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Art Deco

20th Century British Literature with Dr. Emily James, UST, St. Paul, MN

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Transcript of Art Deco

Art Deco Art Deco never had a set of rules to serve as a bench-mark for interpretation, so in many ways the best route to definition is through example. . . From Art Deco Style Architecture Chrysler Building
Manhattan, New York
William Van Allen, Architect
1930 Hoover Factory
West London
Wallis Gilbert and Partners, Architect
1932 Furniture État (State) cabinet, 1926
Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann (French, 1879–1933)
Airline Chair
Kem Weber
California 1934-1935 In the Home 'SUNRAY' A SHELLEY VOGUE TEA-SET FOR TEN
ERIC SLATER, 1930 On the Street
Nord Express
A.M. Cassandre
1927 Bakelite Empire State Fisk radiolette
AWA, Sydney
1936
Art Deco reflected the plurality of the contemporary world. Unlike its functionalist sibling, Modernism, it responded to the human need for pleasure and escape.
Lacquer

Bakelite

Wood

Metal History It embraced both handcraft and machine production, exclusive works of high art and new products in affordable materials. Art Deco, like its forerunner Art Nouveau, was an eclectic style and drew on many sources. They borrowed from historic European styles, as well as from the pictorial inventions of contemporary Avant Garde art, the rich colours and exotic themes of the Ballets Russes, and the urban imagery of the machine age. They also drew on more distant and ancient cultures. The arts of Africa and East Asia provided rich sources of forms and materials. Archaeological discoveries fueled a romantic fascination with early Egypt and Meso-America. Victoria and Albert Museum
"Art Deco" Unlike Modernist art movements, with their social philosophies and manifestos, Art Deco was purely decorative. A modern style, responding to the machine and to new materials such as plastic, Art Deco in its 1925 context was also sumptuous, a luxury style, characterized by individually produced luxury goods for wealthy connoisseurs. Victoria and Albert Museum
"Art Deco Study Guide" 1925 Exposition Des Artes Décoratifs Et Industriels Modernist Hatred of Art Deco Michael Dugdale, 1932
"Ornamentia Paecox" Leave no space undecorated:
Hide those ugly wheels and pipes.
Cover them with nougats and crosses,
Mess them up with stars and stripes

Now for curves and now for colour
Swags and friezes, urns and jars.
Now for little bits of faience
Now for giddy glazing bars.

Whoops! Tra-la! let's all go crazy.
Tirra-lirra! let's go gay.
Sanity may come tomorrow,
Ornament is in today. Poem on "jazz modern" style.
Satire aimed at Wallis, Gilbert & Partners
Architects of the Hoover Factory in west London Exhibition 1925 "Open to all manufacturers whose product is artistic in character and shows clearly modern tendencies"
(Art Deco, 13) CITROËN
200,000 light bulbs in six different colors were installed over the whole height of the tower on all four sides. Different illuminated patterns could be orchestrated from a keyboard. (Art Deco, 28). Hoover FactoryWest LondonWallis Gilbert and Partners, Architect1932 Materials Influences Pattern and Shape
Color Color 1909: Russian Ballet Russes
Sergei Diaghilev’s ballet company Costume for the Chinese Conjurer in Parade, 1917, designed by Pablo Picasso Vaslav Nijinsky as the Slave in Chéhérazade, 1910 La Femme en Bleu (Woman in Blue),
Fernand Léger, 1912 El Castillo, Chichen Itza: El Castillo ("The Castle") rises 79 feet above the Main Plaza of the ancient Maya city of Chichen Itza in Mexico (founded c. AD 600 ).

Costume for the Sea Princess in Sadko, 1916, by Natalia Goncharova Violin and Candlestick
Georges Braque Paris
1910 Wallpainting of Queen Nefertari, c. 1298-1235 B.C Parisian Cubist Painting

Art of the Ballets Russes

Exoticism of Egyptian and Native American Imagery Raymond Templier, Cigarette Case, 1930 Jean Fouquet Brooch, 1925
RAYMOND TEMPLIER (1891-1968)
A LACQUER AND COQUILLE-D'OEUF SILVER CIGARETTE CASE, 1928 1927 Georges Fouquet, Dusausoy, Jacques Lacloche, Roger Sandoz Autoportrait (Tamara in the Green Bugatti)
Tamara de Lempika 1925 The Eastern Columbia Building (849 S. Broadway) was built by Architect Claude Beelman in 1930 Eastern Columbia Building continued:
A turquoise and yellow terracotta sunburst decorates the vestibule over the front entrance of the building. The vestibule's ceiling also includes more of the ubiquitous Art Deco chevron patterns. Art Deco Stained Glass Ceiling
Buffalo City Hall
John W. Cowper Company
1932 Buffalo City Hall
John W. Cowper Company 1932 Chrysler Building Manhattan, New York
William Van Allen, Architect 1930 Buffalo City Hall 1932
John W. Cowper Company Eileen Gray Table
Sycamore and Lacquer
1914-1918 1920-1950s Fada/Catlin Bakelite Radios Robert Bonfils
1925 JEAN-MICHEL FRANK (1895-1941)
CABINET, VERS 1925 Chrysler Building Manhattan
New York
William Van Allen, Architect1930 A PAIR OF WROUGHT-IRON GATES
EDGAR BRANDT, CIRCA 1925 Edgar Brant Doorway
New York, 1928 Technology Bullocks Wilshire department store in L.A., California, 1929
Architects John and Donald Parkinson Speed of Transportation
Herman Sachs
Born: Romania, 1889
ceiling fresco, 1929
28 by 70 feet Close Reading Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Building
1930-1932 New York
Bley & Lyman A.M. Cassandre
Normandie
1935 Geometric Shapes Chevron Patterns Ziggurat Shapes Symmetry Sunburst Motif L.A 1925
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