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States of Matter

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by

Matthew Lane

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of States of Matter

States of Matter Matter Solid Liquid Gas Movement States can
Change Particles Crystals Amorphous
Solids Flowing Surface
Tension Matter: Anything that has mass and takes up space All matter is made up of lots of tiny particles How these particles interact determines their properties The different sets of properties are called The three major states are solid, liquid, and gas states of matter The particles in solids are packed closely together and move slowly Solids have a definite shape and a definite volume The strong attraction between the particles keeps
them close together and in a constant shape Sometimes the particles of solids are arranged in a repeating pattern

These are called crystalline solids Not all solids are crystalline Some solids are structured at random and do not form crystals These solids are compounds These solids are mixtures Particles The particles in a liquid are packed together, but not as close as solids.
These particles also move faster than the particles in solid. Liquids have an indefinite shape and a definite volume The attraction between the particles keeps them close
together but aren't strong enough to keep shape They take the shape of their container but always
take up the same amount of space Because the connections between particles aren't strong enough to
keep them in one place liquids an flow from one place to another Not all fluids flow easily, some are slow Resistance to flow is called viscosity Viscous liquids flow slowly The connections between particles in a liquid are still strong enough to
stick together on the surface These connections create surface tension that can be hard to break Hence the JESUS LIZARD! Particles The particles in a gas are spread out and move very fast Gasses have an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume The attraction between the particles is too weak to
keep them together They take the shape of their contianer and expand
to fill the space they are in Particles move too fast to stay together All the particles move in random directions They will spread out to fill the area To be continued...
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