on 9 March 2015

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Transcript of Literature Lesson 4: Romanticism and the Victorian Age

The Romantic Period
&
The Victorian Age

Literature Lesson 4
The Victorian Age
1830 - 1910

Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
Famous Works
Questions?
Important writers
Life in the Victorian Age
Victorian Literature
The Victorian Age
Definition
Features
The Romantic Period
1789 - 1830
The 'dream' or inner world of the individual
Imagery, sometimes drug induced (opium)
Pantheism: God is part of the universe
Interest in "Otherness"
Gothic elements
"The Sublime" (Immanuel Kant)
Jane Austen - Pride & Prejudice
Emily Brontë - Wuthering Heights
Charlotte Brontë - Jane Eyre
The era overlapping with the reign of Queen Victoria
Rise of the Middle Class
"Shopping" was invented
The lower classes worked in mines and factories
Housing was incredibly poor, work hours long
Disease and pollution: life expectancy = 48
1 in 5 children died before they were five years old
Workhouses: accommodation and employment for the poor
Of the 100,000 people in workhouses, half were children
Rise of the novel as a genre
Strong sense of morality
Norms and values
Championing the subdued and unfortunate
Virtue is rewarded, wickedness punished
Lewis Carroll - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Arthur Conan Doyle - Sherlock Holmes
Oscar Wilde - The Picture of Dorian Gray
H.G. Wells - The War of the Worlds
Bram Stoker - Dracula

And...
Self-made man
Has had his own share of poverty
Wrote about the lower classes and their struggles
Wrote very intricate, round characters
Still very well-known and popular
Parodied very often (Blackadder, South Park)
Oliver Twist
A Christmas Carol
Hard Times
Great Expectations
Reaction to Renaissance & Enlightenment
Shift of focus:
Imagination replaced science
Feeling and emotion replaced reason
Breakdown of structure (universe and society)
Spirituality
Individual experience
A mix of enjoyment, awe and horror combined
Important works
Poetry
Novels
William Wordsworth
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Pride & Prejudice
By Jane Austen
Khubla Khan
by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Incredible increase in population
Industrial revolution
Britain: the world's most powerful nation
British Empire: 1/5 of earth's surface
Short Stories
Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe - The Tell-Tale Heart
http://www.southpark.nl/full-episodes/s04e05-pip
Full transcript