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Prince Henry the Navigator
Transcript of Prince Henry the Navigator
No Europeans had sailed past the treacherous Cape Bojador and returned alive. It had frequent, violent storms and strong currents. The Europeans called the ocean beyond that point the "Sea of Darkness." Prince Henry aimed his men to cross this point and Gil Eannes succeeded in 1434. He returned in 1435 and collected many seal skins for trade in Europe. Slave Trade Gil Eannes later opened up the way for slave trade in Europe when he brought back captives from Africa in 1441. Alvise da Cadamosto claimed to have discoved the Cape Verde Islands, but it is uncertain if he was the first one. Cape Palmas Finally, in 1458, Prince Henry sent Diogo Gomes on an exploration mission that went as far as Cape Palmas. This expedition returned in 1460, the year Prince Henry died. School of Navigation In 1418, Prince Henry started the first school for oceanic navigation along with an astronomical observatory at Sagres, Portugal. In this school, people were trained in navigation, map-making, and science, in order to sail down the west of Africa. It was his training academy for future explorers. Prince Henry vs. Leif Ericson While Leif Ericson was the first to discover North America, he barely touched it. Prince Henry the Navigator opened up European trade routes and kept going farther past Cape Bojador each time. While he did not actually go on the expedition, he helped chart, map, and discover much of Africa while Leif Ericson touched the tip of North America and then did nothing more. OWNAGE!!!