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Formal Qualities of Art

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Alyssa Clark

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of Formal Qualities of Art

Formal Qualities of Art
Shape and Form
shape: what defines the 2-D area of object
form: objects that are 3-D (have length, width, depth)
can create the illusion of form using foreshortening, perspective
Perspective
illusion of depth or 3-D in 2-D artwork
Formal Qualities
basic visual components of a work of art
line
shape
form
space
color
texture
Line
most basic art element
definition: path of a point moving through space
varying length width, direction
don't have to be solid, dotted, interrupted lines
Geometric
circles/spheres
squares/cubes
can be defined mathematically
precise and regular
represents order and stability
Organic
based off living things
freeform and irregular in shape or form
express movement and rhythm
Expression
express ideas or feelings visually
horizontal/vertical: create a stable and static feeling
vertical: cause the eye to move up
horizontal: promotes feelings of peace
curving/jagged: sense of activity
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_architecture
http://hifructose.com/2014/12/03/james-nizam-uses-light-and-negative-space-to-create-photos-with-striking-geometric-visuals/
http://interiordesignideas4u.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1180
Space
related to the organization of objects and the areas around them
positive space: what the objects, shapes or forms in an artwork occupy (figure)
negative space: areas around the figure
3-D: negative space may surround the forms or be created as a result of open spaces within the form
Techniques
shading or highlighting on borders of objects
place objects lower on the picture plane to make the appear closer
manipulate the size of objects to make them appear closer or farther
Aerial Perspective
shows the ways that fog, smoke, airborne particles change the appearance of things when viewed from a distance
far objects: appear lighter and more neutral in color, will lack contrast of color
https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/renaissance-art/deck/5047640
Texture
how things feel or how we think they would feel if touched
actual: artist may create actual texture on the surface or plate, in 3-D art
visual: 2-D illusion of a textured surface, created by using patterns of lines or shapes
http://www.artsconnected.org/toolkit/encyc_texturetypes.html
http://blog.teamtreehouse.com/art-and-the-web-texture
Composition
artist's organization of the elements of art, 2-D or 3-D
painting: the arrangement of these elements on the picture plane
architecture: organization of these elements in space
Rhythm
principle that we associate with movement or pattern
created through repetition of elements such as line, shape, color, texture
causes the eye to move across and around the composition
can be smooth or jarring
http://limcomputerart.weebly.com/blog/rhythm
Motif and Pattern
aspects of repetition
motif: single element of a pattern
pattern: repetition of certain motifs within a work of art
http://depositphotos.com/9522353/stock-illustration-seamless-pattern-fish-scale-motif.html
Balance
equal distribution of visual weight in a work of art
symmetrical: elements are repeated exactly on both sides of the central axis
approximate: shapes or objects are slightly varied on either side of the central axis
asymmetrical: organization of unlike objects, place the heavier, more solid object close to the center, place smaller objects farther away
http://www.visualcontest.com/category/elements-and-principles-of-art/
Proportion
size relationships among the parts of a work
scale: the dimensional relation of the parts of a work to the work in its entirety
Focal Point
an element that contrasts with the rest of a composition
where the eye will gravitate towards
appears more dominant, more important
helps to guide the viewer to an understanding of meaning
other elements lead to it
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