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Area 51: Fact or Fiction
Transcript of Area 51: Fact or Fiction
Fact or Fiction? History of Area 51 Theory 1:
Alien Contact Theory 2:
Technological Advancement Theory 4:
Faked Moon Landing Theory 3:
Misleading the Soviet Union Works Cited In 1951, the Atomic Energy Commission chose a 1,350 square mile stretch of land approximately 75 miles north of Las Vegas, NV, naming it the Nevada Test Site, detonating a total of 933 nuclear devises between the years 1951-1992 (Jacobsen xi-xii). People had toyed with the thought of aliens ever since H.G. Wells's 1898 book, "The War of the Worlds", and became a serious topic of debate with incidents like the 1938 radio edition of the novel and the 1947 crash in Roswell, NM (Jacobsen 19-21). During World War II, German scientists were able to create the first jet airplane, the He 178, as well as the first jet fighter, the Me 262 (Hyland 1, 346). Immediately after the end of WWII, the Soviet Union heightened its own programs, including Operation Osoaviakhim, the Soviet version of Operation Paperclip, in an attempt to catch up to American technology, starting the silent Cold War of the late 1900s (Hyland 266). On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the moon, supposedly. In 1955, the Central Intelligence Agency chose the small area of land for Area 51 on the outskirts of the Nevada Test Site at Groom Lake for their experimentation with stealth aircraft, and it has been closed off to the public ever since (Jacobsen 4). By the 1950s, the idea that the government could be hiding things from the public caught peoples' attention, and Area 51 has produced, among others, the U-2 spy plane, the A-12 Oxcart (the prototype of the SR-71 Blackbird stealth fighter), and the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber (Swift). After WWII, many German scientists sought asylum in America to evade Soviet capture, and in 1947, the U.S. created Operation Paperclip, the organization of former-Nazi scientists in order to pursue the advancement of the jet engine and military aviation (Jacobsen 33). Less than a decade latter, with the help from the German scientists, the U.S. had developed its own jet aircraft and even began flying them over the Soviet Union on spy missions as early as 1957(Jacobsen 83-86). in the following years, many conspiracy theories were created in an attempt to explain what the government's tight security was hiding at Area 51, such as those of alien contact, the experimentation of new technologies, misleading the Soviet Union, and the faking of the 1969 Apollo moon landing. By 1951, the U.S. Air Force had already investigated nearly 2,000 UFO sightings across the country, in just the five years of its existence (Jacobsen 71). Many mini-theories emerged from alien contact, including those about Area 51 being a holding place for crashed aliens, being a meeting place between aliens and the federal government, and being a facility for reverse-engineering alien spacecraft (Steiger 293). Some believe that a government entity, Majestic-12, made a deal with extraterrestrials to give them permission for experimentation on the American people in exchange for alien technology (Lear). Throughout the skepticism of Area 51's true purpose, the government continues to endorse this theory, that Area 51 is nothing more than a military testing facility (Steiger). Of the many factors contributing to the theory, the most prominent are that there are no stars in the sky, there is no blast crater from the Lunar Excursion Module's rocket after landing, there seem to be multiple light sources in many of the photos, and the American flag planted on the moon seems to be caught fluttering in non-existent wind (Facts and Info). Another unexplained pneumonia is that the astronauts would have had to pass through the Van Allen Radiation Belt, which one can only escape the lethal radiation by being surrounded by 6 feet of lead, which Apollo 11 didn't have (Facts and Info). Some conspiracy theorists claim that their is enough photographic evidence to conclude that the photos could not have been physically taken on the moon, but instead in a production studio, which is speculated to be located at Area 51 (Facts and Info). Area 51 seems lake a creditable location to some, having a geographic terrain similar in appearance to that of what the moon supposedly looks like, and the astronauts of Apollos 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17 visited the Nevada Test Site to gain a feel for the type of geology on the moon (Jacobsen 318).
Area 51 is also equipped with hangers and buildings large enough to both produce any kind of media footage and hide any props or equipment from prying eyes (Facts and Info). Conclusion On July 7, 1947, an unidentified flying object crash-landed in the New Mexican desert near Roswell, NM, and has since sparked many peoples' speculation that the object was an alien spacecraft (Lear). Among the weapons both sides employed were not only new military and technological advancements, such as spy planes and nuclear missiles, but also the use of misinformation to mislead the other's intelligence (Hyland 257-259). However, many others now claim that the object was a new Soviet aircraft that had been able to penetrate into American airspace (Swift). America's government, in turn, refused to admit the security breach over its own territory and refused to release the truth to the public (Swift). Eventually, the government build Area 51, which is only a set of fake hangers, and secretly planted misinformation in the public in order to mislead anyone trying to learn of military secrets, instead distracting them from the rest of the Nevada Test Site developing new military technologies with the prospect of extraterrestrials at Area 51 (Swift). The most credible theory to the mystery of Area 51's true purpose seems to be that of the government simply using the facility for developing and testing new weapon technologies and aircraft designs. It is also believed that the suddenly resent advances in technology from the mid-1900s on is a result of reverse-engineering alien technology, given that humans have never before seen this massive evolution of technological advancement (Lear). Given the amount of new military technology the government is developing, it only seems logical that they would need massive testing facilities, safely far away from the public, to test them, as well as have them safely hidden so as to protect them from being spied upon or sabotaged. Thus a war of misinformation and lies was started between American and the Soviet Union. Never the less, the conspiracy theories will continue until undeniable facts emerge pointing to one theory's legitimacy. "Area 51 Loses Mystique for Some after Accusations of Hoax." The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor, 25 May 2011. Web. 08 May 2013.
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