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Prince Henry the Navigator

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by

Hamza Taj

on 12 June 2013

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Transcript of Prince Henry the Navigator

Birth Prince Henry the Navigator was the third born son to King John I of Portugal and his wife, Phillippa of Lancaster. Born in Porto, Portugal on March 4th, 1394, he had five siblings in all, four brothers and one sister. His actual Portugese name was Infante Dom Henrique. The newborn was soon to be nicknamed "The Royal Patron of Explorers." Early Years Henrique Portugal Gambia Not much is known about Henry's early life, as in when he was under 20 years of age. At the same time, not many important evens or milestones occurred during that time. Henry's real adventure of life started when he was exactly 20 years old. Henry's Early Life His birth.... http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/h/henry.shtml The Great Gambia River He sent the Venetian explorer Alvise da Cadamosto on two expeditions (1445 and 1446), both to the Gambia River in an attempt to trade with the Africans. On the first, Alvise only reached the mouth of the river. The second, he sailed down the river; unfortunately, neither times did the Africans trade with him. Why did he decide to explore? Cape Bojador These expeditions were sent to create much-needed maps of the West African coast, to defeat the Muslims :(, to spread Christianity, and to establish trade routes. Prince Henry helped begin the Great Age of Discovery that lasted from the 1400's to the early 1500's.

No Europeans had sailed past the treacherous Cape Bojador and returned alive. It had frequent, violent storms and strong currents. The Europeans called the ocean beyond that point the "Sea of Darkness." Prince Henry aimed his men to cross this point and Gil Eannes succeeded in 1434. He returned in 1435 and collected many seal skins for trade in Europe. Slave Trade Gil Eannes later opened up the way for slave trade in Europe when he brought back captives from Africa in 1441. Alvise da Cadamosto claimed to have discoved the Cape Verde Islands, but it is uncertain if he was the first one. Cape Palmas Finally, in 1458, Prince Henry sent Diogo Gomes on an exploration mission that went as far as Cape Palmas. This expedition returned in 1460, the year Prince Henry died. School of Navigation In 1418, Prince Henry started the first school for oceanic navigation along with an astronomical observatory at Sagres, Portugal. In this school, people were trained in navigation, map-making, and science, in order to sail down the west of Africa. It was his training academy for future explorers. Prince Henry vs. Leif Ericson While Leif Ericson was the first to discover North America, he barely touched it. Prince Henry the Navigator opened up European trade routes and kept going farther past Cape Bojador each time. While he did not actually go on the expedition, he helped chart, map, and discover much of Africa while Leif Ericson touched the tip of North America and then did nothing more. OWNAGE!!!
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