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Did World War 1 Shape Canada's Identity?
Jena Rajkumaron 20 October 2012
Transcript of Did World War 1 Shape Canada's Identity?
When Great Britain declared war on August 4, 1914, Canada, as a British dominion, was automatically at war as well
When WW1 began, Canada’s armed forces were almost non-existent
The permanent force consisted of only about 3000 men
Canada was not prepared to go to war The Changing of Canada's Identity Canada's Participation In WW1 The Battle of Ypres was Canada’s first major battle
Going into this battle, the Canadians didn't have any experience
On April 22, 1915, the Germans released 5700 litres of chlorine gas
The French troops retreated
Canadians soaked rags in muddy water and urine for protection and they held ground until reinforcements arrive
6000 Canadians were dead, missing or wounded
Canadian troops quickly earned a reputation as a strong fighting force The Battle of Vimy Ridge (1917): Most important and most successful battle for Canada in WW1
The attack began at dawn and Canadians took the crest of Vimy Ride in the afternoon of April 9
Called “the most perfectly organized and most successful battle of the whole war”
Considered a nation-making moment for Canada
All 4 divisions of Canadian Corps advanced together for the first time
The Canadians fought together and won together! Prime Minister Robert Borden offered 25 000 troops from Canada to Britian
However, more than 33 000 volunteered
At first, Canada was fighting for their mother country which was Great Britain
As the war progressed, Canada was fighting for their own country The Memorial on Vimy Ridge marks the site where Canadians made their mark as an independent force. The Battle of Somme (1916): The bloodiest battle of World War One
Canada lost a total of 24 029 men during this battle
However, the event did serve to secure the Canadian soldiers’ reputation as hard-hitting shock troops
As Prime Minister of Great Britain, Lloyd George wrote shortly after the battle, "The Canadians played a part of such distinction that thenceforward they were marked out as storm troops; for the remainder of the war they were brought along to head the assault in one great battle after another. Whenever the Germans found the Canadian Corps coming into the line they prepared for the worst." Overall, World War I was very influential in the shaping of Canada as a nation
Canada earned recognition, respect and admiration from the rest of the world through their successful and dedicated participation in WW1
Canada got their own national identity from ww1 which made other countries treat them as an independent nation
Canada was not part of Britain any more The Battle of Ypres (1915): Canada's War Efforts: For a nation of eight million people Canada's war effort was remarkable
A total of 619,636 men and women served in the Canadian forces in the First World War, and of these 66,655 gave their lives and another 172,950 were wounded
Although many Canadian lives were lost during the war, Canada grew stronger as a nation, and moved closer to becoming an independent nation
The Canadian forces were made up mostly of volunteers Canada at the Paris Peace Conference (1919): Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden fought successfully for Canada to have its own seat at the Paris Peace Conference
Canada also got its own signature on the Treaty of Versailles
Canada's presence at the Paris Peace Conference represented the Allied recognition of Canadian corps' contribution to the war effort
It also represented Canada's Independence as well Canada made great contributions and sacrifices in the First World War
When World War One started, over 33,000 Canadians (enough to form one division) volunteered to form the Canadian army to participate in the war
By 1916 the Canadians had formed four divisions
During the war, the four divisions of the Canada Corps earned an outstanding reputation as a fighting force
The battles in which Canadian forces earned the admiration of all the Allies included the Battle of Ypres (1915), the Battle of Somme (1916), and the Battle of Vimy Ridge (1917)
The Canadian Victory at the Battle of Passchendaele in 1917 alone costed 16 000 Canadian casualties
Passchendaele is often considered one of the most pointless battles of World War One Canadian troops celebrating after the victory at the battle of Vimy Ridge. The League of Nations(1920): Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden also fought to have Canada gain independent membership at the League of Nations which was an organization formed out of the Treaty of Versailles
The League of Nations was a group of nations the was designed to act collectively to prevent war
This also proved that Canada was becoming independent of Great Britain which they would officially receive a few years later Conclusion: Overall, World War One did Shape Canada's identity
Before the war, Canada was considered to be quite young in relation to many countries in the world
However, after the war, Canada was recognized both at home and around the world for their war efforts and accomplishments
World War One helped Canada become an independent nation World War 1 definitly shaped Canada's identity. Canadian troops at the Battle of Ypres. Injured Canadian troops at the Battle of Somme. Thanks for looking at this presentation!!!!! Canada was starting to become an independent nation after WW1. The Vimy Memorial: In 1922, France gave a large portion of Vimy Ridge to Canada as a memorial
Today, a 45 metre high monument sits on top of the ridge
It is there to honour all the brave Canadian Soldiers that fought and died at Vimy Ridge
This proves that Canada was recognized by other countries such France for their efforts and accomplishments in the war Wounded Canadian Soldiers after World War One.