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Scale of the Solar System Activity

Students will use Prezi to collaboratively create a scale model of the solar system, provide relevant content about their selected planet, and showcase their understanding of both relative size and distance.
by

Todd Ensign

on 24 April 2011

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Transcript of Scale of the Solar System Activity

Planets Distance from Sun (km) Distance from Sun (AU*) Diameter (km)
Mercury 58,000,000 0.39 4,900
Venus 108,000,000 0.72 12,000
Earth 150,000,000 1.00 12,760
Mars 228,000,000 1.52 6,800
Jupiter 778,000,000 5.20 143,000
Saturn 1,427,000,000 9.54 120,000
Uranus 2,871,000,000 19.00 52,000
Neptune 4,497,000,000 30.30 50,000
Pluto 5,913,000,000 39.50 2,300
SUN -- -- 1,399,830 I would begin by having each student make one Prezi on a planet. The purpose of this would be for them to both develop comfort with the interface and to be able to share and present thier new knowledge in front of the class.

Third, invite 10 students to collaborate in the project through the "meeting" tool.

Make sure the students read the directions carefully, and are able to resize and move objects, create text boxes and finally to add animation.

If you have questions, contact the developer: Todd Ensign at technology.todd@gmail.com Directions:
Hello Students! Welcome to the Scale of the Solar System Prezi. Your goal for this project is to change the sizes and distances between the planets of our solar system so they are accurately depicted on the line below. Each of you should be assigned a planet by your teachers already. It is your job to use the data table to the right and the provided ruler to measure and re-size your planet and to then place it on the appropiate distance from the sun on the line below (ecliptic plane) which is marked in Astronomical Units (AU).

Scaling:
You obviously can't use the actual sizes, so you will have to scale them appropiately. To do this you need to create a ratio or proportionality where 1 km in real life equals (for example) 1 cm on our model. Unfortunatly, that simple ratio will not work as even Prezi can't handle a 143 cm Jupiter. For more on the math, visit the HELP! Area of the Prezi.

After all of you have re-sized and placed the proper distance from the sun, you should add some intersting facts about your planet that you have found on the NASA Solar System website (http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets). You can add more pictures or even make a video about your planet and upload it. EACH STUDENT MUST PROOF ANOTHER STUDENT''S RESEARCH!!!!!!!

