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Exactly how do children learn language?
Transcript of Exactly how do children learn language?
; Children learn language efficiently and fast
; Wired, with a substantial amount of innate language
; Language is rule-governed
; Distinctive awareness: languages are hierarchically structured
; Language makes use of operations: structure-dependent
Do children set switches?
Universal Grammar (UG): A switchboard with its switches in neutral position
Children flick each switch and the system functions as they discovered the selected particular option of the language they are learning. True?
Motherese / Caretaker Language
; PG 148
IT'S TIME FOR DEBATE! :D
Does Content Cuthbert exists?
Does Process Peggy exists?
; Sentences well-formed, simple in structure, repetitious
; 'Baby' words: DOGGIE, TUM-TUM, BIRDIE
Content Cuthbert OR Process Peggy??
; Children have inbuilt puzzle-solving equipment
; Enables them to analyse linguistic data
; 2 versions:
1) Intelligent Peggy:
- makes use of same general cognitive abilities
2) Linguistic Peggy
- processing mechanism are geared specifically to language
; making use f a wider set of puzzle-solving abilities which she/he brings to bear on the world in general
2. Genereal Mental Development
3. Parental Speech
>> MILK, APPLE, BATH <<<<
WHERE KITTY GO?
WHERE KITTY HAS GONE?
WHERE HAS KITTY GONE?
; A child's brain naturally contains a considerable amount of specific information about language
; Children come to language learning with certian expectations
; Innately contain large chunks of specific information about language
; the pre-wired knowledge is specific to language, independent of general intelligence