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Humanistic Psychology

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Rachel Wolfe

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Humanistic Psychology

Humanistic Psychology
(cont'd) Analysis Abraham Maslow
"What a man can be, he must be. This need we call self-actualization." Valentine's Day through Humanistic Psychology
Satisfies love/belonging section of hierarchy of needs
Leads to development of esteem and self-actualization
People want to be loved, cared about, and have their time valued by friends, family, or a loved one
People appreciate and value gifts of cards, candy, dinner, and other romantic gestures
They feel as if they belong and are loved
People who say they don't care about Valentine's Day actually do according to Maslow's hierarchy of needs and will end up striving to attain love/belonging Humanistic Psychology Maggie Yu, Rachel Wolfe, Jen Bennett Biography Born in Brooklyn, NY 1908
Spent his childhood helping his father make ends meet
Read works of Pavlov, Freud, Jung
Rebelled against parents- studied Psychology instead of Law, and married his cousin Bertha
Moved between New York and Wisconsin during his studies
Settled in teaching at Brooklyn College
First chairman of psychology at Brandeis
Died in 1970 What is Humanistic Psychology? school of psychology that emerged in the 1950s in reaction to behaviorism and psychoanalysis
sometimes referred to as a "third force" - distinct from the two more traditional approaches to psychology
a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person
humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving
an individual's behavior is connected to his/her inner feelings and self-image
unlike behaviorists, humanistic psychologists believe that humans are not solely the product of their environment - humanistic psychologists study human meanings, understandings, and experiences involved in growing, teaching, and learning fruits of his research related to human motivation - hierarchy of needs
built on a foundation of basic needs that must be satisfied before higher levels of needs are met

deficiency needs - arise due to deprivation
physiological - required for us to survive & sustain life
safety - individuals feel safe and secure with no threat of physical or emotional harm -living in a safe area, job security, financial reserves, health insurance, etc. that are essential for us to survive
emotional - once physiological needs & safety are satisfied, higher needs become more important - our need for friends, sense of belonging, and ability to receive and give love
esteem - to feel good about ourselves, we want to feel like we're important and that we matter on this earth - self respect, achievement, attention, recognition, reputation

growth needs - apex of hierarchy of needs - stem from desire to grow as a person
self-actualization - quest of reaching your full potential and being connected to the world
self-actualizing people are self-aware, concerned with personal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others, and interested fulfilling their own potential
it's not an endpoint/a destination, it is a journey, something we're constantly trying to achieve emphasize characteristics that are shared by all human beings such as love, grief, caring, and self-worth
emphasizes a hierarchy of needs and motivations - individuals are internally directed and motivated to fulfill their human potential
humanistic psychologists are not primarily concerned with instinctual drives, responses to external stimuli, or past experiences. rather, they consider conscious choices, responses to internal needs, and current circumstances to be important in shaping human behavior Maslow's
Hierarchy of Needs *fulfillment of the needs is strongly correlated with happiness!* while some research showed some support for Maslow's theories, most research have not been able to substantiate the idea of a needs hierarchy
there is little evidence for Maslow's ranking of these needs and even less evidence that these needs are in a hierarchical order
Maslow'sdefinition of self-actualization is difficult to test scientifically
his research was also based on a very limited sample of individuals, including people he knew as well as biographies of famous individuals such as Albert Einstein and Eleanor Roosevelt Criticisms of Hierarchy of Needs The Notebook Bibliography "Abraham Maslow." Father of Modern Management Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013.

"Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs." Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013.

"The Notebook - Official Trailer [HD]." YouTube. YouTube, 08 Aug. 2012. Web. 09 Jan. 2013.

What Is Humanistic Psychology? N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. Love story of Noah and Allie
Summer love
Before Noah
Allie already attained physiological (basic needs) and safety (her parents money) needs
Allie's strive for love/belonging
Allie denied Noah at first, but she eventually realized that with him she would attain love and belonging
Something she lacked in her relationship with her parents
The New Man
Allie almost marries another man although she still has feelings for Noah (subconscious) to fulfill her needs
Led to her attaining esteem (self-esteem, confidence) and self-actualization (creativity, spontaneity) after she found her way back to Noah
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