Tour of the Solar System:
Finally, as a team, you will use the Path tool to provide visitors with a Tour of your model of the Solar System. Remember, if you have questions, try the HELP! area first before asking your teacher. 5 AU 10 AU 20 AU 30 AU 40 AU In this space please tell us about your planet.
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
Be sure to answer these questions:
How far is it from the Sun?
Is it a rocky or gassous planet?
How big or small is it?
Does it have an atmosphere?
Does it have moons? (if so, how many?)
When was it discoered and by whom?
What is something you like about this planet? Scale Solar System Activity Scale of the Solar System Activity is a learning object that is inherently cross-disciplinary and simultaneously covers a number of 3rd-8th grade Content Standards and Objectives in the curricular areas of science, mathematics, and technology. (The correlation is completed for the state of West Virginia where the author resides.) The learning object is entirely completed via Prezi Meeting which allows for groups of student to simultaneously collaborate on a project. While the activities are designed to be introduced by a teacher, they are inherrently student-centered. The teacher will begin by assigning a planet to each student, and by providing access to the self directed training and practice resources for each task. The output is a student-led class presentation depicting the planets of our solar system, sized relative to one another, and placed along a line displaying their relative distance from the sun. Additionally, each student will present both visually and orally information pertaining to their assigned planet. The activity is an example of project-based-learning (PBL) with the student-created product serving as an authentic assessment. The activity will use peer review for the formative evaluation while a rubric will enable the teacher to complete a summative evaluation. Introduction STUDENTS START HERE! ACTUAL SIZES AND
DISTANCES OF PLANETS
IN OUR SOLAR SYSTEM Learning Objectives Teach 3rd through 8th grade students to understand the scale of our solar system who are working to complete their West Virginia Content Standards and Objectives.
Learning Objectives (What will be taught):
The relative sizes of the planets in our solar system and the relative distances between the planets will be covered. Additionally, students will learn about rocky vs. gaseous planets, the asteroid belt, dwarf planets (Pluto) and other Kuiper Belt objects, and the major moons of planets. These topics will be aligned with the West Virginia Content Standards and Objectives (CSO) which are required to be taught in the 3rd - 8th grades. West Virginia CSO’s that the topic will cover include:
Science
SC.O.3.2.19describe the similarities and differences among the planets.
SC.0.4.2.32 describe and explain the planets orbital paths.
SC.O.9.2.34 apply fusion, heat transfer, gravity, and electromagnetism to the sun, its evolution and its impact on earth.
SC.O.PS.2.24 apply fusion, heat transfer, gravity, and electromagnetism to the sun’s evolution and its impact on the solar system.
SC.O.ES.2.23 analyze several origin theories of the solar system and universe and use them to explain the celestial bodies and their movements.
SC.O.PS.2.25 investigate theories for the origin and configuration of the solar system
Math
M.O.A1.2.3 evaluate data provided, given a real-world situation, select an appropriate literal equation and solve for a needed variable.
M.O.3.2.4 write equivalent numerical expressions and justify equivalency.
M.O.3.2.5 use symbol and letter variables to represent an unknown quantity and determine the value of the variable.
M.O.4.2.2 recognize and describe relationships in which quantities change proportionally.
M.O.5.3.5 draw a similar figure using a scale, given a real-world situation.M.O.5.4.5 solve real-world problems requiring conversions within a system of measurement.
M.O.6.4.5 given a two-dimensional polygon, construct a scale drawing given the scale factor.
M.O.7.3.4 pose and solve ratio and proportion problems including scale drawings and similar polygons.
M.O.7.2.4 analyze proportional relationships in real-world situations, select an appropriate method to determine the solution and justify reasoning for choice of method to solve.M.O.8.3.5 create scale models of similar figures using ratio, proportion with pencil/paper and technology and determine scale factor
M.O.8.4.2 solve problems involving missing measurements in plane and solid geometric figures using formulas and drawings including irregular figures, models or definitions.
Technology
21C.O.3-4.1.TT9 Student participates in several curriculum based telecommunications projects as class activities. Student uses telecommunications efficiently and effectively to access remote information and communicate with audiences.
21C.O.3-4.2.TT2 Student collaborates with peers, experts and others using telecommunications and online resources (e.g., e-mail, online discussions) to participate in collaborative problem-solving activities for the purpose of developing solutions or products for audiences inside and outside the classroom.
21C.O.3-4.2.TT3 Student uses technology tools (e.g., presentation software, word processing software, publishing software, group web page design, digital cameras, scanners) for individual and collaborative writing, communication, and publishing activities to create informative products for audiences inside and outside the classroom.
21C.O.5-8.1.TT7 Student uses advanced features and utilities of presentation software (e.g., design templates, design layouts (fonts/ colors/backgrounds) animation and graphics, inserting pictures, objects, movies, sound, charts, hyperlinks, and graphs) to create an original product. Learners need to know how to:
•navigate to teacher-approved websites using a browser,
•Have a working email address (preferably .edu domain)
•edit a Prezi presentation which includes the ability to: create text, upload photos, re-size and move objects,
•create a proportionality or ratio and solve for an unknown variable
•Measure an object with a ruler and report that measurement in metric units. (eg: 2.54 cm)
•Set up a proportionality and solve for a missing variable
(eg: 1:2 = 2:x [x=4])
•Manipulate the size and location of digital media including photos, videos, text boxes, etc.
•Read and interpret data in a table,
•compare planets in our solar system by relative size
•compare planets in our solar system by distance away from the sun
•measure distances in Astronomical Units
•use presentation software to create an original product that employs multimedia and animation
•use synchronous collaborative software to work with peers on a multimedia project
•explain the similarities and differences between the planets in our solar system. Prerequisites TEACHERS START HERE! Getting Started Help! and Frequently Asked Questions I don't have an email address! If you are a student in West Virginia, then complete the application located here: http://wvde.state.wv.us/technology/network/newaccount.php

How should the studnets be divided up into efective groups? Before making grouping decision, the educator should review this paper on the topic from ERIC: Grouping Pupils for Instruction http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/detail?accno=ED441238

How do I use Prezi! Watch the introductory video and perform the steps in the training tutorial. All materials are found here: http://prezi.com/learn/

How do I use the Metric System! using this interactive online learning module: http://www.wisc-online.com/Objects/ABM4202/ABM4202.swf

How to I use a ruler! This online tool provides remediation on reading a metric ruler http://www.funbrain.com/cgi-bin/meas.cgi?A1=s&A2=1&A3=2

How do I use the data table! A learner could demonstrate this skill by completing the quiz on this website: http://www.ixl.com/math/practice/grade-5-read-a-table

How do I create a ratio and solve for an unknown value! This site that both trains on this and tests it if a learner wants/needs independent remediation.
Video: Ratios_and_Proportions Activity: http://www.thinkingblocks.com

What is an Astronomical Unit? Refer to this NASA Connect video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6szEDHMxP4

Where can I find information about planets in our solar system? Learners should use the NASA website for information on their planet http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/index.cfm

Student Rubric
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