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BRITISH SOCIETY 1951-64
Transcript of BRITISH SOCIETY 1951-64
Youth & Crime
Media and changing attitudes to class
Vol XCIII, No. 311
BRITISH SOCIETY 1951-64
inward migration- irish republic, west indies, new commonwealth
west indian migrants on empire windrush 1948
total of 676,000 immigrants in 1950s, yet 1.32 million left Britain
1.25 million immigrants 1960s, yet 1.92 million left Britain
commonwealth ties strengthened by war
numbers from India and Pakistan rose
commonwealth immigration act 1962, limited immigration through work permits, labour opposed but did not repeal it
mixed public opinion- aware of prejudices
general tolerance and reluctance to use legislation on countries with historic links to Britain
Social change led to tensions
Concentrated in Urban areas- caused resentment and friction
Bad housing and overcrowding in poorer areas was made worse by immigration
Cheap workers caused resentment over jobs
Mosley exploited the issue by printing racist leaflets
Increased rate of immigration
Muddled multicultural society with no clear sense of direction
clash between mods and rockers
mods= scooters, smart, pop
rockers=motorcycles, leather, rock
new youth culture- brawls
clacton and margate riots 1964- organised
moral panic- exaggerated
rise in crime
culture of boxing- street fighting
criminal career and extreme violence
crime empire- respected by people
11 plus to get into grammar schools caused feelings of failure at a young age and psychological strain was placed on children
30% of pupils got into grammar schools
modern secondary schools became seen as the fall-back for if you failed
snobbery and disappointment caused youth rebellion
Kids lost their innocence, they were liberated from their parents by well-paying jobs and cars, and lyrics in music that gave rise to a new term- the generation gap.
new trends and shift in attitudes
deferential and conformist --> breakdown of social restrictions and loss of deference
disrespectful satire in press, television and theatre
mass entertainment- cinema and bbc
media opened the way for a more individualist society
people were less willing to follow the lead of privileged people "Britain's Establishment"
Profumo affair showed a less class-ridden society- sex scandal- changing society- unable to prevent publication of sensitive or embarrassing information- juicy details and gossip- disgraced a cabinet minister
Vassall Affair- spy scandal
Lady Chatterleys Lover- sexually explicit novel-court case under Obscenity Act
satire boom- This was the week that was- satirical political comedy
mixed opinions- many complaints
middle class backlash against new immorality and depravity
this was the majority opinion in Britain so popular culture did not change too drastically
Argyll divorce case- nude photographs of the Duchess with another man- the divorce was granted- "completely promiscuous woman"
media showed the promiscuity and changing society, yet class barriers were not broken down
dented class system but didnt break it